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Title Sum-
RSS Institution Dataset ID
   set  data   graph     files  public Annual health surveys of the sea fan Gorgonia ventalina in La Parguera, Puerto Rico from 2006-
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Sampling and Analytical Methodology:
Sixteen 20 square-meter band transects were randomly laid (4 transects per
depth) at two reefs in La Parguera, PR, Media Luna (3 to 18 m depths) and Buoy
(18 to 25 m depths). Surveys occurred annually in September or October from
2006 to 2010 at Media Luna and 2007 to 2010 at Buoy. Along each transect all
apparently healthy G. ventalina colonies and colonies with lesions were
enumerated. Any purple or abnormally colored area on the sea fans was checked
carefully. Lesions were also recorded and described as follows: large
irregular purple spots (aspergillosis-like; full description Work and Aeby
2006), MFPS, predation, bleaching, and other abnormalities. Other
abnormalities included growth anomalies, cyanobacteria, red band disease etc.
Signs of predation by snails (flamingo tongue) and by fireworms were noted,.
Prevalence (the total number of each abnormality divided by the total number
of individuals) of each type of abnormality was calculated per transect,
depth, and year.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 55012
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-0849776
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=0849776 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Dr David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Annual health surveys of Gorgonia ventalina in La Parguera, PR
PI: Drew Harvell (Cornell University)
Co-PI: Laura Mydlarz (University of Texas Arlington)
Version: 14 Sept 2012
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.2d 13 Jun 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2012-09-14T14:59:42Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-03-01T21:37:19Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.3720.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -66.9848
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 17.9349
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 17.8897
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -66.9848
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -67.0489
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_max double 25.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_min double 3.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_positive String down
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_units String m
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3720 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String average, bco, bco-dmo, biological, bleached, bleached_avg, bleached_avg_sd, chemical, data, dataset, depth, dmo, erddap, healthy, healthy_avg, healthy_avg_sd, latitude, lg_purple_spts, lg_purple_spts_avg, lg_purple_spts_avg_sd, log10, longitude, management, mfps, MFPS_avg, MFPS_avg_sd, MFPS_log10, month, oceanography, office, other_avg, other_avg_sd, predation, predation_avg, predation_avg_sd, preliminary, purple, site, spts, statistics, time, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended
for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data
Contributor, ERD, NOAA, nor the United States Government, nor any
of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or
implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness, of this information.
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/3720 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 17.9349
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'3720': {'lat': 'master - latitude', 'depth': 'flag - depth', 'lon': 'master - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/3720/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Cornell University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String Cornell
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Dr Drew Harvell
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51556
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Texas at Arlington
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UT Arlington
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Dr Laura Mydlarz
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51558
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Cornell University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String Cornell
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Dr Colleen Burge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 51557
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Influence of Temperature and Acidification on the Dynamics of Coral Co-Infection and Resistance
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Climate_CoralDisease
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5).
Coral reef ecosystems are highly endangered by recent increases in temperature and by projected increases in ocean acidification. Although temperature has been identified as a driver of some coral disease outbreaks, nothing is known about direct effects of acidification on host immunity and pathogen virulence, or the potential for synergism with temperature. Natural coral populations often suffer from simultaneous infection by multiple pathogens that can also influence host immune responses, but co-infection dynamics have not been investigated in invertebrate systems lacking classical adaptive immunity. Changing climate will very likely influence the outcome of single and co-infection.
This project will investigate the influence of environmental stress on co-infection dynamics of the sea fan coral, Gorgonia ventalina, with a fungal pathogen, Aspergillus sydowii and a protist parasite, SPX. The goal is to identify the mechanisms through which multiple infections, temperature and acidification modify host resistance, leading to changes in within- and among-colony rates of disease spread.
The objectives of this project are to:
(1) Identify incidence and co-infection frequency of Aspergillus sydowii and SPX. Detailed field surveys of the two diseases will test the hypothesis that co-infection is significant, provide valuable information about drivers of aspergillosis, and will help to characterize an emerging new sea fan disease.
(2) Investigate how co-infection influences sea fan susceptibility, resistance, and within host disease dynamics. Through manipulative lab inoculation experiments we will test the hypothesis that single infections increase susceptibility to a second pathogen.
(3) Examine the effects of temperature increase and ocean acidification on pathogen virulence, on underlying host resistance, and on the dynamics of single and co-infections.
The hypotheses that acidification will increase pathogen virulence and host susceptibility will be tested in a temperature and pH controlled experimental system. This system will also allow the potential synergistic effects of temperature and acidification on host immunity and co-infection dynamics to be explored. The primary intellectual merit of the proposed work will be a greater understanding of how changing climate mediates co-infection and immunity in a non-model invertebrate. While fungal pathogens are primarily opportunistic, labyrinthulid protozoans are recognized as primary pathogens in shellfish. Even in shellfish, little is known about co-infections involving labyrinthulids, and these protists are entirely unstudied in corals.
Publications associated with this project:
Burge CA, Douglas N, Conti-Jerpe I, Weil E, Roberts S, Friedman CS & CD Harvell. (May 2012) Friend or foe: the association of Labyrinthulomycetes with the Caribbean sea fan, Gorgonia ventalina. Dis Aquat Org. 101:1-12. doi: 10.3354/dao02487
Burge CA, Mouchka, ME, Harvell, CD & S Roberts. (In review) Immune response of the Caribbean sea fan, Gorgonia ventalina exposed to an Aplanochytrium parasite as revealed by transcriptome sequencing.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2012-07
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Florida Keys & Puerto Rico
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Influence of Temperature and Acidification on the Dynamics of Coral Co-Infection and Resistance
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2232
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2009-08
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager(s)
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 17.8897
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v29
attribute NC_GLOBAL subsetVariables String month
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Health surveys of the sea fan Gorgonia ventalina were carried out from 2006 to 2010 at two coral reefs in La Parguera, Puerto Rico. The proportions of healthy and abnormal G. ventalina colonies along survey transects are reported.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Annual health surveys of the sea fan Gorgonia ventalina in La Parguera, Puerto Rico from 2006-2010
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -67.0489
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5-beta
variable site   String  
attribute site description String Name of the reef where sampling occurred.
attribute site ioos_category String Unknown
attribute site long_name String Site
attribute site units String text
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 17.8897, 17.9349
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String Latitude of the site. North = positive.
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -67.0489, -66.9848
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String Longitude of the site. West = negative.
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable year   short  
attribute year _FillValue short 32767
attribute year actual_range short 2006, 2010
attribute year description String 4-digit year of the survey. in�YYYY format
attribute year ioos_category String Time
attribute year long_name String Year
attribute year units String unitless
variable month   String  
attribute month description String 2-digit month of the survey.
attribute month ioos_category String Time
attribute month long_name String Month
attribute month units String mm (01 to 12)
variable depth   double  
attribute depth _CoordinateAxisType String Height
attribute depth _CoordinateZisPositive String down
attribute depth _FillValue double NaN
attribute depth actual_range double 3.0, 25.0
attribute depth axis String Z
attribute depth colorBarMaximum double 8000.0
attribute depth colorBarMinimum double -8000.0
attribute depth colorBarPalette String TopographyDepth
attribute depth description String Depth of the survey.
attribute depth ioos_category String Location
attribute depth long_name String Depth
attribute depth positive String down
attribute depth standard_name String depth
attribute depth units String m
variable healthy_avg   float  
attribute healthy_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute healthy_avg actual_range float 18.0, 74.66
attribute healthy_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which were healthy.
attribute healthy_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute healthy_avg long_name String Healthy Avg
attribute healthy_avg units String %
variable bleached_avg   float  
attribute bleached_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute bleached_avg actual_range float 0.0, 14.03
attribute bleached_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which were bleached.
attribute bleached_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute bleached_avg long_name String Bleached Avg
attribute bleached_avg units String %
variable lg_purple_spts_avg   float  
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg actual_range float 3.67, 49.58
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which had Large Purple Spots.
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg long_name String Lg Purple Spts Avg
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg units String %
variable MFPS_avg   float  
attribute MFPS_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute MFPS_avg actual_range float 0.0, 47.75
attribute MFPS_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which had multi-focal purple spots (MFPS).
attribute MFPS_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute MFPS_avg long_name String MFPS Avg
attribute MFPS_avg units String %
variable predation_avg   float  
attribute predation_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute predation_avg actual_range float 0.0, 13.33
attribute predation_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which showed signs of predation.
attribute predation_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute predation_avg long_name String Predation Avg
attribute predation_avg units String %
variable other_avg   float  
attribute other_avg _FillValue float NaN
attribute other_avg actual_range float 0.0, 18.94
attribute other_avg description String Average percentage of sea fans per depth which had other abnormalities. See Acquisition Description.
attribute other_avg ioos_category String Unknown
attribute other_avg long_name String Other Avg
attribute other_avg units String %
variable healthy_avg_sd   float  
attribute healthy_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute healthy_avg_sd actual_range float 5.44, 31.21
attribute healthy_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute healthy_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute healthy_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of healthy_avg.
attribute healthy_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute healthy_avg_sd long_name String Healthy Avg Sd
attribute healthy_avg_sd units String %
variable bleached_avg_sd   float  
attribute bleached_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute bleached_avg_sd actual_range float 0.0, 10.97
attribute bleached_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute bleached_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute bleached_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of bleached_avg.
attribute bleached_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute bleached_avg_sd long_name String Bleached Avg Sd
attribute bleached_avg_sd units String %
variable lg_purple_spts_avg_sd   float  
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd actual_range float 2.22, 38.01
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of lg_purple_spts_avg.
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd long_name String Lg Purple Spts Avg Sd
attribute lg_purple_spts_avg_sd units String %
variable MFPS_avg_sd   float  
attribute MFPS_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute MFPS_avg_sd actual_range float 0.0, 37.5
attribute MFPS_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute MFPS_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute MFPS_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of MFPS_avg.
attribute MFPS_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute MFPS_avg_sd long_name String MFPS Avg Sd
attribute MFPS_avg_sd units String %
variable predation_avg_sd   float  
attribute predation_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute predation_avg_sd actual_range float 0.0, 16.67
attribute predation_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute predation_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute predation_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of predation_avg.
attribute predation_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute predation_avg_sd long_name String Predation Avg Sd
attribute predation_avg_sd units String %
variable other_avg_sd   float  
attribute other_avg_sd _FillValue float NaN
attribute other_avg_sd actual_range float 0.0, 21.43
attribute other_avg_sd colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute other_avg_sd colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute other_avg_sd description String Standard deviation of other_avg.
attribute other_avg_sd ioos_category String Statistics
attribute other_avg_sd long_name String Other Avg Sd
attribute other_avg_sd units String %
variable healthy   float  
attribute healthy _FillValue float NaN
attribute healthy actual_range float 0.0, 100.0
attribute healthy description String Percent healthy per transect.
attribute healthy ioos_category String Unknown
attribute healthy long_name String Healthy
attribute healthy units String %
variable bleached   float  
attribute bleached _FillValue float NaN
attribute bleached actual_range float 0.0, 25.0
attribute bleached description String Percent bleached per transect.
attribute bleached ioos_category String Unknown
attribute bleached long_name String Bleached
attribute bleached units String %
variable lg_purple_spts   float  
attribute lg_purple_spts _FillValue float NaN
attribute lg_purple_spts actual_range float 0.0, 100.0
attribute lg_purple_spts description String Percent large purple spots (i.e. Aspergillosis-like) per transect.
attribute lg_purple_spts ioos_category String Unknown
attribute lg_purple_spts long_name String Lg Purple Spts
attribute lg_purple_spts units String %
variable MFPS   float  
attribute MFPS _FillValue float NaN
attribute MFPS actual_range float 0.0, 75.0
attribute MFPS description String Percent multi-focal purple spots (MFPS) per transect.
attribute MFPS ioos_category String Unknown
attribute MFPS long_name String MFPS
attribute MFPS units String %
variable predation   float  
attribute predation _FillValue float NaN
attribute predation actual_range float 0.0, 33.33
attribute predation description String Percent sea fans with signs of predation per transect.
attribute predation ioos_category String Unknown
attribute predation long_name String Predation
attribute predation units String %
variable other   float  
attribute other _FillValue float NaN
attribute other actual_range float 0.0, 42.86
attribute other description String Percent sea fans with other abnormalities per transect. See Acquisition Description.
attribute other ioos_category String Unknown
attribute other long_name String Other
attribute other units String %
variable MFPS_log10   float  
attribute MFPS_log10 _FillValue float NaN
attribute MFPS_log10 actual_range float 0.0, 1.88
attribute MFPS_log10 description String log 10 transformed percent MFPS per transect.
attribute MFPS_log10 ioos_category String Unknown
attribute MFPS_log10 long_name String MFPS Log10
attribute MFPS_log10 units String %

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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