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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Percent coral cover - Jarvis island    ?         M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_775830

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Repeat transect surveys were conducted at Jarvis during the height of the
bleaching event (November 2015), at six months (May 2016), and again at
sixteen months (April 2017) post-bleaching. Three 50 m surveyed at each of
three depths (shallow: 5-14 m, mid-depth: 15-19 m, and deep: 20-25 m) on the
west (all depths: 0.369 \u00baS, 160.008 \u00baW) and east sides (shallow:
0.374 \u00baS, 159.983 \u00baW, mid and deep: 0.367 \u00baS, 159.979 \u00baW)
of the island. Each replicate 50 m transect was laid approximately 5 m apart
in the cross-shore direction, and a photograph of a 0.5m x 0.5m quadrat taken
every meter.

Percent coral cover which was collected from photographic surveys\u00a0on the
east and west side of Jarvis Island, aboard:

* NOAA ship Hi\u2019ialakai\u00a0 (2\u20135 April 2017), \u00a0

* R/V Machias (12\u201315 November 2015)

* NOAA ship Oscar Elton Sette (17\u201323 May 2016)

Research activities and sample collection were conducted under U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service Pacific Reefs National Wildlife Refuge Complex Research and
Monitoring Special Use Permits:

* 12521-10001 (effective date: 15 Jan 2010; expiration date: 30 May 2010),

* 12521-12001 (effective date: 7 Feb 2012; expiration date: 31 Dec 2012),

* 12521-12005 (effective date: 29 Aug 2012; expiration date: 30 June 2014),

* 12521-14001 (effective date: 1 Jan 2015; expiration date: 31 Dec 2015), and

* 12513-15001 (effective date: 11 Nov 2015; expiration date: 31 Dec 2015)

and in compliance with Presidential Proclamation 8336.

attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 768533
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1737311
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1737311 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Daniel Thornhill
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 722161
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Cover data
PI: Anne Cohen
Data Version 1: 2019-09-30
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-08-22T18:46:21Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-11-04T21:54:53Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.775830.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -159.97881
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double -0.36776
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double -0.37394
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -159.97881
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -160.00823
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_positive String down
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_units String m
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/775830 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, bleached, chemical, cover, data, dataset, depth, depth_bin, dmo, erddap, latitude, longitude, management, oceanography, office, pcnt, pcnt_cover, pcnt_cover_bleached, preliminary, transect, transect_ID, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/775830/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/775830 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double -0.36776
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'775830': {'depth_bin': 'flag - depth', 'latitude': 'flag - latitude', 'longitude': 'flag - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/775830/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String WHOI
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Anne L Cohen
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51428
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Karen Soenen
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 748773
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Coral Bleaching Skeletal Records
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Coral Bleaching Skeletal Records
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String NSF abstract:
Ocean warming kills corals and efforts are underway to identify and protect coral reefs that may withstand the projected 21st century rise in tropical ocean temperatures. Coral reefs in the central equatorial Pacific (CEP) have been exposed to episodes of extreme warmth every 3-7 years for centuries, if not millennia, yet remain highly productive ecosystems. Initial data obtained by the investigator from stress signatures archived in the skeletons of long lived coral species, suggests that CEP reefs lose their symbiotic algae or bleach, sometimes severely, during warm episodes. The observation that CEP reefs bleach repetitively yet remain productive implies uncommon resilience to ocean warming. The investigator will use laboratory experiments and field observations to validate skeletal records of historical bleaching. A successful outcome will provide novel and valuable insights into the resilience of the CEP reefs and a new tool with which to identify thermally tolerant coral reef ecosystems across the tropics. Additionally, this project includes mentorship of a postdoc and six undergraduate or high school students, outreach through presentations and media, and expansion of publically available software for coral stress band analysis.
Ocean warming projections indicate severe impacts to coral reefs will occur on an annual basis within the next few decades. Consequently, a coordinated effort is underway to identify reefs that might survive these changes. The investigator will test the hypothesis that such reefs exist at the epicenter of influence of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), where strong inter-annual temperature variability creates conditions conducive for the development of thermal resilience. The project uses laboratory-based bleaching experiments and actual stress signatures accreted by wild corals during the 2015 El Niño to validate signatures of historical bleaching archived in the skeletons of massive reef building corals. In addition the investigator will use new, long cores from the CEP to build a robust dataset of historical bleaching back to the 1800's. A successful outcome will increase confidence in the interpretation of skeletal stress bands as quantitative bleaching proxies and enable the reconstruction of the history of coral reef bleaching and recovery in the CEP.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2020-07
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Central Equatorial Pacific
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Skeletal Records of Coral Reef Bleaching in the Central Equatorial Pacific
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 768534
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2017-08
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double -0.37394
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This dataset contains percent coral cover which was collected from photographic surveys conducted along triplicate 50\u2009m transects spanning 5\u2009m to 25\u2009m depth on the east and west side of Jarvis Island (0.37\u00b0S, 159.99\u00b0W) in 2015, 2016, and 2017.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Percent coral cover - Jarvis island
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -160.00823
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable transect_ID   String  
attribute transect_ID bcodmo_name String transect
attribute transect_ID description String identifier for each transect survey
attribute transect_ID long_name String Transect ID
attribute transect_ID units String unitless
variable year   short  
attribute year _FillValue short 32767
attribute year actual_range short 2015, 2017
attribute year bcodmo_name String year
attribute year description String year in which transect surveys were conducted
attribute year long_name String Year
attribute year nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/YEARXXXX/ (external link)
attribute year units String unitless
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double -0.37394, -0.36776
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String lat_begin
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String latitude of the start of the transect survey; north = positive
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ALATZZ01/ (external link)
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -160.00823, -159.97881
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String lon_begin
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String longitude of the start of the transect survey; east = positive
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ALONZZ01/ (external link)
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable depth   double  
attribute depth _CoordinateAxisType String Height
attribute depth _CoordinateZisPositive String down
attribute depth _FillValue double NaN
attribute depth axis String Z
attribute depth bcodmo_name String depth
attribute depth description String depth bin of transect survey
attribute depth ioos_category String Location
attribute depth long_name String Depth
attribute depth nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/DEPH/ (external link)
attribute depth positive String down
attribute depth standard_name String depth
attribute depth units String m
variable pcnt_cover   float  
attribute pcnt_cover _FillValue float NaN
attribute pcnt_cover actual_range float 0.0, 42.4
attribute pcnt_cover bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute pcnt_cover description String observed live coral cover
attribute pcnt_cover long_name String Pcnt Cover
attribute pcnt_cover units String percentage (%)
variable pcnt_cover_bleached   float  
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached _FillValue float NaN
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached actual_range float 0.0, 100.0
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached bcodmo_name String cover_pcent
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached description String observed bleached coral cover
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached long_name String Pcnt Cover Bleached
attribute pcnt_cover_bleached units String percentage (%)

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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