Accessing BCO-DMO data
log in    
Brought to you by BCO-DMO    

ERDDAP > info > bcodmo_dataset_3908

Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Record of lionfish handled/collected during surveys near Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas from
2009-2011 (Lionfish Invasion project)
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_3908

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String From 2009 to 2011, biological information was recorded for all lionfish
(Pterois volitans) that were handled (collected) in the vicinity of Lee
Stocking Island, Bahamas for various sub-projects within the project titled
\"Ecological Release and Resistance at Sea: Invasion of Atlantic Coral Reefs
by Pacific Lionfish\". All lionfish that were handled for a specific sub-
project were assigned a unique lionfish ID number (fish_id).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 55160
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-0851162
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=0851162 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Lionfish Collections Record, 2009-2011
from Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas
(From sub-project "Lionfish sightings and collections record")
Lead PI: Mark Hixon (OSU)
Sub-Project Co-Leads: Timothy J. Pusack & Mark A. Albins (OSU)
Version: 09 April 2013
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2013-04-09T17:22:02Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-10-29T16:28:30Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.3908.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -76.02326
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 23.8313
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 23.67021
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -76.02326
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -76.2684
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_max double 55.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_min double 1.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_positive String down
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_units String m
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3908 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, clipped, collected, damage, data, dataset, date, date_collected, date_measured, date_moved, date_status, depth, dmo, dorsal, dorsal_spine_clipped, elastomer, erddap, est, fish, fish_id, latitude, len, len_tot, len_tot_est, len_tot_plus_damage, location_moved, longitude, management, mass, measured, moved, notes, num, oceanography, office, person, plus, preliminary, recapture, recapture_notes, site, spine, status, streamer1, streamer2, tag, tag_elastomer, tag_num, tag_streamer1, tag_streamer2, tag_tbar, tbar, tot, used, used_for, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3908/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/3908 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 23.8313
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'3908': {'lat': 'master - latitude', 'depth': 'master - depth', 'lon': 'master - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/3908/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Oregon State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String OSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Mark Hixon
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51647
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Lead Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Oregon State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String OSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Mark A Albins
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51666
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Scientist
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Oregon State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String OSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Timothy J Pusack
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 51671
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Scientist
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Lionfish Invasion
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Lionfish Invasion
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Invasive species are increasingly introduced by human activities to new regions of the world where those species have never existed previously. In the absence of natural enemies (predators, competitors, and diseases) from their homeland, invasives may have strong negative effects on invaded ecosystems, especially systems with fewer species ("ecological release"), and may even drive native species extinct. However, if native natural enemies can somehow control the invaders ("ecological resistance"), then ecological disruption can be prevented or at least moderated. Most of the many invasive species in the sea have been seaweeds and invertebrates, and the few documented invasive marine fishes have not caused major problems. However, this situation has recently changed in a stunning and ominous way. In the early 1990s, lionfish (Pterois volitans) from the Pacific Ocean were accidentally or intentionally released from aquaria to the ocean in the vicinity of Florida. Camouflaged by shape and color, protected by venomous spines, consuming native coral-reef fishes voraciously, and reproducing rapidly, lionfish have subsequently undergone a population explosion. They now range from the mid-Atlantic coast of the US to the Caribbean, including the Bahamas. Native Atlantic fishes have never before encountered this spiny, stealthy, efficient predator and seldom take evasive action. In fact, the investigator has documented that a single lionfish is capable of reducing the abundance of small fish on a small coral patch reef by nearly 80% in just 5 weeks. There is great concern that invasive lionfish may severely reduce the abundance of native coral-reef fishes important as food for humans (e.g., grouper and snapper in their juvenile stages) as well as species that normally maintain the integrity of coral reefs (e.g., grazing parrotfishes that can prevent seaweeds from smothering corals). There are far more species of coral-reef fish in the Pacific than the Atlantic, so this invasion may represent a case of extreme ecological release with minor ecological resistance. Dr. Hixon and colleagues will study the mechanisms of ecological release in lionfish, as well as examine potential sources of ecological resistance in the heavily invaded Bahamas. Because very little is known about the ecology and behavior of lionfish in their native Pacific range, he will also conduct comparative studies in both oceans, which may provide clues regarding the extreme success of this invasion. In the Bahamas, the investigator will document the direct and indirect effects on native species of the ecological release of lionfish, both as a predator and as a competitor. These studies will be conducted at various scales of time and space, from short-term experiments on small patch reefs, to long-term experiments and observations on large reefs. Whereas direct effects involve mostly changes in the abundance of native species, indirect effects can be highly variable. For example, lionfish may actually indirectly benefit some native species by either consuming or outcompeting the competitors of those natives. The project will explore possible ecological resistance to the invasion by determining whether any native Bahamian species are effective natural enemies of lionfish, including predators, parasites, and competitors of both juvenile and adult lionfish. Comparative studies of natural enemies, as well as lionfish ecology and behavior, in both the Atlantic and the Pacific may provide clues regarding the explosive spread of lionfish in the Atlantic.
Regarding broader impacts, this basic research will provide information valuable to coral-reef and fisheries managers fighting the lionfish invasion in the US, the Bahamas, and the greater Caribbean, especially if sources of native ecological resistance are identified. The study will fund the PhD research of U.S. graduate students, as well as involve assistance and participation by a broad variety of undergraduates and reef/fisheries managers, including women, minorities, native Bahamians, and native Pacific islanders. Participation in this project will promote education in marine ecology and conservation biology directly via Dr. Hixon's and graduate students' teaching and outreach activities, and indirectly via the experiences of undergraduate field assistants and various associates.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2012-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Mariana Islands; Philippines
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Ecological Release and Resistance at Sea: Invasion of Atlantic Coral Reefs by Pacific Lionfish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2256
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://hixon.science.oregonstate.edu/content/highlight-lionfish-invasion (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2009-06
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 23.67021
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Record of lionfish handled/collected during surveys near Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas from 2009-2011.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Record of lionfish handled/collected during surveys near Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas from 2009-2011 (Lionfish Invasion project)
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -76.2684
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable year   short  
attribute year _FillValue short 32767
attribute year actual_range short 2009, 2011
attribute year bcodmo_name String year
attribute year description String Year of collection in YYYY format.
attribute year long_name String Year
attribute year nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/YEARXXXX/ (external link)
attribute year units String unitless
variable site   String  
attribute site bcodmo_name String site
attribute site description String The reef site in the vicinity of Lee Stocking Island Bahamas where the lionfish was collected from.
attribute site long_name String Site
attribute site units String text
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 23.67021, 23.8313
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String Latitude of the reef site.
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -76.2684, -76.02326
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String longitude
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String Longitude of the reef site.
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/ (external link)
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable fish_id   String  
attribute fish_id bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute fish_id description String A unique code given to each lionfish that was collected and used in various experiments. L = lionfish; and the numbers are in order of collection
attribute fish_id long_name String Fish Id
attribute fish_id units String code
variable date_collected   String  
attribute date_collected bcodmo_name String date
attribute date_collected description String The date of collection in mm/dd/yyyy format.
attribute date_collected long_name String Date Collected
attribute date_collected nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date_collected units String unitless
variable location   String  
attribute location bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute location description String The specific location in each site where the lionfish was collected from (note: A-00 to A-15 and T-00 to T-31 are specfiic patch reefs in the artifical and patch reef matrix).
attribute location long_name String Location
attribute location units String text
variable depth   double  
attribute depth _CoordinateAxisType String Height
attribute depth _CoordinateZisPositive String down
attribute depth _FillValue double NaN
attribute depth actual_range double 1.0, 55.0
attribute depth axis String Z
attribute depth bcodmo_name String depth
attribute depth colorBarMaximum double 8000.0
attribute depth colorBarMinimum double -8000.0
attribute depth colorBarPalette String TopographyDepth
attribute depth description String Approximate depth of collection.
attribute depth ioos_category String Location
attribute depth long_name String Depth
attribute depth nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/DEPH/ (external link)
attribute depth positive String down
attribute depth standard_name String depth
attribute depth units String m
variable len_tot_est   float  
attribute len_tot_est _FillValue float NaN
attribute len_tot_est actual_range float 1.5, 35.0
attribute len_tot_est bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute len_tot_est description String Estimated total length of lionfish (in centimeters).
attribute len_tot_est long_name String Len Tot Est
attribute len_tot_est units String cm
variable len_tot   String  
attribute len_tot bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute len_tot description String Measured total length of lionfish (in centimeters).
attribute len_tot long_name String Len Tot
attribute len_tot units String cm
variable len_tot_plus_damage   float  
attribute len_tot_plus_damage _FillValue float NaN
attribute len_tot_plus_damage actual_range float 2.6, 33.0
attribute len_tot_plus_damage bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute len_tot_plus_damage description String Total length plus estimated caudal damage (in centimeters).
attribute len_tot_plus_damage long_name String Len Tot Plus Damage
attribute len_tot_plus_damage units String cm
variable mass   float  
attribute mass _FillValue float NaN
attribute mass actual_range float 0.083, 350.4
attribute mass bcodmo_name String mass
attribute mass description String Measured mass of lionfish.
attribute mass long_name String Mass
attribute mass units String grams
variable date_measured   String  
attribute date_measured bcodmo_name String date
attribute date_measured description String Date that the measurement was taken in mm/dd/yyyy format.
attribute date_measured long_name String Date Measured
attribute date_measured nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date_measured units String unitless
variable location_moved   String  
attribute location_moved bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute location_moved description String Location that the lionfish was moved to.
attribute location_moved long_name String Location Moved
attribute location_moved units String text
variable date_moved   String  
attribute date_moved bcodmo_name String date
attribute date_moved description String Date that the lionfish was moved in mm/dd/yyyy format.
attribute date_moved long_name String Date Moved
attribute date_moved nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date_moved units String unitless
variable status   String  
attribute status bcodmo_name String status
attribute status description String Current state of the lionfish whether it was moved; tagged; clipped; measured; released; or dead.
attribute status long_name String Status
attribute status units String text
variable date_status   String  
attribute date_status bcodmo_name String date
attribute date_status description String Date of the last status update in mm/dd/yyyy format.
attribute date_status long_name String Date Status
attribute date_status nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date_status units String unitless
variable dorsal_spine_clipped   String  
attribute dorsal_spine_clipped bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute dorsal_spine_clipped description String The particular dosal spine(s) that were clipped for identification purposes. The numbers start with the dorsal spin closest to the head of the lionfish and proceed posterially).
attribute dorsal_spine_clipped long_name String Dorsal Spine Clipped
attribute dorsal_spine_clipped units String integer
variable tag_elastomer   String  
attribute tag_elastomer bcodmo_name String tagid
attribute tag_elastomer description String Subcutaneous paint tag given for identification purposes.L- Left SideR- Right Side After the dash:O = ORANGER = REDB = BLACKG = GREENE = BLUEY = YELLOWUM = UPPER MIDDLEUC = UPPER CAUDALLC = LOWER CAUDAL
attribute tag_elastomer long_name String Tag Elastomer
attribute tag_elastomer units String code
variable tag_streamer1   String  
attribute tag_streamer1 bcodmo_name String tagid
attribute tag_streamer1 description String Alphanumeric number on the anterior streamer identification tag.
attribute tag_streamer1 long_name String Tag Streamer1
attribute tag_streamer1 units String alphanumeric
variable tag_streamer2   String  
attribute tag_streamer2 bcodmo_name String tagid
attribute tag_streamer2 description String Alphanumeric number on the posterior streamer identification tag.
attribute tag_streamer2 long_name String Tag Streamer2
attribute tag_streamer2 units String alphanumeric
variable tag_tbar   String  
attribute tag_tbar bcodmo_name String tagid
attribute tag_tbar description String Color code of the identification T-bar tag:BL = bluePU = purpleGR = greenYL = yellowWH = whiteRD = red
attribute tag_tbar long_name String Tag Tbar
attribute tag_tbar units String code
variable tag_num   String  
attribute tag_num bcodmo_name String tagid
attribute tag_num description String Tag number.
attribute tag_num long_name String Tag Num
attribute tag_num units String nd
variable person   String  
attribute person bcodmo_name String person
attribute person description String Initials of the individual(s) that collected the lionfish.
attribute person long_name String Person
attribute person units String text
variable notes   String  
attribute notes bcodmo_name String comment
attribute notes description String Specifies theexperiment that each lionfish was used for.
attribute notes long_name String Notes
attribute notes units String text
variable recapture_notes   String  
attribute recapture_notes bcodmo_name String comment
attribute recapture_notes description String Information obtained when lionfish were recaptured.
attribute recapture_notes long_name String Recapture Notes
attribute recapture_notes units String text
variable used_for   String  
attribute used_for bcodmo_name String comment
attribute used_for description String Specifies theexperiment that each lionfish was used for.
attribute used_for long_name String Used For
attribute used_for units String text

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

ERDDAP, Version 2.02
Disclaimers | Privacy Policy | Contact