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     data   graph     files  public Calcification of coral from the start and end of experiments under elevated concentrations of
temperature and carbon dioxide
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_748383

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Collection and experimental setup methods extracted from Doo et al. (2018):
Colony collection: In January 2017, 48 colonies of Pocillopora verrucosa
(Ellis and Solander 1786) were collected randomly on scuba from 5 m depth on
the north shore of Mo\u2019orea, French Polynesia (17\u00b0 28'\u00a033\"S,
149\u00b0 49' 20\"W).\u00a0Following 5 d of acclimation, 24 of the corals were
selected randomly for removal of all trapeziid crabs and alpheid shrimps\u00a0
(\"minus-ectosymbiont\") by probing with a wooden stick (3 mm diameter). Crabs
and shrimp were left in the other 24 corals (\"plus-ectosymbiont\"), which
were subjected to a procedural control in which they were probed with a wooden
stick.

Incubation setup:\u00a0Twelve mesocosm tanks (150 L volume with sand-filtered
seawater pumped from 14 m depth in Cooks\u2019 Bay and supplied to the tanks
at ~200 mL min\u22121) were used in this experiment, with four colonies per
tank in a split-plot design contrasting plus-ectosymbiont (n = 2
colonies/tank) and minus-ectosymbiont (n = 2 colonies/tank) corals.

Daily measures of salinity, pH, and total alkalinity (TA):\u00a0
Temperature was recorded with a thermometer (\u00b1 0.05 degrees C;
ThermoFisher Traceable) and salinity was measured with a bench-top
conductivity meter (\u00b1 0.1 psu, YSI 3100). TA and pH were measured within
one hour of sample collection. Seawater collected for TA was filtered (0.45
um; Chanson and Millero, 2007) and analyzed using potentiometric titrations
with 0.1-N HCl using an automatic titrator (Mettler Toledo T50) (Dickson et
al., 2007). Seawater pH was measured with spectrophotometric methods (Nemzer
and Dickson, 2005).

Buoyant weight:\u00a0was measured at start and end of experiment and
difference between the two values was used to calculate an increase in dry
skeletal weight (i.e., calcification) using the density of aragonite, and then
normalized to the surface area of each coral (Davies 1989).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 520630
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1026851
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1026851 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Dr David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_nid String 526719
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_number String OCE-1236905
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1236905 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager String Dr David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_award_nid String 536317
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_award_number String OCE-1415268
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1415268 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_program_manager String Dr David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Doo et al. 2018, Coral Reefs - Mesocosm buoyant weight data
PI: Robert Carpenter (CSUN)
Co-PI: Peter Edmunds (CSUN)
Contact: Steve Doo (CSUN)
Version date: 16 October 2018
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.2d 13 Jun 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-10-17T17:19:09Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-03-15T16:33:54Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.748383.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/748383 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String Scale
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 748454
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String An instrument used to measure weight or mass.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB13/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Scale
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 714
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Mettler PB153-S balance
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, chemistry, coral, Coral_number, crab, data, dataset, dmo, earth, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > pH, erddap, growth, management, number, ocean, oceanography, oceans, office, preliminary, reported, salinity, scale, science, sea, sea_water_ph_reported_on_total_scale, seawater, statistics, temperature, total, water
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended
for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data
Contributor, ERD, NOAA, nor the United States Government, nor any
of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or
implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness, of this information.
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/748383 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'748383': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/748383/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Robert Carpenter
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51535
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Peter J. Edmunds
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51536
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Steve Doo
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 748154
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Research site, Collaborative Research: Ocean Acidification and Coral Reefs: Scale Dependence and Adaptive Capacity
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String MCR LTER
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String From http://www.lternet.edu/sites/mcr/ and http://mcr.lternet.edu/:
The Moorea Coral Reef LTER site encompasses the coral reef complex that surrounds the island of Moorea, French Polynesia (17�30'S, 149�50'W). Moorea is a small, triangular volcanic island 20 km west of Tahiti in the Society Islands of French Polynesia. An offshore barrier reef forms a system of shallow (mean depth ~ 5-7 m), narrow (~0.8-1.5 km wide) lagoons around the 60 km perimeter of Moorea. All major coral reef types (e.g., fringing reef, lagoon patch reefs, back reef, barrier reef and fore reef) are present and accessible by small boat.
The MCR LTER was established in 2004 by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and is a partnership between the University of California Santa Barbara and California State University, Northridge. MCR researchers include marine scientists from the UC Santa Barbara, CSU Northridge, UC Davis, UC Santa Cruz, UC San Diego, CSU San Marcos, Duke University and the University of Hawaii. Field operations are conducted from the UC Berkeley Richard B. Gump South Pacific Research Station on the island of Moorea, French Polynesia.
MCR LTER Data: The Moorea Coral Reef (MCR) LTER data are managed by and available directly from the MCR project data site URL shown above.� The datasets listed below were collected at or near the MCR LTER sampling locations, and funded by NSF OCE as ancillary projects related to the MCR LTER core research themes.
The following publications and data resulted from this project:
2012 Edmunds PJ. Effect of pCO2 on the growth, respiration, and photophysiology of massive Porites spp. in Moorea, French Polynesia. Marine Biology 159: 2149-2160. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.820375Porites growth_respiration_photophysDownload complete data for this publication (Excel file)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Island of Moorea, French Polynesia
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Research site
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2222
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://mcr.lternet.edu/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2004-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_acronym String OA coral adaptation
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_description String Extracted from the NSF award abstract:
This project focuses on the most serious threat to marine ecosystems, Ocean Acidification (OA), and addresses the problem in the most diverse and beautiful ecosystem on the planet, coral reefs. The research utilizes Moorea, French Polynesia as a model system, and builds from the NSF investment in the Moorea Coral Reef Long Term Ecological Research Site (LTER) to exploit physical and biological monitoring of coral reefs as a context for a program of studies focused on the ways in which OA will affect corals, calcified algae, and coral reef ecosystems. The project builds on a four-year NSF award with research in five new directions: (1) experiments of year-long duration, (2) studies of coral reefs to 20-m depth, (3) experiments in which carbon dioxide will be administered to plots of coral reef underwater, (4) measurements of the capacity of coral reef organisms to change through evolutionary and induced responses to improve their resistance to OA, and (5) application of emerging theories to couple studies of individual organisms to studies of whole coral reefs. Broader impacts will accrue through a better understanding of the ways in which OA will affect coral reefs that are the poster child for demonstrating climate change effects in the marine environment, and which provide income, food, and coastal protection to millions of people living in coastal areas, including in the United States.�
This project focuses on the effects of Ocean Acidification on tropical coral reefs and builds on a program of research results from an existing 4-year award, and closely interfaces with the technical, hardware, and information infrastructure provided through the Moorea Coral Reef (MCR) LTER. The MCR-LTER, provides an unparalleled opportunity to partner with a study of OA effects on a coral reef with a location that arguably is better instrumented and studied in more ecological detail than any other coral reef in the world. Therefore, the results can be both contextualized by a high degree of ecological and physical relevance, and readily integrated into emerging theory seeking to predict the structure and function of coral reefs in warmer and more acidic future oceans. The existing award has involved a program of study in Moorea that has focused mostly on short-term organismic and ecological responses of corals and calcified algae, experiments conducted in mesocosms and flumes, and measurements of reef-scale calcification. This new award involves three new technical advances: for the first time, experiments will be conducted of year-long duration in replicate outdoor flumes; CO2 treatments will be administered to fully intact reef ecosystems in situ using replicated underwater flumes; and replicated common garden cultivation techniques will be used to explore within-species genetic variation in the response to OA conditions. Together, these tools will be used to support research on corals and calcified algae in three thematic areas: (1) tests for long-term (1 year) effects of OA on growth, performance, and fitness, (2) tests for depth-dependent effects of OA on reef communities at 20-m depth where light regimes are attenuated compared to shallow water, and (3) tests for beneficial responses to OA through intrinsic, within-species genetic variability and phenotypic plasticity. Some of the key experiments in these thematic areas will be designed to exploit integral projection models (IPMs) to couple organism with community responses, and to support the use of the metabolic theory of ecology (MTE) to address scale-dependence of OA effects on coral reef organisms and the function of the communities they build.
The following publications and data resulted from this project:
Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Lantz CA, Edmunds PJ. (2016) Parameterization of the response of calcification to temperature and pCO2 in the coral Acropora pulchra and the alga Lithophyllum kotschyanum. Coral Reefs 2016.�DOI 10.1007/s00338-016-1425-0.calcification rates�(2014)calcification rates (2010)
Comeau, S., Carpenter, R.C., Edmunds, P.J. �(2016) Effects of pCO2 on photosynthesis and respiration of tropical scleractinian corals and calcified algae. ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv267.respiration and photosynthesis Irespiration and photosynthesis II
Evensen, N.R. & Edmunds P. J. (2016) Interactive effects of ocean acidification and neighboring corals on the growth of Pocillopora verrucosa. Marine Biology, 163:148. doi:�10.1007/s00227-016-2921-zcoral growthseawater chemistrycoral colony interactions
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_end_date String 2018-12
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_geolocation String Moorea, French Polynesia
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_name String Collaborative Research: Ocean Acidification and Coral Reefs: Scale Dependence and Adaptive Capacity
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_project_nid String 535322
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_project_website String http://mcr.lternet.edu (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_1_start_date String 2015-01
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager(s)
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v29
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Calcification of coral from the start and end of experiments under elevated concentrations of temperature and carbon dioxide.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Calcification of coral from the start and end of experiments under elevated concentrations of temperature and carbon dioxide
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5-beta
variable Coral_number   byte  
attribute Coral_number _FillValue byte 127
attribute Coral_number actual_range byte 1, 48
attribute Coral_number colorBarMaximum double 100.0
attribute Coral_number colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute Coral_number description String Unique coral colony identification number
attribute Coral_number ioos_category String Statistics
attribute Coral_number long_name String Coral Number
attribute Coral_number units String unitless
variable pH   String  
attribute pH colorBarMaximum double 9.0
attribute pH colorBarMinimum double 7.0
attribute pH description String pH treatment
attribute pH ioos_category String Salinity
attribute pH long_name String Sea Water Ph Reported On Total Scale
attribute pH units String unitless
variable Temperature   String  
attribute Temperature description String Temperature treatment
attribute Temperature ioos_category String Temperature
attribute Temperature long_name String Temperature
attribute Temperature units String unitless
variable Crab   String  
attribute Crab description String Crab treatment: with (Yes) or without (No)
attribute Crab ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Crab long_name String Crab
attribute Crab units String unitless
variable Growth   double  
attribute Growth _FillValue double NaN
attribute Growth actual_range double -0.01751436, 0.556493305
attribute Growth description String Change in weight (g) obtained by buoyant weighing pre and post experiment, and later converted to mass of CaCO3 and normalized to surface area of coral tissue (Stimson and Kinzie 1991).
attribute Growth ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Growth long_name String Growth
attribute Growth units String grams

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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