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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Carbonate chemistry data from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments
on Menidia menidia
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String Wild adults were collected using a 30 x 2 m beach seine and strip-spawned in
the laboratory the following day. 100 embryos were then placed in each
replicate across 9 recirculating systems of different pCO2 x DO conditions
(control, intermediate, extreme) and cycling patterns (static, small diel
fluctuation, large diel fluctuation and tidal fluctuation).

pCO2 x DO conditions were measured every hour for each tank and adjusted to
the pre-determined conditions via the injection of carbon dioxide, nitrogen
gas and/or CO2-stripped air.\u00a0LabView software (National Instruments) was
used to control sampling pumps and gas and water solenoids.

Seawater samples of each tank were collected three times throughout each
experiment and stored in 4\u00b0C for subsequent alkalinity measurements up to
two weeks after the experiment finished. For more details please see Cross et
al. (submitted).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 650191
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1536165
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1536165 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Carbonate chemistry data
from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments on Menidia menidia
PI: Hannes Baumann (UConn)
Co-PI: Emma Cross (UConn)
Version date: 20-Sept-2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-09-20T15:46:04Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-10-31T17:51:40Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.777144.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/777144 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String Water Temp Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Temperature - Aqualogic thermostats connected to submersible heaters and chillers (Deltastar)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 777152
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String General term for an instrument that measures the temperature of the water with which it is in contact (thermometer).
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/134/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Water Temperature Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 647
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Aqualogic Deltastar
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_acronym String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_description String pHNIST - Hach pHD digital electrode - calibrated twice weekly using NIST 2-point pH buffers
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_nid String 777150
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_description String General term for an instrument that measures the pH or how acidic or basic a solution is.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_name String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_nid String 674
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_supplied_name String Hach pHD digital electrode
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_acronym String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_description String Alkalinity – Metler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator calibrated with certified reference material from Dr. Andrew Dickson, University of California San Diego
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_nid String 777153
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_description String Instruments that incrementally add quantified aliquots of a reagent to a sample until the end-point of a chemical reaction is reached.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB12/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_name String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_nid String 682
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_supplied_name String Metler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_acronym String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_description String Dissolved oxygen (DO) – Optical DO probe (Hach LDO Model 2)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_nid String 777151
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_description String An electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analyzed
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_name String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_nid String 705
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_supplied_name String Hach LDO Model 2
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String AT_SD, bco, bco-dmo, biological, carbon, carbon dioxide, chemical, co2, cycling, Cycling_Pattern, data, dataset, density, descrip, dioxide, dmo, earth, Earth Science > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Salinity, erddap, experiment, Experiment_descrip, management, measured, Measured_DO, Measured_DO_SD, Measured_pH, Measured_pH_SD, metric, ocean, oceanography, oceans, office, pattern, pCO2, pCO2_SD, practical, preliminary, salinity, Salinity_SD, science, sea, sea_water_practical_salinity, seawater, temperature, Temperature_SD, treatment, water
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/777144/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/777144 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'777144': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/777144/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Hannes Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 528586
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Emma L. Cross
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 777121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Christopher S. Murray
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 742121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Emma L. Cross
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 777121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String HYPOA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String HYPOA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Description from NSF award abstract:
Coastal marine ecosystems provide a number of important services and resources for humans, and at the same time, coastal waters are subject to environmental stressors such as increases in ocean acidification and reductions in dissolved oxygen. The effects of these stressors on coastal marine organisms remain poorly understood because most research to date has examined the sensitivity of species to one factor, but not to more than one in combination. This project will determine how a model fish species, the Atlantic silverside, will respond to observed and predicted levels of dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2). Shorter-term experiments will measure embryo and larval survival, growth, and metabolism, and determine whether parents experiencing stressful conditions produce more robust offspring. Longer-term experiments will study the consequences of ocean acidification over the entire life span by quantifying the effects of high-CO2 conditions on the ratio of males to females, lifetime growth, and reproductive investment. These studies will provide a more comprehensive view of how multiple stressors may impact populations of Atlantic silversides and potentially other important forage fish species. This collaborative project will support and train three graduate students at the University of Connecticut and the Stony Brook University (NY), two institutions that attract students from minority groups. It will also provide a variety of opportunities for undergraduates to participate in research and the public to learn about the study, through summer research projects, incorporation in the "Women in Science and Engineering" program, and interactive displays of environmental data from monitoring buoys. The two early-career investigators are committed to increasing ocean literacy and awareness of NSF-funded research through public talks and presentations.
This project responds to the recognized need for multi-stressor assessments of species sensitivities to anthropogenic environmental change. It will combine environmental monitoring with advanced experimental approaches to characterize early and whole life consequences of acidification and hypoxia in the Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia), a valued model species and important forage fish along most of the US east coast. Experiments will employ a newly constructed, computer-controlled fish rearing system to allow independent and combined manipulation of seawater pCO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) content and the application of static and fluctuating pCO2 and DO levels that were chosen to represent contemporary and potential future scenarios in productive coastal habitats. First CO2, DO, and CO2 × DO dependent reaction norms will be quantified for fitness-relevant early life history (ELH) traits including pre- and post-hatch survival, time to hatch, post-hatch growth, by rearing offspring collected from wild adults from fertilization to 20 days post hatch (dph) using a full factorial design of 3 CO2 × 3 DO levels. Second, the effects of tidal and diel CO2 × DO fluctuations of different amplitudes on silverside ELH traits will be quantified. To address knowledge gaps regarding the CO2-sensitivity in this species, laboratory manipulations of adult spawner environments and reciprocal offspring exposure experiments will elucidate the role of transgenerational plasticity as a potential short-term mechanism to cope with changing environments. To better understand the mechanisms of fish early life CO2-sensitivity, the effects of temperature × CO2 on pre- and post-hatch metabolism will be robustly quantified. The final objective is to rear silversides from fertilization to maturity under different CO2 levels and assess potential CO2-effects on sex ratio and whole life growth and fecundity.
Related references:
Gobler, C.J. and Baumann, H. (2016) Hypoxia and acidification in ocean ecosystems: Coupled dynamics and effects on marine life. Biology Letters 12:20150976. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0976
Baumann, H. (2016) Combined effects of ocean acidification, warming, and hypoxia on marine organisms. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures 6:1-43. doi:10.1002/loe2.10002
Depasquale, E., Baumann, H., and Gobler, C.J. (2015) Variation in early life stage vulnerability among Northwest Atlantic estuarine forage fish to ocean acidification and low oxygen Marine Ecology Progress Series 523: 145–156.doi:10.3354/meps11142
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2018-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Eastern Long Island Sound, CT, USA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Collaborative research: Understanding the effects of acidification and hypoxia within and across generations in a coastal marine fish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 650184
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-12
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Coastal ecosystems experience substantial natural fluctuations in pCO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions on diel, tidal, seasonal and interannual timescales. Rising carbon dioxide emissions and anthropogenic nutrient input are expected to increase these pCO2 and DO cycles in severity and duration of acidification and hypoxia. How coastal marine organisms respond to natural pCO2 \u00d7 DO variability and future climate change remains largely unknown. Here, we assess the impact of static and cycling pCO2 \u00d7 DO conditions of various magnitudes and frequencies on early life survival and growth of an important coastal forage fish, Menidia menidia. Static low DO conditions severely decreased embryo survival, larval survival, time to 50% hatch, size at hatch and post-larval growth rates. Static elevated pCO2 did not affect most response traits, however, a synergistic negative effect did occur on embryo survival under hypoxic conditions (3.0 mg L-1). Cycling pCO2 \u00d7 DO, however, reduced these negative effects of static conditions on all response traits with the magnitude of fluctuations influencing the extent of this reduction. This indicates that fluctuations in pCO2 and DO may benefit coastal organisms by providing periodic physiological refuge from stressful conditions, which could promote species adaptability to climate change.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Carbonate chemistry data from static and fluctuating pCO2 x dissolved oxygen (DO) experiments on Menidia menidia
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable Experiment   String  
attribute Experiment bcodmo_name String exp_id
attribute Experiment description String Experiment number
attribute Experiment long_name String Experiment
attribute Experiment units String unitless
variable Experiment_descrip   String  
attribute Experiment_descrip bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Experiment_descrip description String Description of experiment
attribute Experiment_descrip long_name String Experiment Descrip
attribute Experiment_descrip units String unitless
variable Treatment   String  
attribute Treatment bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Treatment description String Experimental treatment/conditions
attribute Treatment long_name String Treatment
attribute Treatment units String unitless
variable Cycling_Pattern   String  
attribute Cycling_Pattern bcodmo_name String treatment
attribute Cycling_Pattern description String Experimental cycling pattern
attribute Cycling_Pattern long_name String Cycling Pattern
attribute Cycling_Pattern units String unitless
variable Metric   String  
attribute Metric bcodmo_name String sample_type
attribute Metric description String Indicates whether values are mean, min, or max; applicable only to Measured_pH, Measured_DO, and pCO2 columns of experiments three and four
attribute Metric long_name String Metric
attribute Metric units String unitless
variable Measured_pH   float  
attribute Measured_pH _FillValue float NaN
attribute Measured_pH actual_range float 6.61, 8.18
attribute Measured_pH bcodmo_name String pH
attribute Measured_pH description String Mean of hourly pH measurements from a computer-controlled pH/DO manipulation system using a Hach pH probe
attribute Measured_pH long_name String Measured P H
attribute Measured_pH nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PHXXZZXX/ (external link)
attribute Measured_pH units String pH scale, NIST
variable Measured_pH_SD   float  
attribute Measured_pH_SD _FillValue float NaN
attribute Measured_pH_SD actual_range float 0.02, 0.35
attribute Measured_pH_SD bcodmo_name String pH
attribute Measured_pH_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute Measured_pH_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute Measured_pH_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of Measured_pH
attribute Measured_pH_SD long_name String Measured P H SD
attribute Measured_pH_SD nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PHXXZZXX/ (external link)
attribute Measured_pH_SD units String pH scale, NIST
variable Measured_DO   float  
attribute Measured_DO _FillValue float NaN
attribute Measured_DO actual_range float 1.1, 7.8
attribute Measured_DO bcodmo_name String dissolved Oxygen
attribute Measured_DO description String Mean of hourly dissolved oxygen measurements from a computer-controlled pH/DO manipulation system using a Hach DO probe
attribute Measured_DO long_name String Measured DO
attribute Measured_DO units String milligrams per liter (mg L-1)
variable Measured_DO_SD   float  
attribute Measured_DO_SD _FillValue float NaN
attribute Measured_DO_SD actual_range float 0.1, 1.6
attribute Measured_DO_SD bcodmo_name String dissolved Oxygen
attribute Measured_DO_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute Measured_DO_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute Measured_DO_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of Measured_DO
attribute Measured_DO_SD long_name String Measured DO SD
attribute Measured_DO_SD units String milligrams per liter (mg L-1)
variable pCO2   short  
attribute pCO2 _FillValue short 32767
attribute pCO2 actual_range short 370, 17013
attribute pCO2 bcodmo_name String pCO2
attribute pCO2 description String Mean of partial pressure of CO2 calculated from alkalinity and pH measurements in CO2SYS v2.1
attribute pCO2 long_name String P CO2
attribute pCO2 nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PCO2C101/ (external link)
attribute pCO2 units String microatmospheres (uatm)
variable pCO2_SD   short  
attribute pCO2_SD _FillValue short 32767
attribute pCO2_SD actual_range short 1, 417
attribute pCO2_SD bcodmo_name String pCO2
attribute pCO2_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute pCO2_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute pCO2_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of pCO2
attribute pCO2_SD long_name String P CO2 SD
attribute pCO2_SD nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PCO2C101/ (external link)
attribute pCO2_SD units String microatmospheres (uatm)
variable AT   short  
attribute AT _FillValue short 32767
attribute AT actual_range short 1983, 2064
attribute AT bcodmo_name String TALK
attribute AT description String Mean of alkalinity measurements from a Metler Toledo G20 Potentiometric titrator
attribute AT long_name String AT
attribute AT nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/MDMAP014/ (external link)
attribute AT units String micromoles per kilogram (umol kg-1)
variable AT_SD   byte  
attribute AT_SD _FillValue byte 127
attribute AT_SD actual_range byte 1, 38
attribute AT_SD bcodmo_name String TALK
attribute AT_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute AT_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute AT_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of AT
attribute AT_SD long_name String AT SD
attribute AT_SD nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/MDMAP014/ (external link)
attribute AT_SD units String micromoles per kilogram (umol kg-1)
variable Temperature   float  
attribute Temperature _FillValue float NaN
attribute Temperature actual_range float 23.5, 24.9
attribute Temperature bcodmo_name String temperature
attribute Temperature description String Mean of hourly temperature measurements from a a computer-controlled pH/DO manipulation system using a Hach DO probe
attribute Temperature long_name String Temperature
attribute Temperature nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/TEMPP901/ (external link)
attribute Temperature units String degrees Celsius
variable Temperature_SD   float  
attribute Temperature_SD _FillValue float NaN
attribute Temperature_SD actual_range float 0.2, 0.6
attribute Temperature_SD bcodmo_name String temperature
attribute Temperature_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute Temperature_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute Temperature_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of Temperature
attribute Temperature_SD long_name String Temperature SD
attribute Temperature_SD nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/TEMPP901/ (external link)
attribute Temperature_SD units String degrees Celsius
variable Salinity   byte  
attribute Salinity _FillValue byte 127
attribute Salinity actual_range byte 30, 32
attribute Salinity bcodmo_name String sal
attribute Salinity colorBarMaximum double 37.0
attribute Salinity colorBarMinimum double 32.0
attribute Salinity description String Mean of daily salinity measurements from a refractometer
attribute Salinity long_name String Sea Water Practical Salinity
attribute Salinity nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PSALST01/ (external link)
attribute Salinity units String psu
variable Salinity_SD   byte  
attribute Salinity_SD _FillValue byte 127
attribute Salinity_SD actual_range byte 0, 1
attribute Salinity_SD bcodmo_name String sal
attribute Salinity_SD colorBarMaximum double 50.0
attribute Salinity_SD colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute Salinity_SD description String Standard deviation (S.D.) of Salinity
attribute Salinity_SD long_name String Salinity SD
attribute Salinity_SD nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/PSALST01/ (external link)
attribute Salinity_SD units String psu

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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