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Dataset Title:  Depth ranges of occurrence for major functional groups of invertebrates, fish,
and algae on global shallow and mesophotic reefs, 1973\u20132017
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Institution:  BCO-DMO   (Dataset ID: bcodmo_dataset_772745)
Range: depth = 0.0 to 1220.0m
Information:  Summary ? | License ? | ISO 19115 | Metadata | Background (external link) | Data Access Form | Files
Graph Type:  ?
X Axis: 
Y Axis: 
Constraints ? Optional
Constraint #1 ?
Constraint #2 ?
Server-side Functions ?
 distinct() ?
? ("Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.")
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   Minimum:   Maximum:   N Sections: 
Y Axis Minimum:   Maximum:   
(Please be patient. It may take a while to get the data.)
Then set the File Type: (File Type information)
or view the URL:
(Documentation / Bypass this form ? )
    [The graph you specified. Please be patient.]


Things You Can Do With Your Graphs

Well, you can do anything you want with your graphs, of course. But some things you might not have considered are:

The Dataset Attribute Structure (.das) for this Dataset

Attributes {
 s {
  Publication_Short_title {
    String bcodmo_name "reference_paper";
    String description "abbreviated citation";
    String long_name "Publication Short Title";
    String units "unitless";
  Species {
    String bcodmo_name "species";
    String description "species name";
    String long_name "Species";
    String units "unitless";
  MinDepth {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    Float32 actual_range 0.0, 29.6;
    String bcodmo_name "depth_min";
    String description "depth minimum of occurrence";
    String long_name "Min Depth";
    String units "meters";
  depth {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Height";
    String _CoordinateZisPositive "down";
    Float64 _FillValue NaN;
    Float64 actual_range 0.0, 1220.0;
    String axis "Z";
    String bcodmo_name "depth_max";
    String description "depth maximum of occurrence";
    String ioos_category "Location";
    String long_name "Max Depth";
    String positive "down";
    String standard_name "depth";
    String units "m";
  Taxon {
    String bcodmo_name "taxon";
    String description "major taxon group";
    String long_name "Taxon";
    String units "unitless";
  Location {
    String bcodmo_name "site";
    String description "location of species occurrence";
    String long_name "Location";
    String units "unitless";
  Analysis {
    String bcodmo_name "exp_type";
    String description "whether benthic or fish were examined in the citation";
    String long_name "Analysis";
    String units "unitless";
    String access_formats ".htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv";
    String acquisition_description "Technical diving with closed circuit rebreathers, transect tapes and quadrats.";
    String awards_0_award_nid "647902";
    String awards_0_award_number "OCE-1632348";
    String awards_0_funder_name "NSF Division of Ocean Sciences";
    String awards_0_funding_acronym "NSF OCE";
    String awards_0_funding_source_nid "355";
    String cdm_data_type "Other";
    String comment 
"Meta-analysis data for mesophotic reefs 
   Depth ranges of occurrence for major functional groups of invertebrates, fish, and algae on global shallow and mesophotic reefs 
   Caribbean Sea, Hawaii, Red Sea, Australia, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, 1973-2017 
   PI: M. Lesser (UNH) 
   version date: 2019-07-10 
   Published as Appendix S1 in Lesser et al, Global Ecol & Biogeogr. (2019) DOI:10.1111/geb.12940";
    String Conventions "COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3";
    String creator_email "info@bco-dmo.org";
    String creator_name "BCO-DMO";
    String creator_type "institution";
    String creator_url "https://www.bco-dmo.org/";
    String data_source "extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3  19 Dec 2019";
    String date_created "2019-07-10T19:07:18Z";
    String date_modified "2019-07-11T17:53:08Z";
    String defaultDataQuery "&time<now";
    String doi "10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.772745.1";
    Float64 geospatial_vertical_max 1220.0;
    Float64 geospatial_vertical_min 0.0;
    String geospatial_vertical_positive "down";
    String geospatial_vertical_units "m";
    String history 
"2021-10-18T16:31:44Z (local files)
2021-10-18T16:31:44Z https://erddap.bco-dmo.org/tabledap/bcodmo_dataset_772745.das";
    String infoUrl "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/772745";
    String institution "BCO-DMO";
    String keywords "analysis, bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, data, dataset, depth, dmo, erddap, Location, management, max, MaxDepth, min, MinDepth, oceanography, office, preliminary, publication, Publication_Short_title, short, species, taxon, title";
    String license "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/772745/license";
    String metadata_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/772745";
    String param_mapping "{'772745': {'MaxDepth': 'flag - depth'}}";
    String parameter_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/772745/parameters";
    String people_0_affiliation "University of New Hampshire";
    String people_0_affiliation_acronym "UNH";
    String people_0_person_name "Dr Michael P. Lesser";
    String people_0_person_nid "645511";
    String people_0_role "Principal Investigator";
    String people_0_role_type "originator";
    String people_1_affiliation "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution";
    String people_1_affiliation_acronym "WHOI BCO-DMO";
    String people_1_person_name "Nancy Copley";
    String people_1_person_nid "50396";
    String people_1_role "BCO-DMO Data Manager";
    String people_1_role_type "related";
    String project "MCESponge";
    String projects_0_acronym "MCESponge";
    String projects_0_description 
"NSF Award Abstract:
Coral reefs are well known biodiversity hotspots of considerable interest to the public and scientific community. Reefs around the world are currently under threat from multiple factors such as pollution, coastal development, overfishing and climate change, where both the warming and acidification of tropical waters contributes to the loss of coral reefs and the many services they provide for us, such as protection from hurricane damage. Many studies are focused on corals, the conspicuously dominant group of organisms on many coral reefs, but other organisms are also important. One group, sponges, are essential for healthy reef function as they provide food and homes for many other reef organisms, they dramatically effect the nutrient cycles on reefs, and they synthesize important compounds of interest to the biomedical community. An emerging area of coral reef science is the study of deep reefs at depths greater than 30 meters. These coral reef systems, known as mesophotic coral reef ecosystems, were largely inaccessible until the transfer of technical diving approaches to the scientific community. In this project the investigators will study sponge populations from 3 meters to over 100 meters to examine their ability to utilize both dissolved and particulate food sources that may help explain increasing sponge biodiversity and growth rates with increasing depth. This project will provide training opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students as well as veterans and post-doctoral researchers, especially from underrepresented groups. Additionally, the investigators will develop unique outreach programs for public education.
Sponges are ubiquitous members of Caribbean coral reef communities, where they have multiple roles. There is evidence accumulating that sponge populations are increasing as coral cover declines due to anthropogenic and natural factors. Trophic interactions play crucial roles in controlling the distributions of species and community structure; however, the relative importance of top-down (predation) and bottom-up (nutrient resources) control of populations remains a hotly debated topic. Recently, it has been proposed that sponges consume large amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and release large numbers of choanocytes that fuel a \"sponge loop\" detrital pathway of significance to higher trophic levels. A largely overlooked, but clearly stated, requirement for the \"sponge-loop\" hypothesis to be broadly generalizable is that sponges must exhibit little, or no, net growth as the only way to balance the loss of carbon in the form of choanocytes (=detritus), with the intake of both particulate organic carbon (POC) and DOC; however, sponges do grow. Additionally, on both shallow and mesophotic coral reefs (MCEs: 3-150m depth), there is a strong vertical gradient in bacterioplankton resources on which sponges feed, and enhanced growth in the presence of spongivory argues for the importance of particulate organic carbon (POC). Missing so far in this discussion is the important role of dissolved and particulate organic nitrogen (DON/PON) that would be essential for sponge growth on coral reefs. This proposal has two goals: 1) quantify the DOC/POC and DON/PON resources available across the shallow to mesophotic depth gradient that has never been done before, and 2) quantify the depth dependence on these resources by a broad taxonomic representation of sponges that also includes multiple life-history strategies across shallow to mesophotic depths. To accomplish this second task the investigators will conduct studies on the growth of sponges from shallow to mesophotic depths to tease apart the independent and interactive roles of DOC/POC and DON/PON in sponge growth. They will also construct carbon, nitrogen and energetic budgets for sponges utilizing these resources. The project will provide the first comprehensive inventory of DOC/POC and DON/PON on several coral reefs. This will be complemented by studies of feeding and growth across the shallow to mesophotic depth gradient. With continuing changes in the community structure of both shallow and mesophotic reefs, understanding whether we can predict, using models of ecosystem function, which reefs will undergo transitions to sponge dominated communities and what factors contribute to these transitions, will be of use to local marine resource managers. These data will also inform the broader field of marine ecology, as well as provide new insights into mesophotic reef structure and function. Finally, sponge samples collected from mesophotic coral reefs often represent new species and they will be made available to scientists upon request.";
    String projects_0_end_date "2019-08";
    String projects_0_geolocation "Curacao, Cayman Islands";
    String projects_0_name "Collaborative Research: Sponge Growth is Nitrogen Limited over the Shallow to Mesophotic Depth Gradient";
    String projects_0_project_nid "647904";
    String projects_0_start_date "2016-09";
    String publisher_name "Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)";
    String publisher_type "institution";
    String sourceUrl "(local files)";
    String standard_name_vocabulary "CF Standard Name Table v55";
    String summary "Depth ranges of occurrence for major functional groups of invertebrates, fish, and algae on global shallow and mesophotic reefs. Studies were found in published literature from 1973 to 2017.";
    String title "Depth ranges of occurrence for major functional groups of invertebrates, fish, and algae on global shallow and mesophotic reefs, 1973\\u20132017";
    String version "1";
    String xml_source "osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3";


Using tabledap to Request Data and Graphs from Tabular Datasets

tabledap lets you request a data subset, a graph, or a map from a tabular dataset (for example, buoy data), via a specially formed URL. tabledap uses the OPeNDAP (external link) Data Access Protocol (DAP) (external link) and its selection constraints (external link).

The URL specifies what you want: the dataset, a description of the graph or the subset of the data, and the file type for the response.

Tabledap request URLs must be in the form
For example,
Thus, the query is often a comma-separated list of desired variable names, followed by a collection of constraints (e.g., variable<value), each preceded by '&' (which is interpreted as "AND").

For details, see the tabledap Documentation.

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