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     data   graph     files  public Benthic data collected in and out of MPA borders in Viti Levu, Fiji from 2010-2012    ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_706063

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Surveys of benthic community composition were conducted to assess habitat
differences inside and outside of each MPA border and the relationship between
coral cover and\u00a0Acanthaster\u00a0displacement at each border. Surveys
used 40 m point intercept transects (n\u00a0= 20 transects
border-1\u00a0MPA-1, points at 0.5 m intervals, 1,600 points border\u00a0-1)
that were non-overlapping (mean distance between transects = ~12 m) and
oriented parallel to the coastline, with the midpoint (20 m) of each transect
positioned on the MPA border (20 m within the MPA and 20 m within the fished
area).\u00a0
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 480718
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-0929119
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=0929119 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_nid String 674109
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_number String U01-TW007401
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_data_url String https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?icde=0&aid=7741942 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funder_name String National Institutes of Health
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_acronym String NIH
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_source_nid String 636502
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager String Flora Katz
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager_nid String 674108
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Benthic Cover Data
M. Hay and C. Clements, PIs
Version 23 June 2016
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2017-06-26T16:12:34Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2020-01-27T16:48:45Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.706063.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/706063 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String area, bco, bco-dmo, biological, border, chemical, coral, coral_count, coral_percent_cover, count, cover, data, dataset, dead, dead_coral_count, dead_coral_percent_cover, dmo, erddap, macroalgae, macroalgae_count, macroalgae_percent_cover, management, oceanography, office, other_count, other_percent_cover, percent, preliminary, rock, rock_count, rock_percent_cover, rubble, rubble_sand_count, rubble_sand_percent_cover, sand, transect, village
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/706063/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/706063 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'706063': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/706063/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Georgia Institute of Technology
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String Georgia Tech
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Mark Hay
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 480720
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Georgia Institute of Technology
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String Georgia Tech
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Cody Clements
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 705877
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Georgia Institute of Technology
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String Georgia Tech
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Mark Hay
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 480720
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Hannah Ake
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 650173
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Killer Seaweeds
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Killer Seaweeds
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Extracted from the NSF award abstract:
Coral reefs are in dramatic global decline, with reefs commonly converting from species-rich and topographically-complex communities dominated by corals to species- poor and topographically-simplified communities dominated by seaweeds. These phase-shifts result in fundamental loss of ecosystem function. Despite debate about whether coral-to-algal transitions are commonly a primary cause, or simply a consequence, of coral mortality, rigorous field investigation of seaweed-coral competition has received limited attention. There is limited information on how the outcome of seaweed-coral competition varies among species or the relative importance of different competitive mechanisms in facilitating seaweed dominance. In an effort to address this topic, the PI will conduct field experiments in the tropical South Pacific (Fiji) to determine the effects of seaweeds on corals when in direct contact, which seaweeds are most damaging to corals, the role allelopathic lipids that are transferred via contact in producing these effects, the identity and surface concentrations of these metabolites, and the dynamic nature of seaweed metabolite production and coral response following contact. The herbivorous fishes most responsible for controlling allelopathic seaweeds will be identified, the roles of seaweed metabolites in allelopathy vs herbivore deterrence will be studied, and the potential for better managing and conserving critical reef herbivores so as to slow or reverse conversion of coral reef to seaweed meadows will be examined.
Preliminary results indicate that seaweeds may commonly damage corals via lipid- soluble allelochemicals. Such chemically-mediated interactions could kill or damage adult corals and produce the suppression of coral fecundity and recruitment noted by previous investigators and could precipitate positive feedback mechanisms making reef recovery increasingly unlikely as seaweed abundance increases. Chemically-mediated seaweed-coral competition may play a critical role in the degradation of present-day coral reefs. Increasing information on which seaweeds are most aggressive to corals and which herbivores best limit these seaweeds may prove useful in better managing reefs to facilitate resilience and possible recovery despite threats of global-scale stresses. Fiji is well positioned to rapidly use findings from this project for better management of reef resources because it has already erected >260 MPAs, Fijian villagers have already bought-in to the value of MPAs, and the Fiji Locally-Managed Marine Area (FLMMA) Network is well organized to get information to villagers in a culturally sensitive and useful manner.
The broader impacts of this project are far reaching. The project provides training opportunities for 2-2.5 Ph.D students and 1 undergraduate student each year in the interdisciplinary areas of marine ecology, marine conservation, and marine chemical ecology. Findings from this project will be immediately integrated into classes at Ga Tech and made available throughout Fiji via a foundation and web site that have already set-up to support marine conservation efforts in Fiji and marine education efforts both within Fiji and internationally. Business and community leaders from Atlanta (via Rotary International Service efforts) have been recruited to help organize and fund community service and outreach projects in Fiji -- several of which are likely to involve marine conservation and education based in part on these efforts there. Media outlets (National Geographic, NPR, Animal Planet, Audubon Magazine, etc.) and local Rotary clubs will be used to better disseminate these discoveries to the public.
PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH
Rasher DB, Stout EP, Engel S, Kubanek J, and ME Hay. "Macroalgal terpenes function as allelopathic agents against reef corals", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 108, 2011, p. 17726.
Beattie AJ, ME Hay, B Magnusson, R de Nys, J Smeathers, JFV Vincent. "Ecology and bioprospecting," Austral Ecology, v.36, 2011, p. 341.
Rasher DB and ME Hay. "Seaweed allelopathy degrades the resilience and function of coral reefs," Communicative and Integrative Biology, v.3, 2010.
Hay ME, Rasher DB. "Corals in crisis," The Scientist, v.24, 2010, p. 42.
Hay ME and DB Rasher. "Coral reefs in crisis: reversing the biotic death spiral," Faculty 1000 Biology Reports 2010, v.2, 2010.
Rasher DB and ME Hay. "Chemically rich seaweeds poison corals when not controlled by herbivores", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.107, 2010, p. 9683.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2014-08
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Viti Levu, Fiji (18�13.049’S, 177�42.968’E)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Killer Seaweeds: Allelopathy against Fijian Corals
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 480717
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2009-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Benthic data collected in and out of MPA borders in Viti Levu, Fiji from 2010-2012
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Benthic data collected in and out of MPA borders in Viti Levu, Fiji from 2010-2012
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable village   String  
attribute village bcodmo_name String site
attribute village description String The village site where the data were collected on the Coral Coast of Viti Levu, Fiji
attribute village long_name String Village
attribute village units String unitless
variable border   String  
attribute border bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute border description String The MPA border where surveys benthic cover survey was conducted
attribute border long_name String Border
attribute border units String unitless
variable area   String  
attribute area bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute area description String The reef area at each village site where the data were collected
attribute area long_name String Area
attribute area units String unitless
variable transect   byte  
attribute transect _FillValue byte 127
attribute transect actual_range byte 1, 40
attribute transect bcodmo_name String transect
attribute transect description String The individual transect on each village's MPA border where benthic cover data were collected
attribute transect long_name String Transect
attribute transect units String unitless
variable coral_count   byte  
attribute coral_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute coral_count actual_range byte 0, 17
attribute coral_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute coral_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute coral_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute coral_count description String Coral cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute coral_count long_name String Coral Count
attribute coral_count units String count
variable dead_coral_count   byte  
attribute dead_coral_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute dead_coral_count actual_range byte 0, 8
attribute dead_coral_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute dead_coral_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute dead_coral_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute dead_coral_count description String Dead coral cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute dead_coral_count long_name String Dead Coral Count
attribute dead_coral_count units String count
variable macroalgae_count   byte  
attribute macroalgae_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute macroalgae_count actual_range byte 0, 32
attribute macroalgae_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute macroalgae_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute macroalgae_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute macroalgae_count description String Macrolagae cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute macroalgae_count long_name String Macroalgae Count
attribute macroalgae_count units String count
variable rock_count   byte  
attribute rock_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute rock_count actual_range byte 0, 23
attribute rock_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute rock_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute rock_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute rock_count description String Rock cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute rock_count long_name String Rock Count
attribute rock_count units String count
variable rubble_sand_count   byte  
attribute rubble_sand_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute rubble_sand_count actual_range byte 3, 38
attribute rubble_sand_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute rubble_sand_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute rubble_sand_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute rubble_sand_count description String Rubble/sand cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute rubble_sand_count long_name String Rubble Sand Count
attribute rubble_sand_count units String count
variable other_count   byte  
attribute other_count _FillValue byte 127
attribute other_count actual_range byte 0, 8
attribute other_count bcodmo_name String count
attribute other_count colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute other_count colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute other_count description String Other cover data (counts) from each point-intercept-transect (40 points per transect)
attribute other_count long_name String Other Count
attribute other_count units String count
variable coral_percent_cover   float  
attribute coral_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute coral_percent_cover actual_range float 0.0, 42.5
attribute coral_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute coral_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute coral_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute coral_percent_cover description String Coral cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute coral_percent_cover long_name String Coral Percent Cover
attribute coral_percent_cover units String percent
variable dead_coral_percent_cover   float  
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover actual_range float 0.0, 20.0
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover description String Dead coral cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover long_name String Dead Coral Percent Cover
attribute dead_coral_percent_cover units String percent
variable macroalgae_percent_cover   float  
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover actual_range float 0.0, 80.0
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover description String Macrolagae cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover long_name String Macroalgae Percent Cover
attribute macroalgae_percent_cover units String percent
variable rock_percent_cover   float  
attribute rock_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute rock_percent_cover actual_range float 0.0, 57.5
attribute rock_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute rock_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute rock_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute rock_percent_cover description String Rock cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute rock_percent_cover long_name String Rock Percent Cover
attribute rock_percent_cover units String percent
variable rubble_sand_percent_cover   float  
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover actual_range float 7.5, 95.0
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover description String Rubble/sand cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover long_name String Rubble Sand Percent Cover
attribute rubble_sand_percent_cover units String percent
variable other_percent_cover   float  
attribute other_percent_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute other_percent_cover actual_range float 0.0, 20.0
attribute other_percent_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute other_percent_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute other_percent_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute other_percent_cover description String Other cover data (percent) from each point-intercept-transect
attribute other_percent_cover long_name String Other Percent Cover
attribute other_percent_cover units String percent

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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