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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Fish count data from the Caroline Islands and the Federal States of Micronesia collected from
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Surveys were conducted using snorkel on the reef crest and the reef table, in
shallow sites at depths between 1.5 and 3 meters.

Fish community characterization

All fish were identified to the species level and counted along 50 m
transects, in the same habitat and area as the quadrats, parallel to the reef
crest and in 1.5-5 m in depth. The transect count area extended from the sea
floor to the surface of the water column and consisted of at least two 50 m
long swaths surveyed sequentially at each site. For all transects in all
years, the same diver Hirst counted mobile fish on a 5 m wide swath, before
returning along the same transect and counting cryptic benthic fishes on a 1 m
wide swath. The total lengths of all fishes were estimated to the nearest cm.
For analysis of fish community structure, fish species were
classified\u00a0into one of Hive trophic guilds: 1. herbivores, 2.
planktivores, 3. corallivores, 4. carnivores, and 5. piscivores. Species that
have a wider trophic range (omnivores) were categorized by their main food
preference according to the 5 categories mentioned above. Biomass was
estimated using the published length/weight relationships most appropriate for
the region (Adam et al., 2011; Froese & Pauly, 2000; Kulbicki et al., 2005).
Sharks and large rays were occasionally seen on transects, but their overall
low abundance makes band transects a poor approach to estimate their actual
numbers and contribution to biomass. Therefore elasmobranchs were recorded,
but not included in our calculations here.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 658966
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1546374
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1546374 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Fish data
G. Bernardi & N. Crane, PIs
Version 9 March 2017
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2017-03-11T01:38:30Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-04-04T15:02:59Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.684177.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/684177 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Used to capture quadrats
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 684185
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String All types of photographic equipment including stills, video, film and digital systems.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/311/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 520
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, count, data, dataset, date, dmo, erddap, management, morph, oceanography, office, phase, preliminary, site, size, species, time, time2, transect, transect_width, type, width
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/684177/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/684177 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'684177': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/684177/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String University of California-Santa Cruz
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String UC Santa Cruz
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Giacomo Bernardi
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 658968
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Cabrillo College
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Nicole Crane
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 658964
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Cabrillo College
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Nicole Crane
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 658964
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Hannah Ake
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 650173
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String DisturbImpactsCoral
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String DisturbImpactsCoral
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Extracted from the NSF award abstract:
Ulithi Atoll, in the Federated States of Micronesia, is the fourth largest Atoll in the world, and was an important staging area for the US Navy 3rd fleet during WWII. The Atoll contains dynamic coral reefs, and communities of people that depend on them. Ulithi has been subjected to a number of human and natural disturbances, including Typhoon Ophelia that hit in 1960. Local fishermen believe that this event started an invasion process by a 'weedy' invasive coral that covers reefs, and removes essential habitat for fish and octopus, potentially threatening these ecosystems. Four years ago, local people invited the investigators to Ulithi to study the reefs and work together to enhance fisheries and reef health. The investigators sequenced the invading coral DNA and identified it as a new species of Montipora. However, its invasion dynamics remain a mystery. In early April 2015, Ulithi was hit again by a major disturbance: super Typhoon Maysak. The Typhoon destroyed most structures on the island, and removed much of the coral formations visible from shore. Using their baseline data of the past four years, the investigators, along with a team of students, seek to map the effect of the Typhoon on the invasive Montipora. Using genomic sequencing, they hope to better understand the role of Typhoon Maysak on the establishment and dispersal of this invasive coral. This project provides a unique opportunity to study the effects of a rare event, and invasion processes, and to broadly disseminate findings, raising awareness about coral reefs, climate change, and unique human-natural coupled systems. 
Super typhoon Maysak struck Ulithi Atoll on March 31, 2015, where an invasive/outbreak species of Montipora has affected shallow coral reefs over at least the last 50 years. The research the investigators propose will elucidate the effects of this rare but high impact event on a biological invasion using genomics and reef sampling to investigate Micronesian reefs that were dominated by Montipora before the typhoon, and more 'pristine' reefs where Montipora was absent or in low densities. The investigators will be relating these findings to existing data that were collected from these sites over the past four years. These studies will advance our understanding of biological invasions in coral reef systems, explore the unusual occurrence of a coral species as an outbreak organism, and contribute to our knowledge of how high impact, episodic disturbances - likely to increase in frequency with the advance of global climate change - may affect threated coral reef ecosystems world-wide.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2017-07
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Ulithi Atoll, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Western Pacific Ocean, Caroline Islands
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String The impact of a large episodic disturbance on an invasive (outbreak) coral: Will Typhoon Maysak promote or suppress an invasive Montipora sp. Coral on reefs of Ulithi Atoll, Federated States of Micronesia?
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 658965
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://onepeopleonereef.ucsc.edu (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-08
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Fish count data from the Caroline Islands and the Federal States of Micronesia collected from 2012-2014.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Fish count data from the Caroline Islands and the Federal States of Micronesia collected from 2012-2014.
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable species   String  
attribute species bcodmo_name String species
attribute species description String Species of fish counted
attribute species long_name String Species
attribute species units String unitless
variable site   String  
attribute site bcodmo_name String site
attribute site description String Site of sampling
attribute site long_name String Site
attribute site units String unitless
variable date   String  
attribute date bcodmo_name String date
attribute date description String Date of sampling; YYYY/MM/DD
attribute date long_name String Date
attribute date nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date units String unitless
variable time2   String  
attribute time2 bcodmo_name String time
attribute time2 description String Time of sampling; In some cases, the time is formatted as HH:MM, and in other cases it is just indicated if sampling occurred in the morning or the afternoon (AM or PM).
attribute time2 long_name String Time
attribute time2 nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/AHMSAA01/ (external link)
attribute time2 units String unitless
variable transect   String  
attribute transect bcodmo_name String transect
attribute transect description String Transect swam
attribute transect long_name String Transect
attribute transect units String unitless
variable transect_width   String  
attribute transect_width bcodmo_name String transect
attribute transect_width description String Width of transect swam
attribute transect_width long_name String Transect Width
attribute transect_width units String meters
variable type   String  
attribute type bcodmo_name String species
attribute type description String Trophic level of fish; 1. herbivores 2. planktivores 3. corallivores 4. carnivores and 5. piscivores. Species that have a wider trophic range (omnivores)
were categorized by their main
attribute type long_name String Type
attribute type units String unitless
variable morph   String  
attribute morph bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute morph description String Morphology of fish; color and appearance
attribute morph long_name String Morph
attribute morph units String unitless
variable phase   String  
attribute phase bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute phase description String Phase of fish counted
attribute phase long_name String Phase
attribute phase units String unitless
variable size   short  
attribute size _FillValue short 32767
attribute size actual_range short 7, 2000
attribute size bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute size description String Size category of fish observed
attribute size long_name String Size
attribute size units String mm
variable count   short  
attribute count _FillValue short 32767
attribute count actual_range short 1, 700
attribute count bcodmo_name String count
attribute count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute count description String Count of species in particular size class
attribute count long_name String Count
attribute count units String count

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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