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     data   graph     files  public Coral community structure at pooled random sites between Cabritte Horn and White Point in St.
John before and after five hurricanes from 1988\u20132017
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_750092

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Photoquadrats at Yawzi Point and Tektite were recorded using cameras attached
to a framer that held them perpendicular to the reef. A Nikonos V (35-mm
format) was used from 1987-1999, and digital cameras thereafter, with 3.3 MP
resolution from 2000\u20132006, 6.1 MP from 2006\u20132010, 12.1 MP in 2011,
16.2 from 2012\u20132015, and 36.3 MP from 2016\u2013present. Cameras were
fitted with a strobe (Nikonos SB 105) and the images resolved objects \u2265
1-cm diameter.

The analyses at Yawzi Point and Tektite were augmented in 1992 with six
additional sites that were selected using random coordinates constrained to
hard substrata. This sampling focused on a habitat where boulders and cliffs
of igneous rock are common, mean coral cover has remained < 5%,
and\u00a0Orbicella annularis\u00a0has not been common since at least 1992.
Five sites are at 9-m depth, with one at 7-m depth (RS9), and they have been
recorded annually. These sites serve as replicates of reefs between Cabritte
Horn and White Point, and are analyzed as the pooled random sites (PRS).
Results from 1995 (May) and 1996 (May) are used to evaluate the effects of
Hurricanes Luis and Marilyn, and from 2017 (July and November) to evaluate the
effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Each site consists of a permanently
marked transect at a constant depth that was 20-m long from 1992\u20131999 (n
~ 18 photoquadrats site-1), but was extended to 40 m in 2000 when digital
photography was implemented (n ~ 40 photoquadrats site-1). Photoquadrats (0.5
\u00d7 0.5 m) were recorded at random positions along each transect (and re-
randomized annually) using cameras (as described above) attached to a framer
that held them perpendicular to the reef. Cameras were attached to two strobes
(Nikonos SB 105), and resolved objects to at least 5-mm diameter.

Photoquadrats were analyzed by overlaying them with a grid of 200 randomly-
located dots and identifying the substratum beneath each dot. Images were
analyzed manually prior to 2005, from 2005\u20132011 using CPCe software, and
from 2012 to present, using CoralNet software with manual annotations. With
this approach, the abundance of each substratum type is defined by the total
number of dots that occur on top of it in each image, and when expressed as a
percentage of the dot population on each image, provides a measure of
percentage cover (hereafter \u201ccover\u201d) (Menge 1976). Two resolutions
were applied to the analyses, first to resolve three functional groups (FG),
coral (combined cover of scleractinians), macroalgae (algae \u2265 1-cm high,
mostly\u00a0Halimeda, Lobophora, Padina, and\u00a0Dictyota), and a combined
category of crustose coralline algae, algal turf, and bare space (CTB).
Second, scleractinians were resolved to the lowest taxonomic level possible,
which was genera at Yawzi Point and Tektite, and a combination of species and
genera at the PRS.

In addition to the hurricanes described herein, St. John also was impacted by
Hurricane Lenny on 17 November 1999 (Table S1). However, underwater damage
attributed to this storm was minor, probably due to the modest local wind
speeds (150 km h-1), and propagation of damaging waves east and south that
reduced their impacts on the southern shore of St. John. The effects of
Hurricane Lenny are not considered in the present analysis. Given the vagaries
of fieldwork extending over 31 Years, it was not possible to standardize the
timing of sampling that took place before and after each storm episode.
Sampling took place 6 weeks after Hurricane Hugo, 8 months after Hurricane
Luis, and 9 weeks after Hurricane Maria. Sampling after the two most recent
storms was comparable to sampling after Hurricane Hugo with regards to the
delay following the storms and, therefore, probably quantified mostly coral
mortality directly attributable to physical damage, and blooms of macroalgae
commensurate with the growth that is possible in two autumn months. The longer
delay in sampling after Hurricanes Marilyn and Luis probably resulted in
measurements of coral mortality that was caused both by direct physical damage
and delayed-onset disease, as well as blooms of macroalgae that can grow over
8 months extending from autumn to spring.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 55191
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String DEB-0841441
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=0841441&HistoricalAwards=false (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String National Science Foundation
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 350
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Saran Twombly
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 51702
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_nid String 55194
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_number String DEB-0343570
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=0343570&HistoricalAwards=false (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funder_name String National Science Foundation
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_acronym String NSF
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_source_nid String 350
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager String Saran Twombly
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager_nid String 51702
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_award_nid String 562593
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_award_number String DEB-1350146
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1350146 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funder_name String NSF Division of Environmental Biology
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funding_acronym String NSF DEB
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_funding_source_nid String 550432
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_program_manager String Betsy Von Holle
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_2_program_manager_nid String 701685
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_award_nid String 722162
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_award_number String OCE-1801335
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1801335 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_program_manager String Daniel Thornhill
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_3_program_manager_nid String 722161
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Coral community structure at pooled random sites between Cabritte Horn and White Point in St. John before and after five hurricanes from 1988-2017
PI: Peter J. Edmunds
Version: 2018-11-26
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.2d 13 Jun 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-11-27T17:47:54Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2018-11-28T16:20:18Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.750092.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/750092 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Photoquadrats at Yawzi Point and Tektite were recorded using cameras attached to a framer that held them perpendicular to the reef.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 750099
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String All types of photographic equipment including stills, video, film and digital systems.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/311/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Camera
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 520
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String cameras
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String acropora, agaricia, all, All_Mycetophylla, annularis, astreoides, bco, bco-dmo, biological, branching, Branching_Porites, cavernosa, chemical, coral, ctb, D_strigosa, data, dataset, decactis, dendrogyra, dichocoenia, diploria, Diploria_labrynthiformes, dmo, erddap, eusmilia, Eusmilia_fastigiata, fastigiata, faveolata, favia, Favia_fragum, fragum, franksi, intercepts, labrynthiformes, macroalgae, madracis, Madracis_decactis, management, meandrina, Meandrina_meandrites, meandrites, montastraea, Montastraea_cavernosa, mussa, mycetophylla, oceanography, office, orbicella, Orbicella_annularis, Orbicella_faveolata, Orbicella_franksi, porites, Porites_astreoides, preliminary, radians, siderastrea, Siderastrea_radians, Siderastrea_siderea, siderea, site, slide, stephanocoenia, Stephanocoenia_intercepts, strigosa, time, timing, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended
for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data
Contributor, ERD, NOAA, nor the United States Government, nor any
of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or
implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness, of this information.
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/750092 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'750092': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/750092/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Peter J. Edmunds
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51536
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Mathew Biddle
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 708682
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String RUI-LTREB Renewal: Three decades of coral reef community dynamics in St. John, USVI: 2014-2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String RUI-LTREB
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Describing how ecosystems like coral reefs are changing is at the forefront of efforts to evaluate the biological consequences of global climate change and ocean acidification. Coral reefs have become the poster child of these efforts. Amid concern that they could become ecologically extinct within a century, describing what has been lost, what is left, and what is at risk, is of paramount importance. This project exploits an unrivalled legacy of information beginning in 1987 to evaluate the form in which reefs will persist, and the extent to which they will be able to resist further onslaughts of environmental challenges. This long-term project continues a 27-year study of Caribbean coral reefs. The diverse data collected will allow the investigators to determine the roles of local and global disturbances in reef degradation. The data will also reveal the structure and function of reefs in a future with more human disturbances, when corals may no longer dominate tropical reefs.
The broad societal impacts of this project include advancing understanding of an ecosystem that has long been held emblematic of the beauty, diversity, and delicacy of the biological world. Proposed research will expose new generations of undergraduate and graduate students to natural history and the quantitative assessment of the ways in which our planet is changing. This training will lead to a more profound understanding of contemporary ecology at the same time that it promotes excellence in STEM careers and supports technology infrastructure in the United States. Partnerships will be established between universities and high schools to bring university faculty and students in contact with k-12 educators and their students, allow teachers to carry out research in inspiring coral reef locations, and motivate children to pursue STEM careers. Open access to decades of legacy data will stimulate further research and teaching.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2019-04
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String USVI
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String RUI-LTREB Renewal: Three decades of coral reef community dynamics in St. John, USVI: 2014-2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 734983
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://coralreefs.csun.edu/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2014-05
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Mathew Biddle
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager(s)
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v29
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String These files contain data that support an analysis of the effects of two major hurricanes on coral reefs that have been extensively studied for more than three decades. Major tropical storms are destructive phenomena with large effects on the community dynamics of multiple biomes. On coral reefs, their impacts have been described for decades, leading to the expectation that future storms should have effects similar to those recorded in the past. This expectation relies on the assumption that storm intensities will remain unchanged, and the impacted coral reef communities are similar to those of the recent past; neither assumption is correct. These data support a study quantifying the effects of two category five hurricanes on the reefs of St. John, US Virgin Islands, where 31 y of time-series analyses reveal chronic coral mortality, increasing macroalgal abundance, and five major hurricanes that caused acute coral mortality. Contextualized by these trends, the effects of the most recent storms, Hurricanes Irma and Maria (September 2017), on coral cover were modest. While mean absolute coral cover declined 1\u20134% depending on site, these effects were not statistically discernable. Following decades of increasing abundance of macroalgae, this functional group responded to the recent hurricanes with large increases in abundance on both absolute and relative scales. Decades of chronic mortality have changed the coral assemblages of St. John to create degraded communities that are resistant to severe storms.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Coral community structure at pooled random sites between Cabritte Horn and White Point in St. John before and after five hurricanes from 1988\u20132017
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5-beta
variable Site   String  
attribute Site description String Study site; Polled random sites (6 sites)
attribute Site ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Site long_name String Site
attribute Site units String unitless
variable Year   String  
attribute Year description String Sampling Year
attribute Year ioos_category String Time
attribute Year long_name String Year
attribute Year units String unitless
variable Slide   byte  
attribute Slide _FillValue byte 127
attribute Slide actual_range byte 1, 42
attribute Slide description String quadrat number; ~ 18 prior to 2000; and ~ 40 after 2000. Each quadrat is 0.5 x 0.5 m in size
attribute Slide ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Slide long_name String Slide
attribute Slide units String unitless
variable Timing   String  
attribute Timing description String Timing; indicating before and after two episodes of major hurricanes
attribute Timing ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Timing long_name String Timing
attribute Timing units String unitless
variable Orbicella_annularis   float  
attribute Orbicella_annularis _FillValue float NaN
attribute Orbicella_annularis actual_range float 0.0, 17.3
attribute Orbicella_annularis description String Orbicella_annularis percent cover
attribute Orbicella_annularis ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Orbicella_annularis long_name String Orbicella Annularis
attribute Orbicella_annularis units String percent
variable Agaricia   float  
attribute Agaricia _FillValue float NaN
attribute Agaricia actual_range float 0.0, 10.5
attribute Agaricia description String Agaricia percent cover
attribute Agaricia ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Agaricia long_name String Agaricia
attribute Agaricia units String percent
variable Dendrogyra   float  
attribute Dendrogyra _FillValue float NaN
attribute Dendrogyra actual_range float 0.0, 37.5
attribute Dendrogyra description String Dendrogyra percent cover
attribute Dendrogyra ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Dendrogyra long_name String Dendrogyra
attribute Dendrogyra units String percent
variable Dichocoenia   float  
attribute Dichocoenia _FillValue float NaN
attribute Dichocoenia actual_range float 0.0, 1.5
attribute Dichocoenia description String Dichocoenia percent cover
attribute Dichocoenia ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Dichocoenia long_name String Dichocoenia
attribute Dichocoenia units String percent
variable Diploria_labrynthiformes   float  
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes _FillValue float NaN
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes actual_range float 0.0, 6.0
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes description String Diploria_labrynthiformes percent cover
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes long_name String Diploria Labrynthiformes
attribute Diploria_labrynthiformes units String percent
variable D_strigosa   float  
attribute D_strigosa _FillValue float NaN
attribute D_strigosa actual_range float 0.0, 22.8
attribute D_strigosa description String D_strigosa percent cover
attribute D_strigosa ioos_category String Unknown
attribute D_strigosa long_name String D Strigosa
attribute D_strigosa units String percent
variable Eusmilia_fastigiata   float  
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata _FillValue float NaN
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata description String Eusmilia_fastigiata percent cover
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata long_name String Eusmilia Fastigiata
attribute Eusmilia_fastigiata units String percent
variable Favia_fragum   float  
attribute Favia_fragum _FillValue float NaN
attribute Favia_fragum actual_range float 0.0, 1.1
attribute Favia_fragum description String Favia_fragum percent cover
attribute Favia_fragum ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Favia_fragum long_name String Favia Fragum
attribute Favia_fragum units String percent
variable Madracis_decactis   float  
attribute Madracis_decactis _FillValue float NaN
attribute Madracis_decactis actual_range float 0.0, 2.5
attribute Madracis_decactis description String Madracis_decactis percent cover
attribute Madracis_decactis ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Madracis_decactis long_name String Madracis Decactis
attribute Madracis_decactis units String percent
variable Montastraea_cavernosa   float  
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa _FillValue float NaN
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa actual_range float 0.0, 39.9
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa description String Montastraea_cavernosa percent cover
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa long_name String Montastraea Cavernosa
attribute Montastraea_cavernosa units String percent
variable Orbicella_faveolata   float  
attribute Orbicella_faveolata _FillValue float NaN
attribute Orbicella_faveolata actual_range float 0.0, 22.0
attribute Orbicella_faveolata description String Orbicella_faveolata percent cover
attribute Orbicella_faveolata ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Orbicella_faveolata long_name String Orbicella Faveolata
attribute Orbicella_faveolata units String percent
variable Orbicella_franksi   float  
attribute Orbicella_franksi _FillValue float NaN
attribute Orbicella_franksi actual_range float 0.0, 16.8
attribute Orbicella_franksi description String Orbicella_franksi percent cover
attribute Orbicella_franksi ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Orbicella_franksi long_name String Orbicella Franksi
attribute Orbicella_franksi units String percent
variable Meandrina_meandrites   float  
attribute Meandrina_meandrites _FillValue float NaN
attribute Meandrina_meandrites actual_range float 0.0, 20.3
attribute Meandrina_meandrites description String Meandrina_meandrites percent cover
attribute Meandrina_meandrites ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Meandrina_meandrites long_name String Meandrina Meandrites
attribute Meandrina_meandrites units String percent
variable Mussa   float  
attribute Mussa _FillValue float NaN
attribute Mussa actual_range float 0.0, 7.9
attribute Mussa description String Mussa percent cover
attribute Mussa ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Mussa long_name String Mussa
attribute Mussa units String percent
variable Porites_astreoides   float  
attribute Porites_astreoides _FillValue float NaN
attribute Porites_astreoides actual_range float 0.0, 10.2
attribute Porites_astreoides description String Porites_astreoides percent cover
attribute Porites_astreoides ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Porites_astreoides long_name String Porites Astreoides
attribute Porites_astreoides units String percent
variable Branching_Porites   float  
attribute Branching_Porites _FillValue float NaN
attribute Branching_Porites actual_range float 0.0, 3.1
attribute Branching_Porites description String Branching_Porites percent cover
attribute Branching_Porites ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Branching_Porites long_name String Branching Porites
attribute Branching_Porites units String percent
variable Stephanocoenia_intercepts   float  
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts _FillValue float NaN
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts actual_range float 0.0, 3.4
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts description String Stephanocoenia_intercepts percent cover
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts long_name String Stephanocoenia Intercepts
attribute Stephanocoenia_intercepts units String percent
variable Siderastrea_radians   float  
attribute Siderastrea_radians _FillValue float NaN
attribute Siderastrea_radians actual_range float 0.0, 1.1
attribute Siderastrea_radians description String Siderastrea_radians percent cover
attribute Siderastrea_radians ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Siderastrea_radians long_name String Siderastrea Radians
attribute Siderastrea_radians units String percent
variable Siderastrea_siderea   float  
attribute Siderastrea_siderea _FillValue float NaN
attribute Siderastrea_siderea actual_range float 0.0, 27.6
attribute Siderastrea_siderea description String Siderastrea_siderea percent cover
attribute Siderastrea_siderea ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Siderastrea_siderea long_name String Siderastrea Siderea
attribute Siderastrea_siderea units String percent
variable All_Mycetophylla   float  
attribute All_Mycetophylla _FillValue float NaN
attribute All_Mycetophylla actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute All_Mycetophylla description String All_Mycetophylla percent cover
attribute All_Mycetophylla ioos_category String Unknown
attribute All_Mycetophylla long_name String All Mycetophylla
attribute All_Mycetophylla units String percent
variable Acropora   float  
attribute Acropora _FillValue float NaN
attribute Acropora actual_range float 0.0, 5.0
attribute Acropora description String Acropora percent cover
attribute Acropora ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Acropora long_name String Acropora
attribute Acropora units String percent
variable CTB   float  
attribute CTB _FillValue float NaN
attribute CTB actual_range float 1.1, 96.1
attribute CTB description String combined category of crustose coralline algae; algal turf; and bare space percent cover
attribute CTB ioos_category String Unknown
attribute CTB long_name String CTB
attribute CTB units String percent
variable Macroalgae   float  
attribute Macroalgae _FillValue float NaN
attribute Macroalgae actual_range float 0.0, 97.3
attribute Macroalgae description String summation of macroalgae mostly in the genera Halimeda; Lobophora; Dictyota percent cover
attribute Macroalgae ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Macroalgae long_name String Macroalgae
attribute Macroalgae units String percent
variable Coral   float  
attribute Coral _FillValue float NaN
attribute Coral actual_range float 0.0, 54.5
attribute Coral description String combined coral cover percent cover
attribute Coral ioos_category String Unknown
attribute Coral long_name String Coral
attribute Coral units String percent

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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