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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Growth data from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments on Menidia
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Wild adults were collected using a 30 x 2 m beach seine and strip-spawned in
the laboratory the following day. 100 embryos were then placed in each
replicate across 9 recirculating systems of different pCO2 x DO conditions
(control, intermediate, extreme) and cycling patterns (static, small diel
fluctuation, large diel fluctuation and tidal fluctuation).

pCO2 x DO conditions were measured every hour for each tank and adjusted to
the pre-determined conditions via the injection of carbon dioxide, nitrogen
gas and/or CO2-stripped air.\u00a0LabView software (National Instruments) was
used to control sampling pumps and gas and water solenoids.

Newly hatched larvae were counted each day with a subsample of 10 larvae
preserved in 5% formalin on the first day of hatching to obtain a size at
hatch measurements. All surviving larvae to 6 or 15 day post hatch were
counted and preserved in 5% formalin. Length measurements were then conducted
on calibrated images in ImagePRO up to a month after the end of the
experiment.\u00a0For more details please see Cross et al. (submitted).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 650191
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1536165
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1536165 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Growth data
from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments on Menidia menidia
PI: Hannes Baumann (UConn)
Co-PI: Emma Cross (UConn)
Version date: 20-Sept-2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-09-20T15:41:45Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-10-31T17:51:32Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.777130.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/777130 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String Water Temp Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Temperature - Aqualogic thermostats connected to submersible heaters and chillers (Deltastar)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 777138
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String General term for an instrument that measures the temperature of the water with which it is in contact (thermometer).
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/134/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Water Temperature Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 647
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Aqualogic Deltastar
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_acronym String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_description String pHNIST - Hach pHD digital electrode - calibrated twice weekly using NIST 2-point pH buffers
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_nid String 777136
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_description String General term for an instrument that measures the pH or how acidic or basic a solution is.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_name String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_nid String 674
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_supplied_name String Hach pHD digital electrode
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_acronym String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_description String Alkalinity – Metler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator calibrated with certified reference material from Dr. Andrew Dickson, University of California San Diego
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_nid String 777139
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_description String Instruments that incrementally add quantified aliquots of a reagent to a sample until the end-point of a chemical reaction is reached.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB12/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_name String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_nid String 682
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_supplied_name String Metler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_acronym String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_description String Dissolved oxygen (DO) – Optical DO probe (Hach LDO Model 2)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_nid String 777137
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_description String An electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analyzed
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_name String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_nid String 705
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_supplied_name String Hach LDO Model 2
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, cycling, Cycling_pattern, data, dataset, dmo, erddap, experiment, growth, hatch, Hatch_length, Hatch_length_SE, length, management, mean, Mean_growth_rate, Mean_growth_rate_SE, oceanography, office, pattern, preliminary, rate, tank, Tank_No, treatment
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/777130/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/777130 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'777130': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/777130/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Hannes Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 528586
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Emma L. Cross
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 777121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Christopher S. Murray
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 742121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Emma L. Cross
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 777121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String HYPOA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String HYPOA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Description from NSF award abstract:
Coastal marine ecosystems provide a number of important services and resources for humans, and at the same time, coastal waters are subject to environmental stressors such as increases in ocean acidification and reductions in dissolved oxygen. The effects of these stressors on coastal marine organisms remain poorly understood because most research to date has examined the sensitivity of species to one factor, but not to more than one in combination. This project will determine how a model fish species, the Atlantic silverside, will respond to observed and predicted levels of dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2). Shorter-term experiments will measure embryo and larval survival, growth, and metabolism, and determine whether parents experiencing stressful conditions produce more robust offspring. Longer-term experiments will study the consequences of ocean acidification over the entire life span by quantifying the effects of high-CO2 conditions on the ratio of males to females, lifetime growth, and reproductive investment. These studies will provide a more comprehensive view of how multiple stressors may impact populations of Atlantic silversides and potentially other important forage fish species. This collaborative project will support and train three graduate students at the University of Connecticut and the Stony Brook University (NY), two institutions that attract students from minority groups. It will also provide a variety of opportunities for undergraduates to participate in research and the public to learn about the study, through summer research projects, incorporation in the "Women in Science and Engineering" program, and interactive displays of environmental data from monitoring buoys. The two early-career investigators are committed to increasing ocean literacy and awareness of NSF-funded research through public talks and presentations.
This project responds to the recognized need for multi-stressor assessments of species sensitivities to anthropogenic environmental change. It will combine environmental monitoring with advanced experimental approaches to characterize early and whole life consequences of acidification and hypoxia in the Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia), a valued model species and important forage fish along most of the US east coast. Experiments will employ a newly constructed, computer-controlled fish rearing system to allow independent and combined manipulation of seawater pCO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) content and the application of static and fluctuating pCO2 and DO levels that were chosen to represent contemporary and potential future scenarios in productive coastal habitats. First CO2, DO, and CO2 × DO dependent reaction norms will be quantified for fitness-relevant early life history (ELH) traits including pre- and post-hatch survival, time to hatch, post-hatch growth, by rearing offspring collected from wild adults from fertilization to 20 days post hatch (dph) using a full factorial design of 3 CO2 × 3 DO levels. Second, the effects of tidal and diel CO2 × DO fluctuations of different amplitudes on silverside ELH traits will be quantified. To address knowledge gaps regarding the CO2-sensitivity in this species, laboratory manipulations of adult spawner environments and reciprocal offspring exposure experiments will elucidate the role of transgenerational plasticity as a potential short-term mechanism to cope with changing environments. To better understand the mechanisms of fish early life CO2-sensitivity, the effects of temperature × CO2 on pre- and post-hatch metabolism will be robustly quantified. The final objective is to rear silversides from fertilization to maturity under different CO2 levels and assess potential CO2-effects on sex ratio and whole life growth and fecundity.
Related references:
Gobler, C.J. and Baumann, H. (2016) Hypoxia and acidification in ocean ecosystems: Coupled dynamics and effects on marine life. Biology Letters 12:20150976. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0976
Baumann, H. (2016) Combined effects of ocean acidification, warming, and hypoxia on marine organisms. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures 6:1-43. doi:10.1002/loe2.10002
Depasquale, E., Baumann, H., and Gobler, C.J. (2015) Variation in early life stage vulnerability among Northwest Atlantic estuarine forage fish to ocean acidification and low oxygen Marine Ecology Progress Series 523: 145–156.doi:10.3354/meps11142
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2018-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Eastern Long Island Sound, CT, USA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Collaborative research: Understanding the effects of acidification and hypoxia within and across generations in a coastal marine fish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 650184
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-12
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Coastal ecosystems experience substantial natural fluctuations in pCO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions on diel, tidal, seasonal and interannual timescales. Rising carbon dioxide emissions and anthropogenic nutrient input are expected to increase these pCO2 and DO cycles in severity and duration of acidification and hypoxia. How coastal marine organisms respond to natural pCO2 \u00d7 DO variability and future climate change remains largely unknown. Here, we assess the impact of static and cycling pCO2 \u00d7 DO conditions of various magnitudes and frequencies on early life survival and growth of an important coastal forage fish, Menidia menidia. Static low DO conditions severely decreased embryo survival, larval survival, time to 50% hatch, size at hatch and post-larval growth rates. Static elevated pCO2 did not affect most response traits, however, a synergistic negative effect did occur on embryo survival under hypoxic conditions (3.0 mg L-1). Cycling pCO2 \u00d7 DO, however, reduced these negative effects of static conditions on all response traits with the magnitude of fluctuations influencing the extent of this reduction. This indicates that fluctuations in pCO2 and DO may benefit coastal organisms by providing periodic physiological refuge from stressful conditions, which could promote species adaptability to climate change.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Growth data from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments on Menidia menidia
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable Experiment   String  
attribute Experiment bcodmo_name String exp_id
attribute Experiment description String Experiment number
attribute Experiment long_name String Experiment
attribute Experiment units String unitless
variable Treatment   String  
attribute Treatment bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Treatment description String Experimental treatment/conditions
attribute Treatment long_name String Treatment
attribute Treatment units String unitless
variable Cycling_pattern   String  
attribute Cycling_pattern bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Cycling_pattern description String Experimental cycling pattern
attribute Cycling_pattern long_name String Cycling Pattern
attribute Cycling_pattern units String unitless
variable Tank_No   byte  
attribute Tank_No _FillValue byte 127
attribute Tank_No actual_range byte 1, 9
attribute Tank_No bcodmo_name String tank
attribute Tank_No description String Tank number
attribute Tank_No long_name String Tank No
attribute Tank_No units String unitless
variable Hatch_length   float  
attribute Hatch_length _FillValue float NaN
attribute Hatch_length actual_range float 4.1, 5.6
attribute Hatch_length bcodmo_name String length
attribute Hatch_length description String Mean size at hatch measured from calibrated images on ImagePRO of a subsample of 10 newly hatched larvae.
attribute Hatch_length long_name String Hatch Length
attribute Hatch_length units String millimeters (mm)
variable Hatch_length_SE   float  
attribute Hatch_length_SE _FillValue float NaN
attribute Hatch_length_SE actual_range float 0.02, 0.05
attribute Hatch_length_SE bcodmo_name String length
attribute Hatch_length_SE description String Standard error of Hatch_length
attribute Hatch_length_SE long_name String Hatch Length SE
attribute Hatch_length_SE units String millimeters (mm)
variable Mean_growth_rate   float  
attribute Mean_growth_rate _FillValue float NaN
attribute Mean_growth_rate actual_range float 0.18, 0.72
attribute Mean_growth_rate bcodmo_name String growth
attribute Mean_growth_rate description String Mean post-hatch growth rates to 6/15 days post hatch measured by the difference between the mean size at 6/15dph and the mean size at 0dph measured from calibrated images on ImagePRO.
attribute Mean_growth_rate long_name String Mean Growth Rate
attribute Mean_growth_rate units String millimeters per day (mm day-1)
variable Mean_growth_rate_SE   float  
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE _FillValue float NaN
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE actual_range float 0.01, 0.06
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE bcodmo_name String growth
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE description String Standard error of Mean_growth_rate
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE long_name String Mean Growth Rate SE
attribute Mean_growth_rate_SE units String millimeters per day (mm day-1)

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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