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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Coral species identifications, size, condition from the Belize Mesoamerican Barrier Reef
System (MBRS), November 2014
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String In November 2014, benthic surveys were performed at the thirteen reef sites.
Depth of each reef site was standardized to 3-5m. Reef types surveyed included
back reefs, patch reefs, and nearshore reefs. A team of three divers surveyed
six belt transects (dimension 6 x 10 m) at each site following Atlantic and
Gulf Rapid Reef Assessment (AGRRA) methodology (Ginsberg and Lang, 2003).
Briefly, a diver classified the genus and species of every coral
>6cm2\u00a0within 1m of the transect line along a 10m transect. The number and
size (length, width, and height) of individual colonies of each coral species
were recorded on underwater data sheets. The collected data were used to
calculate coral species diversity, abundance, richness, and coral life history
(following Darling\u00a0et al. 2012) for each site.

Additionally, six video belt transects (1 x 20m) were also performed at each
site using GoPro\u00ae cameras attached to PVC stabilizing apparatuses
allowing each diver to stabilize the camera while surveying transects. Video
transects were analyzed at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
(UNC-Chapel Hill) in a manner similar to the AGRRA method used in the field,
except two additional parameters (percent coral cover and coral density) were
calculated. Results of the diver and video transect surveys were not
significantly different (p\u00a0= 0.300). As a result diver and video survey
data were pooled at each site when possible. Full details and a comparison of
the methods employed are available in\u00a0S1 Appendix\u00a0of\u00a0Baumann et
al (2016).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 635862
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1459522
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1459522 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String all coral survey 2014
Coral species identifications, size, condition
Belize Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS)
PI's: K. Castillo, J. Baumann (UNC-Chapel Hill)
version: 2018-05-02
replaces version 2018-04-16: revised species codes IRID to IRIG and MDAC to MDEC
Published in Baumann et al, PLoS ONE (2016) 11(9) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162098
NOTE: Species code list: <a href="https://datadocs.bco-dmo.org/docs/Thermal_History_Coral_Growth/data_docs/AGRRA_Coral_UW_Codes.pdf" target="_blank">AGRRA_Coral_UW_Codes.pdf</a>
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-04-26T12:41:56Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-12-11T18:52:32Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &amp;time&lt;now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.734478.2
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/734478 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 734487
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String All types of photographic equipment including stills, video, film and digital systems.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/311/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 520
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String GoPro video camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String area, bco, bco-dmo, biological, bleached, chemical, code, cover, data, dataset, disease, diver, dmo, erddap, hist, lat_location, latitude, length, life, life_hist, management, method, mort, new, oceanography, office, old, pale, percent, percent_mort, percent_of_cover, percent_pb, percentdisease, preliminary, site, spp, spp_code, total, total_pb, trans, transect, type, width
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/734478/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/734478 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'734478': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/734478/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String UNC-Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Karl D. Castillo
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51711
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UNC-Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Justin Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 733684
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Student
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String UNC-Chapel Hill
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Justin Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 733684
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Thermal History and Coral Growth
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Thermal History and Coral Growth
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Description from NSF award abstract:
Rising global ocean surface temperatures have reduced coral growth rates, thereby negatively impacting the health of coral reef ecosystems worldwide. Recent studies on tropical reef building corals reveal that corals' growth in response to ocean warming may be influenced by their previous seawater temperature exposure - their thermal history. Although these recent findings highlight significant variability in coral growth in response to climate change, uncertainty remains as to the spatial scale at which corals' thermal history influences how they have responded to ocean warming and how they will likely respond to predicted future increases in ocean temperature. This study investigates the influence of thermal history on coral growth in response to recent and predicted seawater temperatures increases across four ecologically relevant spatial scales ranging from reef ecosystems, to reef communities, to reef populations, to an individual coral colony. By understanding how corals have responded in the past across a range of ecological scales, the Principal Investigator will be able to improve the ability to predict their susceptibility and resilience, which could then be applied to coral reef conservation in the face of climate change. This research project will broaden the participation of undergraduates from underrepresented groups and educate public radio listeners using minority voices and narratives. The scientist will leverage current and new partnerships to recruit and train minority undergraduates, thus allowing them to engage high school students near field sites in Florida, Belize, and Panama. Through peer advising, undergraduates will document this research on a digital news site for dissemination to the public. The voice of the undergraduates and scientist will ground the production of a public radio feature exploring the topic of acclimatization and resilience - a capacity for stress tolerance within coral reef ecosystems. This project will provide a postdoctoral researcher and several graduate students with opportunities for field and laboratory research training, teaching and mentoring, and professional development. The results will allow policy makers from Florida, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System countries, and several Central American countries to benefit from Caribbean-scale inferences that incorporate corals' physiological abilities, thereby improving coral reef management for the region.
Coral reefs are at significant risk due to a variety of local and global scale anthropogenic stressors. Although various stressors contribute to the observed decline in coral reef health, recent studies highlight rising seawater temperatures due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration as one of the most significant stressors influencing coral growth rates. However, there is increasing recognition of problems of scale since a coral's growth response to an environmental stressor may be conditional on the scale of description. This research will investigate the following research questions: (1) How has seawater temperature on reef ecosystems (Florida Keys Reef Tract, USA; Belize Barrier Reef System, Belize; and Bocas Del Toro Reef Complex, Panama), reef communities (inshore and offshore reefs), reef populations (individual reefs), and near reef colonies (individual colonies), varied in the past? (2) How has seawater temperature influenced rates of coral growth and how does the seawater temperature-coral growth relationship vary across these four ecological spatial scales? (3) Does the seawater temperature-coral growth relationship forecast rates of coral growth under predicted end-of-century ocean warming at the four ecological spatial scales? Long term sea surface temperature records and small-scale high-resolution in situ seawater temperature measurements will be compared with growth chronologies for the reef building corals Siderastrea siderea and Orbicella faveolata, two keystone species ubiquitously distributed throughout the Caribbean Sea. Nutrients and irradiance will be quantified via satellite-derived observations, in situ measurements, and established colorimetric protocols. Field and laboratory experiments will be combined to examine seawater temperature-coral growth relationships under recent and predicted end-of-century ocean warming at four ecologically relevant spatial scales. The findings of this study will help us bridge the temperature-coral growth response gap across ecologically relevant spatial scales and thus improve our understanding of how corals have responded to recent warming. This will lead to more meaningful predictions about future coral growth response to climate change.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2018-02
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Western Caribbean
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Investigating the influence of thermal history on coral growth response to recent and predicted end-of-century ocean warming across a cascade of ecological scales
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 635863
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://www.unc.edu/~kdcastil/research.html (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-03
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This dataset contains coral species identifications, size, and condition from the Belize Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS), November 2014. These data were reported in Baumann et al. (2016), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162098.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Coral species identifications, size, condition from the Belize Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (MBRS), November 2014
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 2
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable method   String  
attribute method bcodmo_name String sampling_method
attribute method description String method used to enumerate coral species along transects: with video or divers directly counting
attribute method long_name String Method
attribute method units String unitless
variable site   byte  
attribute site _FillValue byte 127
attribute site actual_range byte 1, 14
attribute site bcodmo_name String site
attribute site description String site identifier
attribute site long_name String Site
attribute site units String unitless
variable type   byte  
attribute type _FillValue byte 127
attribute type actual_range byte 1, 3
attribute type bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute type description String thermal regime code: 1=lowTP; 2=modTP; 3=highTP. These 3 categories are based on low; moderate; and high temperature parameters (see Baumann et al 2016 for details)
attribute type long_name String Type
attribute type units String unitless
variable lat_code   byte  
attribute lat_code _FillValue byte 127
attribute lat_code actual_range byte 1, 5
attribute lat_code bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute lat_code colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute lat_code colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute lat_code description String site code
attribute lat_code long_name String Latitude
attribute lat_code nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute lat_code source_name String lat_code
attribute lat_code standard_name String latitude
attribute lat_code units String unitless
variable lat_location   String  
attribute lat_location bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute lat_location description String site location
attribute lat_location long_name String Latitude
attribute lat_location standard_name String latitude
attribute lat_location units String unitless
variable transect   byte  
attribute transect _FillValue byte 127
attribute transect actual_range byte 1, 7
attribute transect bcodmo_name String transect
attribute transect description String transect identifier
attribute transect long_name String Transect
attribute transect units String unitless
variable diver   byte  
attribute diver _FillValue byte 127
attribute diver actual_range byte 1, 5
attribute diver bcodmo_name String person
attribute diver description String diver identifier
attribute diver long_name String Diver
attribute diver units String unitless
variable life_hist   String  
attribute life_hist bcodmo_name String sample_type
attribute life_hist description String coral life history guild: Stress Tolerant; Generalist; Weedy; Competitive
attribute life_hist long_name String Life Hist
attribute life_hist units String unitless
variable spp_code   String  
attribute spp_code bcodmo_name String taxon_code
attribute spp_code description String code for taxonomic species name
attribute spp_code long_name String Spp Code
attribute spp_code units String unitless
variable percent_of_cover   float  
attribute percent_of_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute percent_of_cover actual_range float 0.1, 7.0
attribute percent_of_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute percent_of_cover colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute percent_of_cover colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute percent_of_cover description String percent cover by coral species
attribute percent_of_cover long_name String Percent Of Cover
attribute percent_of_cover units String unitless
variable length   float  
attribute length _FillValue float NaN
attribute length actual_range float 2.57, 600.0
attribute length bcodmo_name String length
attribute length description String coral colony length
attribute length long_name String Length
attribute length units String centimeters
variable width   float  
attribute width _FillValue float NaN
attribute width actual_range float 1.5, 4250.0
attribute width bcodmo_name String width
attribute width description String coral colony width
attribute width long_name String Width
attribute width units String centimeters
variable area   float  
attribute area _FillValue float NaN
attribute area actual_range float 4.5, 216750.0
attribute area bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute area description String coral colony area
attribute area long_name String Area
attribute area units String centimeters
variable pale   float  
attribute pale _FillValue float NaN
attribute pale actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute pale bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute pale description String proportion of coral considered 'pale'
attribute pale long_name String Pale
attribute pale units String unitless
variable bleached   float  
attribute bleached _FillValue float NaN
attribute bleached actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute bleached bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute bleached description String proportion of coral considered 'bleached'
attribute bleached long_name String Bleached
attribute bleached units String unitless
variable total_pb   float  
attribute total_pb _FillValue float NaN
attribute total_pb actual_range float 0.0, 1.15
attribute total_pb bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute total_pb description String proportion of coral considered either 'pale' or 'bleached'
attribute total_pb long_name String Total Pb
attribute total_pb units String unitless
variable percent_pb   float  
attribute percent_pb _FillValue float NaN
attribute percent_pb actual_range float 0.0, 115.0
attribute percent_pb bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute percent_pb colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute percent_pb colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute percent_pb description String percent of coral considered either 'pale' or 'bleached'
attribute percent_pb long_name String Percent Pb
attribute percent_pb units String unitless
variable new   float  
attribute new _FillValue float NaN
attribute new actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute new bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute new description String proportion of mortality of each coral that was new
attribute new long_name String New
attribute new units String unitless
variable trans   float  
attribute trans _FillValue float NaN
attribute trans actual_range float 0.0, 0.95
attribute trans bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute trans description String proportion of mortality of each coral that was transitional between old and new
attribute trans long_name String Trans
attribute trans units String unitless
variable old   float  
attribute old _FillValue float NaN
attribute old actual_range float 0.0, 0.95
attribute old bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute old description String proportion of mortality of each coral that was old
attribute old long_name String Old
attribute old units String unitless
variable percent_mort   byte  
attribute percent_mort _FillValue byte 127
attribute percent_mort actual_range byte 0, 100
attribute percent_mort bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute percent_mort colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute percent_mort colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute percent_mort description String percent of coral colony that showed any kind of mortality; sum of new and old
attribute percent_mort long_name String Percent Mort
attribute percent_mort units String unitless
variable disease   byte  
attribute disease _FillValue byte 127
attribute disease actual_range byte 0, 1
attribute disease bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute disease description String proportion for corals showing sign of disease: either 0 or 1
attribute disease long_name String Disease
attribute disease units String corals
variable percentdisease   byte  
attribute percentdisease _FillValue byte 127
attribute percentdisease actual_range byte 0, 100
attribute percentdisease bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute percentdisease colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute percentdisease colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute percentdisease description String percent of corals showing sign of disease: either 0 or 100
attribute percentdisease long_name String Percentdisease
attribute percentdisease units String unitless

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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