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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Table 2: Carbonate data and nutrients measured during Calanus finmarchicus and
Meganyctiphanes norvegica egg hatching success experiments, 2011-2012
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Total Alkalinity:\u00a0 Alkalinity was determined using an open cell titration
with HCl (Dickson et al., 2007).\u00a0 The pH meter was a Corning model 109
which had been adapted so that the millivolt out was logged by computer
through a 14 bit A to D converter.\u00a0 The electrode was an Orion Ross ultra
semi-micro glass electrode model 8103-BNUWP.\u00a0 The pH electrode was
standardized with accurate pH buffers.\u00a0 The tris buffer (
2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol) had a pH of about 8.09 depending on
temperature.\u00a0 The AMP buffer (2-aminopyridine) had a pH of about 6.79
depending on temperature.\u00a0 Both were dissolved in artificial seawater at
S = 35 (Dickson et al., 2007, SOP-6a).\u00a0 Samples and standards were
titrated with a 0.15 M HCl solution in 0.45 M NaCl and the temperature was
measured to the nearest 0.01C using a NIST calibrated platinum
thermometer.\u00a0 The alkalinity standards generally were precise
alkalinity/total carbon dioxide seawater standards from Scripps Institute of
Oceanography (SIO), but early experiments also used a phosphate buffer
standard comprised of an equal molar mixture of KH2PO4\u00a0and
Na2HPO4\u00a0-7 H2O in 0.70 M NaCl.\u00a0 This phosphate standard was cross
calibrated with the SIO standards.\u00a0 The procedure used generally gave the
precision of several replicate standard titrations of 0.06% (standard error of
the mean as percent of the mean value).\u00a0 Alkalinities were determined by
the fitting procedure described in Dickson et al., 2007 (SOP-3b).

Total Carbon Dioxide:\u00a0 These concentrations were determined by acid
stripping a 1.113 ml volume of water sample or TCO2\u00a0standard, trapping
the expelled CO2, and then injecting it into a Shimadzu Model GC-8A gas
chromatograph with a thermal conductivity detector (Christensen, 2008).\u00a0
Two standards were employed, ones made from prebaked and freshly made Na2CO3,
and the previously mentioned SIO total carbon dioxide seawater
standards.\u00a0 This analytical system obtained a precision of about 0.06%
(standard error of the mean as percent of the mean).\u00a0 However, in the
results listed in this report, precision was less, averaging about 0.25%
(standard error of the mean as percent of the mean) because sample analysis
time was speeded up causing slightly less efficient trapping of the sample's

Salinity and Nutrients:\u00a0 Salinity was determined using an Autosal 8400A
conductivity salinometer with IAPSO standard seawater standards.\u00a0
Replicate determinations of a single sample were made until two consecutive
readings of conductivity matched within +/- 0.002 ppt.\u00a0 Nutrients were
determined by autoanalyzer using the methods for nitrate and nitrite of
Armstrong et al. (1967) and Pavlou (1972), for ammonium of Koroleff (1970) and
Slawyk and MacIsaac (1972), for dissolved inorganic phosphate (Drummond and
Maher, 1995), and dissolved silicate (Armstrong et al., 1967).\u00a0
Concentrations were measured in mol L-1\u00a0and converted to mol
kg-1\u00a0based on the sample's sigma-t value computed from the sample's
salinity and the laboratory temperature during analysis.

Calculation of Carbonate System Parameters:\u00a0 Carbonate system parameters,
include total pH, were calculated from the measured chemistry of the water
samples using the carbonate equilibrium model, CO2SYS (DOE, 1994; Lewis and
Wallace, 1995).\u00a0 This program employs the equilibrium coefficients of Roy
et al. (1993) for carbonate coefficients, K1 and K2, of Weiss (1974) for
carbon dioxide, K0, of Dickson (1990a) for borate, of Dickson and Riley (1979)
for fluoride, of Dickson (1990b) for sulfate, and of Millero (1995) for
phosphate (kp1, kp2, kp3) and silicate.\u00a0 Seawater density at atmospheric
pressure was that of UNESCO (1981).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 54712
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1041081
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1041081 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Carbonate data and nutrients during egg experiments
OCEAN PH AFFECTS CALANUS EGGS - TABLE 2, Preziosi, et al (2017) Mar. Bio. DOI 10.1007/s00227-017-3243-5
PI's: J. Christensen (Green Eyes LLC), J. Runge (GMRI)
version: 2018-06-13
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-06-13T19:08:44Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-12-04T15:21:32Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.738494.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/738494 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String Nutrient Autoanalyzer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 738507
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String Nutrient Autoanalyzer is a generic term used when specific type, make and model were not specified. In general, a Nutrient Autoanalyzer is an automated flow-thru system for doing nutrient analysis (nitrate, ammonium, orthophosphate, and silicate) on seawater samples.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB04/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Nutrient Autoanalyzer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 558
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_acronym String salinometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_description String Used to measure salinity, with IAPSO seawater standards.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_nid String 738506
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_description String The salinometer is an instrument for measuring the salinity of a water sample.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB30/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_name String Autosal salinometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_nid String 576
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_supplied_name String Autosal 8400A conductivity salinometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_acronym String Gas Chromatograph
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_description String Used to measure Total CO2, determined by acid stripping a 1.113 ml volume of water sample or TCO2 standard, trapping the expelled CO2, and then injecting it into the chromatograph had a thermal conductivity detector.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_nid String 738505
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_description String Instrument separating gases, volatile substances, or substances dissolved in a volatile solvent by transporting an inert gas through a column packed with a sorbent to a detector for assay. (from SeaDataNet, BODC)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB02/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_name String Gas Chromatograph
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_nid String 661
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_supplied_name String Shimadzu Model GC-8A gas chromatograph
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_acronym String Benchtop pH Meter
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_description String Adapted so that the millivolt out was logged by computer through a 14 bit A to D converter. The electrode was an Orion Ross ultra semi-micro glass electrode model 8103-BNUWP.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_nid String 738501
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_description String An instrument consisting of an electronic voltmeter and pH-responsive electrode that gives a direct conversion of voltage differences to differences of pH at the measurement temperature. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms)
This instrument does not map to the NERC instrument vocabulary term for 'pH Sensor' which measures values in the water column. Benchtop models are typically employed for stationary lab applications.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_name String Benchtop pH Meter
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_nid String 681
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_supplied_name String Corning model 109
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String alkalin, altimetry, ammonia, ammonium, bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, chemistry, concentration, data, dataset, date, dmo, earth, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Ammonia, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Nitrate, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Phosphate, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Silicate, elapsed, erddap, event, experiment, laboratory, management, mass, mass_concentration_of_phosphate_in_sea_water, mass_concentration_of_silicate_in_sea_water, mole, mole_concentration_of_ammonium_in_sea_water, mole_concentration_of_nitrate_in_sea_water, n02, nh4, nitrate, no3, NO3_NO2, ocean, oceanography, oceans, office, omar, omca, phosphate, phttl, po4, preliminary, sal, sampling, SAMPLING_DATE, satellite, science, sea, seawater, silicate, tank, tco2, TEMP, temperature, time, TIME_elapsed, water, xco2
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/738494/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/738494 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'738494': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/738494/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Green Eyes LLC
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String John P Christensen
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51603
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Gulf of Maine Research Institute
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String GMRI
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Jeffrey A. Runge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 50905
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String OA Calanus Survival
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String OA Calanus Survival
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String The project description is a modification of the original NSF award abstract.
This research project is part of the larger NSF funded CRI-OA collaborative research initiative and was funded as an Ocean Acidification-Category 1, 2010 award. While attention concerning impacts of predicted acidification of the world's oceans has focused on calcifying organisms, non-calcifying plankton may also be vulnerable. In this project, the investigator will evaluate the potential for impacts of ocean acidification on the reproductive success of three species of planktonic copepods in the genus Calanus that are prominent in high latitude oceans. C. finmarchicus dominates the mesozooplankton biomass across much of the coastal and deep North Atlantic Ocean. C. glacialis and the larger C. hyperboreus are among the most abundant planktonic copepods in the Arctic Ocean. Previous research showed that hatching success of C. finmarchicus eggs was severely inhibited by increased CO2 and lower pH in seawater, but only tested at an extreme level. Preliminary results in the investigator's laboratory indicate that hatching success of C. finmarchicus is substantially reduced at increased seawater CO2 concentrations corresponding to pH levels between 7.9 and 7.5. Predictions of likely decline of surface pH levels to 7.7-7.8 over the next century raise questions about impacts on Calanus population dynamics if these preliminary results are confirmed. C. finmarchicus, for example, is presently at the southern edge of its range in the Gulf of Maine. The combination of higher surface layer temperature and lower pH may inhibit reproductive success during the late summer/fall bloom, which the PI hypothesize is critical to sustain the overwintering stock in this region. The investigators will collect C. finmarchicus females from the Gulf of Maine and, with the assistance of Canadian colleagues, C. glacialis and C. hyperboreus females from the deep lower St. Lawrence Estuary. They will conduct laboratory experiments in which hatching success, development and growth of Calanus nauplius stages are measured in controls of natural seawater and at a series of treatments in which CO2 concentrations, pH and temperature are rigorously controlled to represent possible future states of the northern ocean. The investigators will measure present surface and deep pCO2 and pH across the Gulf of Maine, including its deep basins, during a research cruise. The study will evaluate the hypothesis that predicted levels of CO2 increase in the northern ocean will impact population dynamics of the Calanus species. Using the results from the research cruise and a recently developed 1-D, Individual-Based life cycle model, the PI will explore in detail scenarios of impact of higher temperature and lower surface and deep pH on population dynamics of C. finmarchicus in the Gulf of Maine.
The lipid-rich Calanus species are considered key intermediary links between primary production and higher trophic levels in North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean food webs. Impacts of higher surface temperature and lower pH on reproductive success may potentially lead to profound changes in energy transfer and structure of pelagic ecosystems in the northern oceans. In the Gulf of Maine, C. finmarchicus serves as primary prey for herring, sand lance, and mackerel, as well as the endangered northern right whale, warranting thorough evaluation of ocean acidification effects on its population dynamics.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2013-10
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Gulf of Maine
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Ocean Acidification-Category 1- Impact of ocean acidification on survival of early life stages of planktonic copepods in the genus Calanus in the northern
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2184
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2010-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This dataset presents the carbonate system and nutrients measurements during Calanus finmarchicus and Meganyctiphanes norvegica egg hatching success experiments, 2011-2012. Results are published in Preziosi et al (2017), Table 2.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Table 2: Carbonate data and nutrients measured during Calanus finmarchicus and Meganyctiphanes norvegica egg hatching success experiments, 2011-2012
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable EXPERIMENT   byte  
attribute EXPERIMENT _FillValue byte 127
attribute EXPERIMENT actual_range byte 1, 13
attribute EXPERIMENT bcodmo_name String exp_id
attribute EXPERIMENT description String Number of the experiment
attribute EXPERIMENT long_name String EXPERIMENT
attribute EXPERIMENT units String unitless
variable SAMPLING_DATE   int  
attribute SAMPLING_DATE _FillValue int 2147483647
attribute SAMPLING_DATE actual_range int 110527, 120731
attribute SAMPLING_DATE bcodmo_name String date
attribute SAMPLING_DATE description String Date of sampling formatted as yymmdd
attribute SAMPLING_DATE long_name String SAMPLING DATE
attribute SAMPLING_DATE nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute SAMPLING_DATE units String unitless
variable EVENT   byte  
attribute EVENT _FillValue byte 127
attribute EVENT actual_range byte 3, 24
attribute EVENT bcodmo_name String event
attribute EVENT description String Number of the sampling event
attribute EVENT long_name String EVENT
attribute EVENT nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/EVTAGFL/ (external link)
attribute EVENT units String unitless
variable TIME_elapsed   float  
attribute TIME_elapsed _FillValue float NaN
attribute TIME_elapsed actual_range float -7.4, 137.8
attribute TIME_elapsed bcodmo_name String time_elapsed
attribute TIME_elapsed description String Time from internment of eggs
attribute TIME_elapsed long_name String TIME Elapsed
attribute TIME_elapsed nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ELTMZZZZ/ (external link)
attribute TIME_elapsed units String hours
variable TANK   byte  
attribute TANK _FillValue byte 127
attribute TANK actual_range byte 1, 6
attribute TANK bcodmo_name String sample
attribute TANK description String Number of the tank
attribute TANK long_name String TANK
attribute TANK nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P02/current/ACYC/ (external link)
attribute TANK units String unitless
variable TEMP   float  
attribute TEMP _FillValue float NaN
attribute TEMP actual_range float -99.0, 15.4
attribute TEMP bcodmo_name String temperature
attribute TEMP description String Tank temperature
attribute TEMP long_name String Temperature
attribute TEMP nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/TEMPP901/ (external link)
attribute TEMP units String degrees Celsius
variable SAL   float  
attribute SAL _FillValue float NaN
attribute SAL actual_range float -99.0, 32.389
attribute SAL bcodmo_name String sal
attribute SAL description String Salinity in the tank
attribute SAL long_name String SAL
attribute SAL nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PSALST01/ (external link)
attribute SAL units String parts per thousand (ppt)
variable ALKALIN   float  
attribute ALKALIN _FillValue float NaN
attribute ALKALIN actual_range float -99.0, 2227.6
attribute ALKALIN bcodmo_name String TALK
attribute ALKALIN description String Total alkalinity in the tank
attribute ALKALIN long_name String ALKALIN
attribute ALKALIN nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/MDMAP014/ (external link)
attribute ALKALIN units String micromol/kilogram
variable TCO2   float  
attribute TCO2 _FillValue float NaN
attribute TCO2 actual_range float -99.0, 4763.5
attribute TCO2 bcodmo_name String TCO2
attribute TCO2 description String Total CO2 concentration in the tank
attribute TCO2 long_name String TCO2
attribute TCO2 nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/TCO2KG01/ (external link)
attribute TCO2 units String micromol/kilogram
variable NO3_NO2   float  
attribute NO3_NO2 _FillValue float NaN
attribute NO3_NO2 actual_range float -99.0, 9.19
attribute NO3_NO2 bcodmo_name String NO3_NO2
attribute NO3_NO2 colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute NO3_NO2 colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute NO3_NO2 description String Tank's nitrate + nitrite concentration
attribute NO3_NO2 long_name String Mole Concentration Of Nitrate In Sea Water
attribute NO3_NO2 units String micromol/kilogram
variable NH4   float  
attribute NH4 _FillValue float NaN
attribute NH4 actual_range float -99.0, 2.59
attribute NH4 bcodmo_name String Ammonium
attribute NH4 colorBarMaximum double 5.0
attribute NH4 colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute NH4 description String Tank's dissolved ammonium concentration
attribute NH4 long_name String Mole Concentration Of Ammonium In Sea Water
attribute NH4 nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/AMONAAZX/ (external link)
attribute NH4 units String micromol/kilogram
variable PO4   float  
attribute PO4 _FillValue float NaN
attribute PO4 actual_range float -99.0, 0.99
attribute PO4 bcodmo_name String PO4
attribute PO4 description String Tank's dissolved phosphate concentration
attribute PO4 long_name String Mass Concentration Of Phosphate In Sea Water
attribute PO4 units String micromol/kilogram
variable SI   float  
attribute SI _FillValue float NaN
attribute SI actual_range float -99.0, 9.72
attribute SI bcodmo_name String SiOH_4
attribute SI description String Tank's dissolved silicate concentration
attribute SI long_name String Mass Concentration Of Silicate In Sea Water
attribute SI units String micromol/kilogram
variable PHTTL   float  
attribute PHTTL _FillValue float NaN
attribute PHTTL actual_range float -99.0, 8.029
attribute PHTTL bcodmo_name String pH
attribute PHTTL description String Total pH in the tank (calculated)
attribute PHTTL long_name String PHTTL
attribute PHTTL nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PHXXZZXX/ (external link)
attribute PHTTL units String pH units
variable XCO2   float  
attribute XCO2 _FillValue float NaN
attribute XCO2 actual_range float -99.0, 50962.0
attribute XCO2 bcodmo_name String TCO2
attribute XCO2 description String CO2 gas concentration (calculated)
attribute XCO2 long_name String XCO2
attribute XCO2 nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/TCO2KG01/ (external link)
attribute XCO2 units String parts per million (ppm) in dry gas
variable OMCA   float  
attribute OMCA _FillValue float NaN
attribute OMCA actual_range float -99.0, 3.38
attribute OMCA bcodmo_name String Calcite Saturation State
attribute OMCA description String Degree of saturation for calcite
attribute OMCA long_name String OMCA
attribute OMCA units String unitless
variable OMAR   float  
attribute OMAR _FillValue float NaN
attribute OMAR actual_range float -99.0, 2.15
attribute OMAR bcodmo_name String OM_ar
attribute OMAR description String Degree of saturation for aragonite
attribute OMAR long_name String OMAR
attribute OMAR units String unitless

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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