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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
     data   graph     files  public Coral colony sizes and conditions, of three species of the Orbicella complex (Orbicella
annularis, O. faveolata and O. franksi) in two donor sites of a reciprocal transplant
experiment, Varadero and Punta Brava, 2017
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The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String The Varadero Reef is located south-west of the Cartagena Bay close to the
southern strait that connects the Bay to the Caribbean Sea in Colombia. The
Bay is a receiving estuary from the Magdalena River through the Canal del
Dique, a man-made channel whose construction and operation dates back almost a
century. The bathymetric distribution of the Orbicella species complex was
evaluated at two reference sites with contrasting exposure to the Dique
channel freshwater plume: 1) Varadero reef close to the Dique channel mouth
(10\u00b018\u201923.3\u201dN, 75\u00b035\u201908.0\u201dW), and 2) Rosario
reef located 21 km southwest of Varadero, significantly less exposed to the
turbid plume from the Dique channel (10\u00b011'12.1\"N, 75\u00b044'43.0\"W).

To estimate the potential negative effect of perturbing the optical properties
of water and light penetration on coral survival, we performed ecological
surveys of Orbicella spp. populations. Populations were sampled along the
whole depth range at which Orbicella spp. were observed. Random dives near the
experimental sites allowed us to define the depth limits of distribution. The
number of colonies of each species was recorded on 10x1 m belt transects
deployed perpendicular to the reef slope at six depths in Varadero (2, 3, 4.5,
6, 7.5 and 9m) and eight in Rosario (3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 21 and 25m). Colony
size (length D1, wide D2 and height H, in centimeters) and percentage of
mortality (both recent and old mortality, using the AGRAA protocol) were also
recorded at all transects.

A diving computer Leonardo Cressi Sub was used to determine the depths of
surveys. A 50m measuring tape was used to determine the length of the belt
transect. A 1m PVC pipe carried by the diver was used to determine the width
of each transect.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 717027
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1642311
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1642311 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Ecological survey data 2017: coral colony size and mortality at donor sites
For reciprocal transplant experiment of coral fragments from Varadero and Punta Brava reefs, May 2017
PI: M. Medina, R. Iglesias-Prieto, T. Lopez (Penn State)
version date: 2020-01-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2020-01-09T14:08:32Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2020-03-04T21:42:14Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.786632.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_max double 25.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_min double 2.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_positive String down
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_vertical_units String m
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/786632 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String Pressure Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Used to determine the depths of surveys.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 786642
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String A pressure sensor is a device used to measure absolute, differential, or gauge pressures. It is used only when detailed instrument documentation is not available.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Pressure Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 567
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String Cressi Leonardo Scuba Dive Computer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_description String A 50m measuring tape was used to determine the length of the belt transect. A 1m PVC pipe carried by the diver was used to determine the width of each transect.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_nid String 786643
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_description String A tape measure or measuring tape is a flexible ruler. It consists of a ribbon of cloth, plastic, fibre glass, or metal strip with linear-measurement markings. It is a common measuring tool.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_name String Measuring Tape
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_nid String 645010
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, code, data, dataset, depth, diam, diam_max, diam_min, dmo, erddap, height, management, max, min, mortality, mortality_new, mortality_old, mortality_total, new, oceanography, office, old, preliminary, site, taxon, taxon_code, total, transect
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/786632/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/786632 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'786632': {'Depth': 'master - depth'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/786632/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Pennsylvania State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String PSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Mónica Medina
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 472486
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String Pennsylvania State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String PSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Roberto Iglesias-Prieto
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 717031
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Pennsylvania State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String PSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Tomás Lopez Lodoño
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 732860
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Varadero Reef
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Varadero Reef
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String NSF Award Abstract:
Coral reefs provide invaluable services to coastal communities, but coral populations worldwide are in a state of unprecedented decline. Studying resilient reefs is of primary importance for coral conservation and restoration efforts. A unique natural experiment in coral resilience to stress has been playing out in Cartagena Bay, Colombia since the Spanish conquistadors diverted the Magadalena River into the Bay in 1582. Varadero Reef at the southern mouth of the Bay has survived centuries of environmental insults and changing conditions with up to 80% coral cover. This reef provides an ideal system to test biological robustness theory. Given that Varadero is a highly perturbed system, we hypothesize that while likely more robust to perturbation than nearby pristine reefs, it will be less physiologically efficient. Some of the large star coral colonies (Orbicella faveolata) at this site have existed since before the construction of the Canal del Dique. These coral specimens contain invaluable information regarding the conditions of the Magdalena River wathershed and its construction in the XIV century. Changes in turbidity of the plume associated with the urban industrial and agricultural development of Colombia can be documented as variations in calcification rates and changes in the microstructure of the skeleton. The Colombian government has announced the approval for the construction of a shipping channel that will go right over this reef, with the goal to start dredging as early as Fall 2016 or early 2017. The RAPID funding mechanism would enable immediate collection of data and information of why this reef has survived centuries of environmental stress that can shed light on what genotype combinations of coral and its microbial constituents will fare better in similar conditions at other reef locations around the world. Coral reef conservation biology will benefit from this study by generating data for the development of stress diagnostic tools to identify resilient corals. This project will help broaden participation in science by training a diverse cohort of students to work effectively in the global arena while fostering productive collaborations with several Colombian researchers and educational institutions. Students will also gain cultural empathy and sensitivity through direct engagement with the members of society who are most directly impacted by coral reef degradation (e.g. fishermen). Student researchers from Penn State University will work alongside their Colombian counterparts to develop a series of bilingual blog posts to record the cultural and scientific aspects of this project's research expeditions. The blog postings will be submitted for wide dissemination to the Smithsonian's Ocean Portal where Penn State students have published in the past. An educational coral kit developed by the Medina Lab and extensively tested in schools in the US has been translated into Spanish and will be used in local schools in Cartagena and vicinities. All expedition data and metadata will be incorporated into the Global Coral Microbiome Project's interactive web portal, a responsive outreach tool allows researchers, students and/or teachers to access a wealth of information about every coral colony we sample and to virtually explore coral reefs around the world from any internet-enabled device.
This research will generate information to understand functional traits related to symbioses stability under different perturbation regimes. Comparative analyses of microbiome modifications generated during the reciprocal transplantation will allow us to document possible differential responses of the holobionts to acute and chronic stressors relative to corals not exposed to significant levels of perturbation. The development of local bio-optical models of coral calcification and the characterization of the coral holobiont will permit the distinction between the effects in calcification attributed to local turbidity from those that can be ;attributed to differences in host genotype and/or microbial community composition and function. The information recorded in coral skeletons can be used to reconstruct the rates of agricultural, industrial and urban development of Colombia through the last 5 centuries as changes in the turbidity of the effluent of the Magdalena River.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2018-06
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Caribbean Sea (10°18’10”N, 75°34’ 55”W)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String RAPID: Coral robustness: lessons from an "improbable" reef
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 717028
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2016-07
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This dataset contains the primary data of the bathymetric survey of three species of the Orbicella complex (Orbicella annularis, O. faveolata and O. franksi). The surveys were performed in two donor sites of a reciprocal transplant experiment: Varadero and Punta Brava. The number of colonies and some physiological traits recorded on a belt transect deployed perpendicular to the reef slope at a series of depths are reported.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Coral colony sizes and conditions, of three species of the Orbicella complex (Orbicella annularis, O. faveolata and O. franksi) in two donor sites of a reciprocal transplant experiment, Varadero and Punta Brava, 2017
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable Site   String  
attribute Site bcodmo_name String site
attribute Site description String coral fragment donor site
attribute Site long_name String Site
attribute Site units String unitless
variable depth   double  
attribute depth _CoordinateAxisType String Height
attribute depth _CoordinateZisPositive String down
attribute depth _FillValue double NaN
attribute depth actual_range double 2.0, 25.0
attribute depth axis String Z
attribute depth bcodmo_name String depth
attribute depth colorBarMaximum double 8000.0
attribute depth colorBarMinimum double -8000.0
attribute depth colorBarPalette String TopographyDepth
attribute depth description String depth at which the survey was performed
attribute depth ioos_category String Location
attribute depth long_name String Depth
attribute depth nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/DEPH/ (external link)
attribute depth positive String down
attribute depth standard_name String depth
attribute depth units String m
variable Transect   byte  
attribute Transect _FillValue byte 127
attribute Transect actual_range byte 1, 5
attribute Transect bcodmo_name String transect
attribute Transect description String transect identifier
attribute Transect long_name String Transect
attribute Transect units String unitless
variable taxon_code   String  
attribute taxon_code bcodmo_name String taxon_code
attribute taxon_code description String Orbicella species code: Oann= O. annularis; Ofav= O. faveolata; Ofra= O. franksi
attribute taxon_code long_name String Taxon Code
attribute taxon_code units String unitless
variable diam_max   short  
attribute diam_max _FillValue short 32767
attribute diam_max actual_range short 10, 320
attribute diam_max bcodmo_name String diameter
attribute diam_max description String Longest diameter of the colony
attribute diam_max long_name String Diam Max
attribute diam_max units String centimeters
variable diam_min   short  
attribute diam_min _FillValue short 32767
attribute diam_min actual_range short 5, 300
attribute diam_min bcodmo_name String diameter
attribute diam_min description String Shortest diameter of the colony
attribute diam_min long_name String Diam Min
attribute diam_min units String centimeters
variable height   short  
attribute height _FillValue short 32767
attribute height actual_range short 2, 230
attribute height bcodmo_name String height
attribute height description String Height of the colony
attribute height long_name String Height
attribute height units String centimeters
variable mortality_old   byte  
attribute mortality_old _FillValue byte 127
attribute mortality_old actual_range byte 0, 100
attribute mortality_old bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute mortality_old description String Visible old mortality of the coral tissue (percentage)
attribute mortality_old long_name String Mortality Old
attribute mortality_old units String unitless
variable mortality_new   byte  
attribute mortality_new _FillValue byte 127
attribute mortality_new actual_range byte 0, 95
attribute mortality_new bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute mortality_new description String Visible recent mortality of the coral tissue (percentage)
attribute mortality_new long_name String Mortality New
attribute mortality_new units String unitless
variable mortality_total   byte  
attribute mortality_total _FillValue byte 127
attribute mortality_total actual_range byte 0, 100
attribute mortality_total bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute mortality_total description String Total mortality (percentage)
attribute mortality_total long_name String Mortality Total
attribute mortality_total units String unitless

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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