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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Trajectories of fifty-five biodegradable drifters in the Belizean Barrier Reef.    ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_729896

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson,.odvTxt
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Methodology:

Methodology\u00a0is explained in\u00a0[Lindo-Atichati et al.
As a brief summary, we constructed a hierarchy of four ocean-atmosphere models
operating at multiple scales within a 1 \u00d7 1 deg domain of the Belizean
Barrier Reef. The four models are: 1) A Low-resolution Ocean model and Low-
resolution Atmospheric model (LOLA); (2) A High-resolution Ocean model and
Low-resolution Atmospheric model (HOLA); (3) A High-resolution Ocean model and
High-resolution Atmospheric model (HOHA); (4) A High-resolution Ocean model
and High-resolution Atmospheric model with Tidal forcing (HOHAT). The ocean
models are based on the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM, Bleck, 2002;
Chassignet et al., 2003; Wallcraft et al., 2009). The atmospheric models are
based on the non-hydrostatic Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and on the
Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS). The drifter
data was from surface drifters provided by the Consortium for Advanced
Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon in the Environment

Sampling and analytical procedures:

From May 30 to July 2 of 2013, 55 drifter deployments were made at 1\u20135 km
off a 40 km stretch of the BBR centered on South Water Caye (16.82 deg N,
87.97 deg W) (Fig. 2 b and c of\u00a0[Lindo-Atichati et al
The hierarchy of four ocean-atmosphere models were used for the larger area
from 16.35 to 17.30 deg N, and from 87.48 to 88.47 deg W (Fig. 1 of\u00a0
[Lindo-Atichati et al


The drifters are drogued at 40 cm and designed to sample the near-surface
current while minimizing windage. They are tracked using Global Positioning
System (GPS) every second with 5 m accuracy. The GT-31 GPS receivers are set
in a waterproof housing attached to the drifter.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 544434
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1260424
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1260424 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Drifter data
P. Buston, C. Paris, and D. Lindo-Atichati, PIs
Version 14 March 2018
Column "orig_file_name" contains UTC start date and time
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-03-08T17:48:35Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-04-10T15:23:53Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.729896.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double 88.07614
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 16.84848333
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 16.62419667
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double 88.07614
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double 88.03578833
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/729896 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Used to collect GPS data
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 729904
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String Acquires satellite signals and tracks your location.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String GPS receiver
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 706037
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String GPSMAP 76Cx (Garmin)
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String altitude, altitude_units, atmosphere, bco, bco-dmo, biological, checksum, checksum_data, chemical, data, dataset, date, dmo, earth, Earth Science > Atmosphere > Altitude > Station Height, erddap, file, fix, fix_quality, geoid, geoid_units, global, gps, GPS_dataType, hdop, height, iso, ISO_DateTime_UTC, latitude, longitude, management, name, number, oceanography, office, orig, orig_file_name, positioning, preliminary, quality, satellite, satellite_number, science, station, system, time, type, units, UTC_time
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/729896/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/729896 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 16.84848333
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'729896': {'lat': 'master - latitude', 'lon': 'master - longitude', 'ISO_DateTime_UTC': 'master - time'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/729896/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Boston University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String BU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Dr Peter Buston
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 544437
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UM-RSMAS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Dr David Lindo-Atichati
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 729908
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String UM-RSMAS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Dr Claire B Paris
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 472643
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Boston University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String BU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Dr Peter Buston
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 544437
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation String City University of New York, Graduate Center
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation_acronym String GC CUNY
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_name String Dr David Lindo-Atichati
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_nid String 729908
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_person_name String Hannah Ake
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_person_nid String 650173
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_5_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Elacatinus Dispersal I
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Elacatinus Dispersal I
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Understanding the patterns, causes and consequences of larval dispersal is a major goal of 21st century marine ecology. Patterns of dispersal determine the rates of larval exchange, or connectivity, between populations. Both physical factors (e.g., water movement) and biological factors (e.g., larval behavior) cause variation in population connectivity. Population connectivity, in turn, has major consequences for all aspects of an organism's biology, from individual behavior to metapopulation dynamics, and from evolution within metapopulations to the origin and extinction of species. Further, understanding population connectivity is critical for the design of effective networks of marine reserves, creation of vital tools in conservation, and the development of sustainable fisheries.
Over the last decade, three methods, each of which tells something slightly different, have emerged as leading contenders to provide the greatest insights into population connectivity. First, coupled biophysical models make assumptions regarding water flow, larval behavior and ecology, to predict population connectivity. Second, indirect genetic methods use spatial distributions of allele frequencies to infer population connectivity. Third, direct genetic methods use parentage analyses, tracing recruits to specific adults, to measure population connectivity. Despite advances, lack of integration means that we do not know the predictive skill of biophysical models, or the extent to which patterns of dispersal predict spatial genetic structure. The overall objective of this proposal is to conduct an integrated investigation of population connectivity, using all three methods in one tractable system: the neon goby, Elacatinus lori, on the Belizean Barrier Reef. There are three motives for this choice of study system: i) fourteen highly polymorphic microsatellite loci have been developed, facilitating the assignment of recruits to parents using parentage analyses and the measurement of dispersal; ii) the physical oceanography of the Belizean Barrier Reef is well-studied, facilitating the development and testing of coupled biophysical models; and, iii) E. lori has a relatively small biogeographic range, facilitating analysis of the spatial distribution of allele frequencies throughout its range.
Broader Impacts. The grant will support one postdoc and two graduate students who will be trained in scientific diving, marine fieldwork, population genetics, biophysical modeling, and mathematical modeling, and will gain collaborative research experience. PIs will incorporate research findings in their courses, which cover all these topics. The grant will also broaden participation of under-represented groups by supporting six undergraduates from groups traditionally underrepresented in STEM fields. In each year of the project there will be an All Participants meeting to reinforce the network of participants. A project website will be developed, in English and Spanish, on the theme of larval dispersal and population connectivity. This will include a resource for K-12 marine science educators developed in collaboration with a marine science educator. All PIs will ensure that results are broadly disseminated to the scientific community and general public via appropriate forms of media.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2017-02
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Belizean Barrier Reef System (16.803 degrees North 88.096 degrees West)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String An Integrative Investigation of Population Connectivity Using a Coral Reef Fish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 544435
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://people.bu.edu/buston/lab/Welcome.html (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2013-03
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 16.62419667
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Trajectories of fifty-five biodegradable drifters in the Belizean Barrier Reef.
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_start String 2013-05-31T16:14:50Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Trajectories of fifty-five biodegradable drifters in the Belizean Barrier Reef.
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double 88.03578833
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable orig_file_name   String  
attribute orig_file_name bcodmo_name String file_name
attribute orig_file_name description String Original file name in which data were submitted
attribute orig_file_name long_name String Orig File Name
attribute orig_file_name units String unitless
variable GPS_dataType   String  
attribute GPS_dataType bcodmo_name String datatype
attribute GPS_dataType description String GPS data type [GPGGA = Global Positioning System Fix Data; GPGLL = Lat, Lon, time data only]
attribute GPS_dataType long_name String GPS Data Type
attribute GPS_dataType units String unitless
variable date   int  
attribute date _FillValue int 2147483647
attribute date actual_range int 20130530, 20130701
attribute date bcodmo_name String date
attribute date description String UTC date; yyyymmdd
attribute date long_name String Date
attribute date nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date units String unitless
variable UTC_time   int  
attribute UTC_time _FillValue int 2147483647
attribute UTC_time actual_range int 141906, 235905
attribute UTC_time bcodmo_name String time
attribute UTC_time description String UTC time; HHMMSS
attribute UTC_time long_name String UTC Time
attribute UTC_time nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/AHMSAA01/ (external link)
attribute UTC_time units String unitless
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 16.62419667, 16.84848333
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String Latitude
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double 88.03578833, 88.07614
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String longitude
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String Longitude
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/ (external link)
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable fix_quality   byte  
attribute fix_quality _FillValue byte 127
attribute fix_quality actual_range byte 0, 1
attribute fix_quality bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute fix_quality colorBarMaximum double 150.0
attribute fix_quality colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute fix_quality description String Fix quality [0 = invalid; 1 = valid]
attribute fix_quality long_name String Fix Quality
attribute fix_quality units String unitless
variable satellite_number   byte  
attribute satellite_number _FillValue byte 127
attribute satellite_number actual_range byte 0, 12
attribute satellite_number bcodmo_name String count
attribute satellite_number colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute satellite_number colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute satellite_number description String Number of satellites being used
attribute satellite_number long_name String Satellite Number
attribute satellite_number units String count
variable HDOP   float  
attribute HDOP _FillValue float NaN
attribute HDOP actual_range float 0.8, 9.9
attribute HDOP bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute HDOP description String HDOP [Horizontal dilution of precision;
attribute HDOP long_name String HDOP
attribute HDOP units String unitless
variable altitude_   float  
attribute altitude_ _FillValue float NaN
attribute altitude_ actual_range float -79.32, 59.5
attribute altitude_ bcodmo_name String altitude
attribute altitude_ description String Altitude in meters above sea level
attribute altitude_ long_name String Altitude
attribute altitude_ units String meters
variable altitude_units   String  
attribute altitude_units bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute altitude_units long_name String Altitude
attribute altitude_units units String M
variable geoid   float  
attribute geoid _FillValue float NaN
attribute geoid actual_range float -8.0, 0.0
attribute geoid bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute geoid description String Geoid in meters above WGS84 ellipsoid
attribute geoid long_name String Geoid
attribute geoid units String meters
variable geoid_units   String  
attribute geoid_units bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute geoid_units long_name String Geoid Units
attribute geoid_units units String M
variable checksum_data   String  
attribute checksum_data bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute checksum_data description String Checksum data; internal GPS field required to continue recording
attribute checksum_data long_name String Checksum Data
attribute checksum_data units String unitless
variable time   double  
attribute time _CoordinateAxisType String Time
attribute time actual_range double 1.37001689E9, NaN
attribute time axis String T
attribute time bcodmo_name String ISO_DateTime_UTC
attribute time description String DateTime ISO UTC formatted
attribute time ioos_category String Time
attribute time long_name String ISO Date Time UTC
attribute time nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/DTUT8601/ (external link)
attribute time standard_name String time
attribute time time_origin String 01-JAN-1970 00:00:00
attribute time units String seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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