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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
   set  data   graph     files  public Continous Plankton Recorder phytoplankton and zooplankton occurrence and count data from The
CPR Survey in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2014 to 2019
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson,.odvTxt
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Sampling occurred between 5 and 10 meters depth. The sample size was 3 cubic
meters. For complete methodology, refer to Richardson et al (2006).

Data were extracted and zipped from the CPR Survey database using GBIF/IPT
([https://www.gbif.org/ipt](\\"https://www.gbif.org/ipt\\")) v. 2.3.6.

The occurrence.txt table contains rows for every taxon that was identified. To
determine which taxa were looked for but not found, cross-reference the
TaxonId field with the contents of [https://www.dassh.ac.uk/ipt/archive.do?r
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 547834
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1154661
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1154661 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_nid String 700314
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_award_number String OCE-1657887
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_data_url String https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1657887 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_1_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Continous Plankton Recorder phytoplankton and zooplankton occurrence and count data from North Atlantic Ocean, 2014-2019
PI: D. Johns (MBA)
data version: 2020-05-25
NOTE: large file, slow to load
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL dataset_current_state String Final with updates expected
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-04-17T19:54:48Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2020-06-04T17:28:15Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.26008/1912/bco-dmo.765141.2
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -23.092
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 64.907
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 36.28
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -23.092
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -74.743
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_max double 10.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_min double 10.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_positive String down
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_units String m
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/765141 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String CPR
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 765150
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String The CPR is a plankton sampling instrument designed to be towed from merchant ships or ships of opportunity on their normal sailings. The CPR is towed at a depth of approximately 10 metres. Water passes through the CPR and plankton are filtered onto a slow-moving band of silk (270 micrometre mesh size) and covered by a second silk. The silks and plankton are then spooled into a storage tank containing formalin. On return to the laboratory, the silk is removed from the mechanism and divided into samples representing 10 nautical miles (19 km) of tow.

CPR samples are analyzed in two ways. Firstly, the Phytoplankton Color Index (PCI) is determined for each sample. The colour of the silk is evaluated against a standard colour chart and given a 'green-ness' value based on the visual discoloration of the CPR silk produced by green chlorophyll pigments; the PCI is a semiquantitative estimate of phytoplankton biomass. In this way the PCI takes into account the chloroplasts of broken cells and small phytoplankton which cannot be counted during the microscopic analysis stage. After determination of the PCI, microscopic analysis is undertaken for each sample, and individual phytoplankton and zooplanktontaxa are identified and counted.

Reid, P.C.; Colebrook, J.M.; Matthews, J.B.L.; Aiken, J.; et al. (2003). "The Continuous Plankton Recorder: concepts and history, from plankton indicator to undulating recorders".Progress in Oceanography 58(2-4): 117-175. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2003.08.002.

Warner, A.J., and Hays, G.C.,; Hays, G (1994). "Sampling by the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey". Progress in Oceanography 34(2â€"3): 237â€"256. doi:10.1016/0079-6611(94)90011-6.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Continous Plankton Recorder
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 641833
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String basis, basisOfRecord, bco, bco-dmo, biological, catalogNumber, chemical, count, data, dataset, datasetName, date, datum, depth, dmo, erddap, event, eventID, field, fieldNumber, geodetic, geodeticDatum, holder, individual, individualCount, institution, institutionID, iso, latitude, longitude, management, maximum, maximumDepthInMeters, meters, minimum, minimumDepthInMeters, modified, modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC, name, number, occurrence, occurrenceID, oceanography, office, preliminary, record, rights, rightsHolder, sample, sampleSizeUnit, sampleSizeValue, scientific, scientificName, scientificNameID, size, taxon, taxonID, time, unit, value
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/765141/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/765141 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 64.907
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'765141': {'decimalLongitude': 'flag - longitude', 'decimalLatitude': 'flag - latitude', 'maximumDepthInMeters': 'flag - depth', 'event_ISO_DateTime_UTC': 'flag - time'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/765141/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String WHOI
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Peter H. Wiebe
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 50454
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String MBA
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String David Johns
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 641840
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Scientist
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String MBA
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Martin Edwards
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 641839
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Project Coordinator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String MBA
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Derek Broughton
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 765245
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String CPR Plankton Survey
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String CPR Plankton Survey
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String NSF award abstract (OCE-1657887):
The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey (1931 to present) is the only long-term and ocean basin wide operational survey of plankton in the world. CPR observations are critical in evaluating and quantifying the scale and effects of impacts from climate change, acidification, eutrophication, loss of biodiversity to over fishing as well as providing a "backbone" to developing Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management practices. The required ecosystem observing program includes phytoplankton and zooplankton that are measured by the Continuous Plankton Recorder surveys. These surveys represent some of the longest and most cost effective observing programs in marine systems. This project will significantly contribute to international programs such as the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), GEO-BON, the International Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the Scientific Commission on Oceanic Research (SCOR), the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO), and the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). Products from the survey are also being used to construct and validate a new generation of ecosystem, fishery, and climate models.
This award will support the continuation of USA support to help maintain core monitoring of zooplankton and phytoplankton by the CPR routes in the western Atlantic from Iceland down to the eastern margin of the USA. Maintaining the CPRs, their internal mechanisms, and the preparation of the silks is an important part of the work of the survey. Samples cut from the silk that represent ~10 nautical miles are analysed under a microscope and the species identified, all to standard procedures. In the analysis, the color of the silks is assessed visually to a standard scale as the "Phytoplankton Color Index". The data will be used to describe the long-term, pelagic variability and diversity of plankton in the NW Atlantic and will help scientists interpret marine biological changes and to distinguish between anthropogenic, climatically forced, and natural plankton variability. The analysis of the CPR data will be directed to incorporate marine management issues and include studies on: large-scale environmental change; biodiversity and invasive species; sustainable use of marine bio-resources; ecosystem health and ocean acidification. All these themes are highly relevant to emerging scientific questions, US marine policy and management interests, and the main societal concerns on the marine environment. Throughout the duration of the project it is envisaged that the data collected will provide invaluable information in addressing these highly topical themes and understanding these impacts on the marine ecosystems of the NW Atlantic.
Note: The project description from the previous award (OCE-1154661) can be found on the NSF website.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2022-03
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Western North Atlantic Ocean
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survey: Monitoring the Plankton of the North Atlantic
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 547835
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String https://www.mba.ac.uk/fellows/cpr-survey (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2012-04
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 36.28
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL subsetVariables String rightsHolder,institutionID,datasetName,sampleSizeUnit,sampleSizeValue,minimumDepthInMeters,geodeticDatum,basisOfRecord
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Continous Plankton Recorder phytoplankton and zooplankton occurrence and count data from the Marine Biological Association of the UK, the CPR Survey, in the North Atlantic Ocean from Jan. 2014 to Jan. 2019.
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_end String 2019-01-02T20:27:00Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_start String 2014-01-12T13:12:00Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Continous Plankton Recorder phytoplankton and zooplankton occurrence and count data from The CPR Survey in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2014 to 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 2
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -74.743
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5
variable time   double  
attribute time _CoordinateAxisType String Time
attribute time actual_range double 1.38953232E9, 1.54646082E9
attribute time axis String T
attribute time bcodmo_name String ISO_DateTime_UTC
attribute time description String Date and time sample was collected (UTC)
attribute time ioos_category String Time
attribute time long_name String Event ISO Date Time UTC
attribute time nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/DTUT8601/ (external link)
attribute time source_name String event_ISO_DateTime_UTC
attribute time standard_name String time
attribute time time_origin String 01-JAN-1970 00:00:00
attribute time time_precision String 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z
attribute time units String seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z
variable eventID   String  
attribute eventID bcodmo_name String sample
attribute eventID description String CPR Survey unique sample identifier
attribute eventID long_name String Event ID
attribute eventID nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P02/current/ACYC/ (external link)
attribute eventID units String unitless
variable modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC   String  
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC bcodmo_name String ISO_DateTime_UTC
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC description String Last date modified (UTC)
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC long_name String Modified ISO Date Time UTC
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/DTUT8601/ (external link)
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC time_precision String 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z
attribute modified_ISO_DateTime_UTC units String unitless
variable rightsHolder   String  
attribute rightsHolder bcodmo_name String responsible_entity
attribute rightsHolder description String entity holding rights for data
attribute rightsHolder long_name String Rights Holder
attribute rightsHolder units String unitless
variable institutionID   String  
attribute institutionID bcodmo_name String responsible_entity
attribute institutionID description String insitution identifier
attribute institutionID long_name String Institution ID
attribute institutionID units String unitless
variable datasetName   String  
attribute datasetName bcodmo_name String project
attribute datasetName description String name of dataset (CPR = Continuous Plankton Recorder)
attribute datasetName long_name String Dataset Name
attribute datasetName units String unitless
variable sampleSizeUnit   String  
attribute sampleSizeUnit bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute sampleSizeUnit description String sample size units
attribute sampleSizeUnit long_name String Sample Size Unit
attribute sampleSizeUnit units String meters^3
variable sampleSizeValue   byte  
attribute sampleSizeValue _FillValue byte 127
attribute sampleSizeValue actual_range byte 3, 3
attribute sampleSizeValue bcodmo_name String vol_filt
attribute sampleSizeValue description String volume of sample
attribute sampleSizeValue long_name String Sample Size Value
attribute sampleSizeValue units String unitless
variable fieldNumber   String  
attribute fieldNumber bcodmo_name String tow
attribute fieldNumber description String CPR Survey tow ID
attribute fieldNumber long_name String Field Number
attribute fieldNumber units String unitless
variable depth   double  
attribute depth _CoordinateAxisType String Height
attribute depth _CoordinateZisPositive String down
attribute depth _FillValue double NaN
attribute depth actual_range double 10.0, 10.0
attribute depth axis String Z
attribute depth bcodmo_name String depth_max
attribute depth description String maximum depth of sampling
attribute depth ioos_category String Location
attribute depth long_name String Maximum Depth In Meters
attribute depth positive String down
attribute depth standard_name String depth
attribute depth units String m
variable minimumDepthInMeters   byte  
attribute minimumDepthInMeters _FillValue byte 127
attribute minimumDepthInMeters actual_range byte 5, 5
attribute minimumDepthInMeters bcodmo_name String depth_min
attribute minimumDepthInMeters description String minimum depth of sampling
attribute minimumDepthInMeters long_name String Minimum Depth In Meters
attribute minimumDepthInMeters units String meters
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 36.28, 64.907
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String latitude of sample; north is positive
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute latitude source_name String decimalLatitude
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -74.743, -23.092
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String longitude
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String longitude of sample; east is positive
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/ (external link)
attribute longitude source_name String decimalLongitude
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable geodeticDatum   String  
attribute geodeticDatum bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute geodeticDatum description String EPSG Geodetic location code
attribute geodeticDatum long_name String Geodetic Datum
attribute geodeticDatum units String unitless
variable basisOfRecord   String  
attribute basisOfRecord bcodmo_name String sampling_method
attribute basisOfRecord description String method by which sample identification and count were determined
attribute basisOfRecord long_name String Basis Of Record
attribute basisOfRecord units String unitless
variable taxonID   short  
attribute taxonID _FillValue short 32767
attribute taxonID actual_range short 1, 10745
attribute taxonID bcodmo_name String taxon_code
attribute taxonID description String CPR Survey’s taxon id
attribute taxonID long_name String Taxon ID
attribute taxonID units String unitless
variable scientificNameID   int  
attribute scientificNameID _FillValue int 2147483647
attribute scientificNameID actual_range int 0, 841190
attribute scientificNameID bcodmo_name String taxon_code
attribute scientificNameID description String APHIA id from WoRMS (http://www.marinespecies.org/)
attribute scientificNameID long_name String Scientific Name ID
attribute scientificNameID units String unitless
variable scientificName   String  
attribute scientificName bcodmo_name String taxon
attribute scientificName description String Taxonomic name from WoRMS
attribute scientificName long_name String Scientific Name
attribute scientificName units String unitless
variable occurrenceID   String  
attribute occurrenceID bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute occurrenceID description String CPR Survey unique occurrence identifier
attribute occurrenceID long_name String Occurrence ID
attribute occurrenceID units String unitless
variable catalogNumber   String  
attribute catalogNumber bcodmo_name String sample
attribute catalogNumber description String CPR Survey catalog number
attribute catalogNumber long_name String Catalog Number
attribute catalogNumber nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P02/current/ACYC/ (external link)
attribute catalogNumber units String unitless
variable individualCount   int  
attribute individualCount _FillValue int 2147483647
attribute individualCount actual_range int 0, 750000
attribute individualCount bcodmo_name String count
attribute individualCount description String number of individuals counts on sample mesh. See Richardson et al (2006) for details.
attribute individualCount long_name String Individual Count
attribute individualCount units String unitless

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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