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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Coral community hourly metabolism from outdoor flumes at the UCB Gump Research Station
Moorea, French Polynesia from November of 2015 to March of 2016
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String See Carpenter et al. (2018) for a detailed overview of the methodology of the
experiment designed to measure coral reef community metabolism responses to
ocean acidification over a 4-month period from November 13th, 2015 to March
15th, 2016 in outdoor flumes at the UCB Gump Research Station Moorea, French

Hourly metabolism data:
Community Gnet was measured using the alkalinity anomaly method (after Smith
(1973)), and community Pnet was measured using changes in dissolved oxygen
(DO). Calculated per hour.

Community composition:
~\u200925% coral cover, comprised of 11% cover of massive Porites spp., 7%
Porites rus, 4% Montipora spp. and 3% Pocillopora spp. There
was\u2009~\u20097% cover of crustose coralline algae (CCA), with 4% Porolithon
onkodes and 3% Lithophyllum kotschyanum, and ~\u20095% cover of small pieces
(i.e., ~\u20091-cm diameter) of coral rubble (Fig. S2, Carpenter et al.,
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 536317
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1415268
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1415268 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Carpenter 2018: hourly metabolism
PI: Robert Carpenter
Data Version 1: 2020-02-25
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-02-01T23:13:11Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2020-03-06T18:22:48Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.754685.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/754685 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, data, dataset, dmo, erddap, flume, gnet, Gnet_N, Gnet_SE, hrs, management, mean, Mean_Gnet, Mean_Pnet, oceanography, office, pnet, Pnet_N, Pnet_SE, preliminary, time, Time_hrs, treatment
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/754685/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/754685 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'754685': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/754685/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Robert Carpenter
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51535
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Peter J. Edmunds
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51536
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String California State University Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String CSU-Northridge
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Griffin Srednick
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 737324
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Technician
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Amber York
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 643627
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String OA_Corals
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String OA_Corals
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String While coral reefs have undergone unprecedented changes in community structure in the past 50 y, they now may be exposed to their gravest threat since the Triassic. This threat is increasing atmospheric CO2, which equilibrates with seawater and causes ocean acidification (OA). In the marine environment, the resulting decline in carbonate saturation state (Omega) makes it energetically less feasible for calcifying taxa to mineralize; this is a major concern for coral reefs. It is possible that the scleractinian architects of reefs will cease to exist as a mineralized taxon within a century, and that calcifying algae will be severely impaired. While there is a rush to understand these effects and make recommendations leading to their mitigation, these efforts are influenced strongly by the notion that the impacts of pCO2 (which causes Omega to change) on calcifying taxa, and the mechanisms that drive them, are well-known. The investigators believe that many of the key processes of mineralization on reefs that are potentially affected by OA are only poorly known and that current knowledge is inadequate to support the scaling of OA effects to the community level. It is vital to measure organismal-scale calcification of key taxa, elucidate the mechanistic bases of these responses, evaluate community scale calcification, and finally, to conduct focused experiments to describe the functional relationships between these scales of mineralization.
This project is a 4-y effort focused on the effects of Ocean Acidification (OA) on coral reefs at multiple spatial and functional scales. The project focuses on the corals, calcified algae, and coral reefs of Moorea, French Polynesia, establishes baseline community-wide calcification data for the detection of OA effects on a decadal-scale, and builds on the research context and climate change focus of the Moorea Coral Reef LTER.
This project is a hypothesis-driven approach to compare the effects of OA on reef taxa and coral reefs in Moorea. The PIs will utilize microcosms to address the impacts and mechanisms of OA on biological processes, as well as the ecological processes shaping community structure. Additionally, studies of reef-wide metabolism will be used to evaluate the impacts of OA on intact reef ecosystems, to provide a context within which the experimental investigations can be scaled to the real world, and critically, to provide a much needed reference against which future changes can be gauged.
The following publications and data resulted from this project:
2016    Edmunds P.J. and 15 others.  Integrating the effects of ocean acidification across functional scales on tropical coral reefs.  Bioscience (in press Feb 2016) **not yet available**
2016    Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Lantz CA, Edmunds PJ.  Parameterization of the response of calcification to temperature and pCO2 in the coral Acropora pulchra and the alga Lithophyllum kotschyanum.  Coral Reefs (in press Feb 2016)
2016    Brown D., Edmunds P.J.  Differences in the responses of three scleractinians and the hydrocoral Millepora platyphylla to ocean acidification.  Marine Biology (in press Feb 2016) **available soon**MarBio. 2016: calcification and biomassMarBio. 2016: tank conditions
2016    Comeau, S., Carpenter, R.C., Edmunds, P.J.  Effects of pCO2 on photosynthesis and respiration of tropical scleractinian corals and calcified algae.  ICES Journal of Marine Science doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv267
2015    Evensen NR, Edmunds PJ, Sakai K.  Effects of pCO2 on the capacity for spatial competition by the corals Montipora aequituberculata and massive Porites spp. Marine Ecology Progress Series 541: 123–134. doi: 10.3354/meps11512MEPS 2015: chemistryMEPS 2015: field surveyMEPS 2015: linear extensionDownload data for this publication (Excel file)
2015    Comeau S., Lantz C. A., Edmunds P. J., Carpenter R. C. Framework of barrier reefs threatened by ocean acidification. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.13023
2015    Comeau, S., Carpenter, R. C., Lantz, C. A., and Edmunds, P. J. Ocean acidification accelerates dissolution of experimental coral reef communities, Biogeosciences, 12, 365-372, doi:10.5194/bg-12-365-2015.calcification rates - flume exptcarbonate chemistry - flume expt
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.847986
2014    Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Edmunds PJ.  Effects of irradiance on the response of the coral Acropora pulchra and the calcifying alga Hydrolithon reinboldii to temperature elevation and ocean acidification.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (in press)
2014    Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Nojiri Y, Putnam HM, Sakai K, Edmunds PJ.  Pacific-wide contrast highlights resistance of reef calcifiers to ocean acidification.  Royal Society of London (B) 281: doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.1339
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.832834
2014    Comeau, S., Edmunds, P. J., Lantz, C. A., & Carpenter, R. C. Water flow modulates the response of coral reef communities to ocean acidification. Scientific Reports, 4. doi:10.1038/srep06681calcification rates - flume exptcarbonate chemistry - flume expt
2014    Comeau, S., Edmunds, P. J., Spindel, N. B., & Carpenter, R. C. Fast coral reef calcifiers are more sensitive to ocean acidification in short-term laboratory incubations. Limnology and Oceanography, 59(3), 1081–1091. doi:10.4319/lo.2014.59.3.1081algae_calcificationcoral_calcification
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.832584
2014    Comeau S, Edmunds PJ, Spindel NB, Carpenter RC.  Diel pCO2 oscillations modulate the response of the coral Acropora hyacinthus to ocean acidification. Marine Ecology Progress Series 453: 28-35
2013    Comeau, S, Carpenter, RC, Edmunds PJ. Response to coral reef calcification: carbonate, bicarbonate and proton flux under conditions of increasing ocean acidification. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 280: doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.1153
2013    Comeau S, Carpenter RC. Edmunds PJ.  Effects of feeding and light intensity on the response of the coral Porites rus to ocean acidification.  Marine Biology 160: 1127-1134
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.829815
2013    Comeau, S., Edmunds, P. J., Spindel, N. B., Carpenter, R. C. The responses of eight coral reef calcifiers to increasing partial pressure of CO2 do not exhibit a tipping point. Limnol. Oceanogr. 58, 388–398.algae_calcificationcoral_calcification
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.833687
2012    Comeau, S., Carpenter, R. C., & Edmunds, P. J. Coral reef calcifiers buffer their response to ocean acidification using both bicarbonate and carbonate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1753), 20122374. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.2374carbonate_chemistrylight_dark_calcificationmean_calcification
External data repository: http://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.832834
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2014-12
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Moorea, French Polynesia
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String The effects of ocean acidification on the organismic biology and community ecology of corals, calcified algae, and coral reefs
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2242
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2011-01
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This dataset contains hourly coral community metabolism data from outdoor flumes at the UCB Gump Research Station Moorea, French Polynesia. These measurements were taken during an experiment designed to measure coral reef community metabolism responses to ocean acidification over a 4-month period from November 13th, 2015 to March 15th, 2016. These data were published in Carpenter et al. (2018).
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Coral community hourly metabolism from outdoor flumes at the UCB Gump Research Station Moorea, French Polynesia from November of 2015 to March of 2016
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable Flume   byte  
attribute Flume _FillValue byte 127
attribute Flume actual_range byte 1, 4
attribute Flume bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute Flume description String Flume number (1; 2; 3; 4)
attribute Flume long_name String Flume
attribute Flume units String unitless
variable Treatment   short  
attribute Treatment _FillValue short 32767
attribute Treatment actual_range short 344, 1146
attribute Treatment bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Treatment description String pCO2 treatment (values 344; 633; 870; 1146)
attribute Treatment long_name String Treatment
attribute Treatment units String unitless
variable Time_hrs   float  
attribute Time_hrs _FillValue float NaN
attribute Time_hrs actual_range float 3.0, 21.0
attribute Time_hrs bcodmo_name String time_elapsed
attribute Time_hrs description String Time (hours) of day, continuous (decimal).
attribute Time_hrs long_name String Time Hrs
attribute Time_hrs nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ELTMZZZZ/ (external link)
attribute Time_hrs units String hours
variable Mean_Gnet   float  
attribute Mean_Gnet _FillValue float NaN
attribute Mean_Gnet actual_range float -0.04, 7.19
attribute Mean_Gnet bcodmo_name String calcification
attribute Mean_Gnet description String Net community calcification averaged across incubations
attribute Mean_Gnet long_name String Mean Gnet
attribute Mean_Gnet units String millimoles per meter squared per hour (mmol/m2/h)
variable Gnet_SE   float  
attribute Gnet_SE _FillValue float NaN
attribute Gnet_SE actual_range float 0.1, 0.71
attribute Gnet_SE bcodmo_name String calcification
attribute Gnet_SE description String Standard error of community calcification across incubations
attribute Gnet_SE long_name String Gnet SE
attribute Gnet_SE units String millimoles per meter squared per hour (mmol/m2/h)
variable Gnet_N   byte  
attribute Gnet_N _FillValue byte 127
attribute Gnet_N actual_range byte 5, 7
attribute Gnet_N bcodmo_name String count
attribute Gnet_N description String Number of incubations for community calcification
attribute Gnet_N long_name String Gnet N
attribute Gnet_N units String number per incubation
variable Mean_Pnet   float  
attribute Mean_Pnet _FillValue float NaN
attribute Mean_Pnet actual_range float -6.7, 13.51
attribute Mean_Pnet bcodmo_name String Primary Production
attribute Mean_Pnet description String Net primary production averaged across incubations
attribute Mean_Pnet long_name String Mean Pnet
attribute Mean_Pnet units String millimoles per meter squared per hour (mmol/m2/h)
variable Pnet_SE   float  
attribute Pnet_SE _FillValue float NaN
attribute Pnet_SE actual_range float 0.25, 2.11
attribute Pnet_SE bcodmo_name String Primary Production
attribute Pnet_SE description String Standard error of primary production across incubations
attribute Pnet_SE long_name String Pnet SE
attribute Pnet_SE units String millimoles per meter squared per hour (mmol/m2/h)
variable Pnet_N   byte  
attribute Pnet_N _FillValue byte 127
attribute Pnet_N actual_range byte 5, 7
attribute Pnet_N bcodmo_name String count
attribute Pnet_N description String Number of incubations for primary production
attribute Pnet_N long_name String Pnet N
attribute Pnet_N units String number per incubation

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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