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     data        files  public Confirmed right whale identifications in Cape Cod Bay and adjacent waters and sighting
histories, from the R/V Shearwater NEC-MB2002-1 (1998-2002), and historical records from
1980 (NEC-CoopRes project)
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_2987

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Photographic Methods
i) Identification Photographs:
During aerial and shipboard surveys, photographs were taken on Kodak
Kodachrome 200ASA color slide film, using hand-held 35-mm cameras equipped
with 300-mm telephoto lenses and motor drives. From the air, photographers
attempted to obtain good perpendicular photographs of the entire rostral
callosity pattern and back of every right whale encountered as well as any
other scars or markings. From the boat, photographers attempted to collect
good oblique photographs of both sides of the head and chin, the body and the
flukes. The data recorder on both platforms was responsible for keeping a
written record of the roll and frame numbers shot by each photographer in the
daily log.

ii) Photo-analysis and Matching:
Photographs of right whale callosity patterns are used as a basis for
identification and cataloging of individuals, following methods developed by
Payne et al (1983) and Kraus et al (1986). The cataloging of individually
identified animals is based on using high quality photographs of distinctive
callosity patterns (raised patches of roughened skin on the top and sides of
the head), ventral pigmentation, lip ridges, and scars (Kraus et al 1986). New
England Aquarium (NEAq) has curated the catalogue since 1980 and to the best
of their knowledge, all photographs of right whales taken in the North
Atlantic since 1935 have been included in NEAq's files. This catalogue allows
scientists to enumerate the population, and, from resightings of known
individuals, to monitor the animals' reproductive status, births, deaths,
scarring, distribution and migrations. Since 1980, a total of 26,275 sightings
of 436 individual right whales have been archived, of which 327 are thought to
be alive, as of December 2001 (A. Knowlton, NEAq, pers. comm.)

The matching process consists of separating photographs of right whales into
individuals and inter-matching between days within the season. To match
different sightings of the same whale, composite drawings and photographs of
the callosity patterns of individual right whales are compared to a limited
subset of the catalogue that includes animals with a similar appearance. For
whales that look alike in the first sort, the original photographs of all
probable matches are examined for callosity similarities and supplementary
features, including scars, pigmentation, lip crenulations, and morphometric
ratios. A match between different sightings is considered positive when the
callosity pattern and at least one other feature can be independently matched
by at least two experienced researchers (Kraus et al 1986). Exceptions to this
multiple identifying feature requirement include whales that have unusual
callosity patterns, large scars or birthmarks, or deformities so unique that
matches from clear photographs can be based on only one feature. Preliminary
photo-analysis and inter-matching was carried out at CCS, with matches
confirmed using original photographs cataloged and archived at NEAq.

iii) Photographic Data Archiving
Upon completion of the matching process, all original slides were returned
to CCS and incorporated into the CCS catalogue of identified right whales to
update existing files, using the same numbering system as NEAq, in archival
quality slide sheets. NEAq archives copies of photographs representing each
sighting. Copies of photographs of individuals that are better than existing
records, and photographs of newly identified whales, will be included in the
NEAq master files as \"type specimens\" for future reference. The master files
are maintained in fireproof safes at NEAq. All catalogue files are available
for inspection and on-site use by contributors and collaborators.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 55048
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String unknown NEC-CoopRes NOAA
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NOAA
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 352
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Whale sighting history
P.I. Moira Brown
Confirmed right whale identifications in Cape Cod Bay
and adjacent waters 1998-2002 and sighting histories.
(report appendix I)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.2d 13 Jun 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2010-06-16T20:40:39Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-03-14T18:21:10Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.2987.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/2987 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String 35mm camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 4728
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String All types of photographic equipment including stills, video, film and digital systems.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/311/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 520
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, biology, chemical, data, dataset, dmo, erddap, identifier, management, oceanography, office, preliminary, region, sex, time, whale, whale_id, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended
for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data
Contributor, ERD, NOAA, nor the United States Government, nor any
of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or
implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness, of this information.
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/2987 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'2987': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/2987/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Dr Daniel McKiernan
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51014
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String PCCS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Dr Moira Brown
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51013
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String PCCS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Dr Charles Mayo
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 51015
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Northeast Consortium: Cooperative Research
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String NEC-CoopRes
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String The Northeast Consortium encourages and funds cooperative research and monitoring projects in the Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank that have effective, equal partnerships among fishermen, scientists, educators, and marine resource managers.
The Northeast Consortium seeks to fund projects that will be conducted in a responsible manner. Cooperative research projects are designed to minimize any negative impacts to ecosystems or marine organisms, and be consistent with accepted ethical research practices, including the use of animals and human subjects in research, scrutiny of research protocols by an institutional board of review, etc.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Northeast Consortium: Cooperative Research
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2045
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://northeastconsortium.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 1999-01
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager(s)
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v29
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Confirmed right whale identifications in Cape Cod Bay and adjacent waters and sighting histories, from the R/V Shearwater NEC-MB2002-1 (1998-2002), and historical records from 1980 (Northeast Consortium Cooperative Research project).
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Confirmed right whale identifications in Cape Cod Bay and adjacent waters and sighting histories, from the R/V Shearwater NEC-MB2002-1 (1998-2002), and historical records from 1980 (NEC-CoopRes project)
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5-beta
variable year   short  
attribute year _FillValue short 32767
attribute year actual_range short 1980, 2002
attribute year description String year
attribute year ioos_category String Time
attribute year long_name String Year
variable whale_id   String  
attribute whale_id description String identification code for individual Right Whales.
attribute whale_id ioos_category String Identifier
attribute whale_id long_name String Whale Id
variable sex   String  
attribute sex description String M = male
F = female
C = calf
U = unknown sex
nd = not recorded
attribute sex ioos_category String Biology
attribute sex long_name String Sex
variable region   String  
attribute region description String B-Browns Bank
F-Fundy
O-Gulf of Maine
G-Great South Channel
J-Jeffreys Ledge
M-Cape Cod/Mass. Bays
A-Mid Atlantic
N-North
S-SE US.
M(PH)-Peaked Hill NE of Truro
M(STB)-Stellwagen
Bank/Wildcat Knoll
X-area unknown
attribute region ioos_category String Location
attribute region long_name String Region

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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