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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Percent cover of coral in pacific Panama using the point intercept method from 2016-2018    ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_747552

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String While quadrats were placed in areas of high cover to maximize our ability to
detect changes through time, coral cover data also were collected from 25 m
point-intercept transects whose placement was re-randomized during each visit.
Six haphazardly-placed transects were run across the reef at each site, and
the composition of the benthos was recorded every 25 cm (100 points per
transect) in situ by divers. Any point over live coral was assigned a
bleaching score by the diver from 1 to 5, as above. Coordinates are
approximate for the point-intercept transects.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 655898
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1535007
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1535007 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_nid String 655911
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_number String OCE-1535203
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1535203 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Percent cover of coral in pacific Panama using the point intercept method
PI: Aronson, R.B.
Version: 2018-08-24
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-10-05T15:45:54Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-09-12T13:29:45Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.747552.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -79.0283
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 8.6312
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 7.4033
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -79.0283
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -81.759
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/747552 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, coral, coralN, data, dataset, dmo, erddap, gulf, health, latitude, longitude, management, mean, MeanHealth, noncoral, noncoralN, oceanography, office, points, preliminary, site, step, time, time2, TimeStep, total, TotalPoints, transect, uin
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/747552/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/747552 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 8.6312
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'747552': {'Latitude': 'master - latitude', 'Longitude': 'master - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/747552/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Florida Institute of Technology
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String FIT
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Dr Richard B. Aronson
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 655902
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of California-San Diego
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UCSD-SIO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Dr James J. Leichter
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51533
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String United States Geological Survey
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String USGS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Dr Lauren T. Toth
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 655904
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Mathew Biddle
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 708682
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Coral Climate ETP
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Coral Climate ETP
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Coral reefs are under threat around the world, and climate change is the main reason they are declining. Knowing how local conditions on a reef exaggerate or mask the impacts of climate change make it possible to predict which reefs are most likely to survive longer and, therefore, which reefs deserve the greatest effort and funding for conservation. Reefs off the Pacific coast of Panama are vulnerable to the impacts of global climate change but are also strongly influenced by small-scale currents and other local conditions. The goal of this study is to see how those local differences affect coral growth and the ability of the corals to build reefs. Climate change appears poised to shut down reef growth off Pacific Panama within the next century. Considering that sea-level rise is accelerating at the same time, if coral reefs shut down they will not be able to protect populated shorelines from storm damage and erosion. In addition to its scientific insights, this project will provide undergraduate and graduate training, provide research training for underrepresented groups, advance women in scientific careers, and contribute important information for management and policy. The results will be incorporated into innovative curricular materials for K through 12 classes in Title-I schools in Florida aligned with Next Generation (Common Core) standards, and standards for Climate and Ocean Literacy. An annual film festival will be organized for K through 12 students to explore themes in marine science through videography.
Global climate change is now the leading cause of coral-reef degradation, but the extent to which mesoscale oceanography overprints climatic forcing is poorly understood. Previous studies in Pacific Panama showed that reef ecosystems collapsed from 4100 to 1600 years ago. The 2500-yr hiatus in reef-building occurred at locations throughout the Pacific, and the primary cause was increased variability of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation. This study will determine the influence of contemporary variability in mesoscale oceanography in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) on variability in the condition of local coral populations. Insights from the living populations will be combined with paleoecological and geochemical studies of reef frameworks to infer past conditions that were inimical or beneficial to coral growth and reef accretion. Three primary hypotheses will be tested in Pacific Panama:
H1. Mesoscale oceanography is manifested in gradients of reef condition, coral growth, and coral physiological condition. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling confers positive effects on coral growth rate and physiology.
H2. The impacts of mesoscale oceanographic regimes on the growth and condition of reef-corals were felt at least as far back as the mid- to late Holocene.
H3. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling conferred positive effects on vertical reef accretion in the past and shortened the late-Holocene hiatus.
Specific research approaches to test these hypotheses will include collecting high-resolution, oceanographic time series to characterize contemporary environments along gradients of physical conditions; collecting ecological and geochemical data on the condition of living coral populations; and extracting cores from the reef frameworks and analyzing the coral assemblages taxonomically, taphonomically, and geochemically to assess patterns of biotic and paleoenvironmental variability. Strong spatial and temporal variability in the physical drivers of reef development make the ETP an excellent model system in which to examine the response of coral reefs to climate change over a range of physical regimes. This research will provide a unique opportunity to tease apart the controls on reef development across multiple spatial and temporal scales. The climatology underlying the late-Holocene hiatus was similar to probable scenarios for the next century, implying that climate change could be driving reef ecosystems of the ETP (and elsewhere) toward another collapse. Understanding how the hiatus unfolded along oceanographic gradients will increase our power to predict the future responses of reefs to a rapidly changing climate.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2019-03
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Pacific Panamá
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Collaborative Research: Climate Change, Mesoscale Oceanography, and the Dynamics of Eastern Pacific Coral Reefs
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 655899
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://www.fit.edu/research/portal/project/420/climate-change-mesoscale-oceanography-and-the-dynamics-of-eastern-pacific-coral-reefs (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 7.4033
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Percent cover of coral in pacific Panama using the point intercept method from 2016-2018.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Percent cover of coral in pacific Panama using the point intercept method from 2016-2018
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -81.759
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable UIN   short  
attribute UIN _FillValue short 32767
attribute UIN actual_range short 1, 180
attribute UIN bcodmo_name String sample
attribute UIN description String Unique Identifing Number
attribute UIN long_name String UIN
attribute UIN nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P02/current/ACYC/ (external link)
attribute UIN units String unitless
variable Gulf   String  
attribute Gulf bcodmo_name String region
attribute Gulf description String name of the region
attribute Gulf long_name String Gulf
attribute Gulf units String unitless
variable Site   String  
attribute Site bcodmo_name String site
attribute Site description String name of the sampling site
attribute Site long_name String Site
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 7.4033, 8.6312
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String latitude in decimal degrees north
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -81.759, -79.0283
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String longitude
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String longitude in decimal degrees east
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/ (external link)
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable time2   String  
attribute time2 bcodmo_name String time_sample
attribute time2 description String When the sampling took place.
attribute time2 long_name String Time
attribute time2 units String unitless
variable TimeStep   String  
attribute TimeStep bcodmo_name String time_sample
attribute TimeStep description String Categorical description of when sampling took place.
attribute TimeStep long_name String Time Step
attribute TimeStep units String unitless
variable Transect   byte  
attribute Transect _FillValue byte 127
attribute Transect actual_range byte 1, 6
attribute Transect bcodmo_name String transect
attribute Transect description String transect identifier
attribute Transect long_name String Transect
attribute Transect units String unitless
variable coralN   byte  
attribute coralN _FillValue byte 127
attribute coralN actual_range byte 15, 97
attribute coralN bcodmo_name String count
attribute coralN description String number of coal points identified
attribute coralN long_name String Coral N
attribute coralN units String count
variable TotalPoints   byte  
attribute TotalPoints _FillValue byte 127
attribute TotalPoints actual_range byte 94, 110
attribute TotalPoints bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute TotalPoints description String number of points analyzed for coral cover
attribute TotalPoints long_name String Total Points
attribute TotalPoints units String unitless
variable noncoralN   byte  
attribute noncoralN _FillValue byte 127
attribute noncoralN actual_range byte 3, 88
attribute noncoralN bcodmo_name String count
attribute noncoralN description String number of non-coral points identified; excluding points that fell on quadrat or were unidentifiable.
attribute noncoralN long_name String Noncoral N
attribute noncoralN units String count
variable CC   float  
attribute CC _FillValue float NaN
attribute CC actual_range float 14.6, 97.0
attribute CC bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute CC description String percentrage coral cover
attribute CC long_name String CC
attribute CC units String percent (%)
variable MeanHealth   float  
attribute MeanHealth _FillValue float NaN
attribute MeanHealth actual_range float 1.0, 3.83
attribute MeanHealth bcodmo_name String sample_descrip
attribute MeanHealth description String average health score of coral points ranges from 1 to 5 with 1 indicating fully pigmented and 5 indicating completely bleached.
attribute MeanHealth long_name String Mean Health
attribute MeanHealth units String health score

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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