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Dataset Title:  Tissue thickness from coral cores taken in the central equatorial Pacific Subscribe RSS
Institution:  BCO-DMO   (Dataset ID: bcodmo_dataset_773897)
Information:  Summary ? | License ? | ISO 19115 | Metadata | Background (external link) | Files | Make a graph
Variable ?   Optional
Constraint #1 ?
Constraint #2 ?
   Minimum ?
   Maximum ?
 ENSO_State (unitless) ?          "El Nino"    "Enso Neutral"
 Island (unitless) ?          "Dongsha Reef Flat"    "Rawaki"
 Tissue_Thickness (millimeter (mm)) ?          3.9    10.5
 Standard_Error (unitless) ?          0.1    2.5
Server-side Functions ?
 distinct() ?
? ("Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.Hover here to see a list of options. Click on an option to select it.")

File type: (more info)

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The Dataset Attribute Structure (.das) for this Dataset

Attributes {
 s {
  ENSO_State {
    String bcodmo_name "unknown";
    String description "State of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation";
    String long_name "ENSO State";
    String units "unitless";
  Island {
    String bcodmo_name "site";
    String description "Island of coral sampling";
    String long_name "Island";
    String units "unitless";
  Tissue_Thickness {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    Float32 actual_range 3.9, 10.5;
    String bcodmo_name "unknown";
    String description "Tissue thickness";
    String long_name "Tissue Thickness";
    String units "millimeter (mm)";
  Standard_Error {
    Float32 _FillValue NaN;
    Float32 actual_range 0.1, 2.5;
    String bcodmo_name "standard error";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 50.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum 0.0;
    String description "standard error";
    String long_name "Standard Error";
    String units "unitless";
    String access_formats ".htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv";
    String acquisition_description 
"These data were published in Mollica\\u00a0et al., 2019
All cores were collected and analyzed using the same methods. Only live
colonies were cored, establishing the top age, vertically i.e., parallel to
the upward growth axis, and using either a pneumatic drill fitted with 3-cm
diameter diamond tip coring bit or an hydraulic drill fitted with an 8-cm
diameter bit. Core holes were sealed with a cement cap and underwater epoxy,
secured flush with the colony surface to facilitate overgrowth of tissue and
wound closure (e.g. Matson 2011), a 6 to 36-month process depending on the
rate of coral growth and diameter of core. All cores were first air dried in
the field, then oven dried at 60 deg C.
Location: Central Pacific Coral reefs, -5 to 5 latitude, Dongsha Atoll,
Curacao, Barbados, Martinique coral reefs.";
    String awards_0_award_nid "768533";
    String awards_0_award_number "OCE-1737311";
    String awards_0_data_url "http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1737311";
    String awards_0_funder_name "NSF Division of Ocean Sciences";
    String awards_0_funding_acronym "NSF OCE";
    String awards_0_funding_source_nid "355";
    String awards_0_program_manager "Daniel Thornhill";
    String awards_0_program_manager_nid "722161";
    String cdm_data_type "Other";
    String comment 
"Tissue thickness 
  PI: Anne Cohen 
  Data Version 1: 2019-08-19";
    String Conventions "COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3";
    String creator_email "info@bco-dmo.org";
    String creator_name "BCO-DMO";
    String creator_type "institution";
    String creator_url "https://www.bco-dmo.org/";
    String data_source "extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3  19 Dec 2019";
    String date_created "2019-07-31T16:34:31Z";
    String date_modified "2019-08-23T21:08:45Z";
    String defaultDataQuery "&time<now";
    String doi "10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.773897.1";
    String history 
"2022-08-16T15:50:17Z (local files)
2022-08-16T15:50:17Z https://erddap.bco-dmo.org/erddap/tabledap/bcodmo_dataset_773897.html";
    String infoUrl "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/773897";
    String institution "BCO-DMO";
    String keywords "bco, bco-dmo, biological, chemical, data, dataset, dmo, enso, ENSO_State, erddap, error, island, management, nino, oceanography, office, oscillation, preliminary, southern, standard, Standard_Error, state, thickness, tissue, Tissue_Thickness";
    String license "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/773897/license";
    String metadata_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/773897";
    String param_mapping "{'773897': {}}";
    String parameter_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/773897/parameters";
    String people_0_affiliation "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution";
    String people_0_affiliation_acronym "WHOI";
    String people_0_person_name "Anne L Cohen";
    String people_0_person_nid "51428";
    String people_0_role "Principal Investigator";
    String people_0_role_type "originator";
    String people_1_affiliation "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution";
    String people_1_affiliation_acronym "WHOI";
    String people_1_person_name "Nathaniel Mollica";
    String people_1_person_nid "773912";
    String people_1_role "Co-Principal Investigator";
    String people_1_role_type "originator";
    String people_2_affiliation "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution";
    String people_2_affiliation_acronym "WHOI BCO-DMO";
    String people_2_person_name "Karen Soenen";
    String people_2_person_nid "748773";
    String people_2_role "BCO-DMO Data Manager";
    String people_2_role_type "related";
    String project "Coral Bleaching Skeletal Records";
    String projects_0_acronym "Coral Bleaching Skeletal Records";
    String projects_0_description 
"NSF abstract:
Ocean warming kills corals and efforts are underway to identify and protect coral reefs that may withstand the projected 21st century rise in tropical ocean temperatures. Coral reefs in the central equatorial Pacific (CEP) have been exposed to episodes of extreme warmth every 3-7 years for centuries, if not millennia, yet remain highly productive ecosystems. Initial data obtained by the investigator from stress signatures archived in the skeletons of long lived coral species, suggests that CEP reefs lose their symbiotic algae or bleach, sometimes severely, during warm episodes. The observation that CEP reefs bleach repetitively yet remain productive implies uncommon resilience to ocean warming. The investigator will use laboratory experiments and field observations to validate skeletal records of historical bleaching. A successful outcome will provide novel and valuable insights into the resilience of the CEP reefs and a new tool with which to identify thermally tolerant coral reef ecosystems across the tropics. Additionally, this project includes mentorship of a postdoc and six undergraduate or high school students, outreach through presentations and media, and expansion of publically available software for coral stress band analysis.
Ocean warming projections indicate severe impacts to coral reefs will occur on an annual basis within the next few decades. Consequently, a coordinated effort is underway to identify reefs that might survive these changes. The investigator will test the hypothesis that such reefs exist at the epicenter of influence of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), where strong inter-annual temperature variability creates conditions conducive for the development of thermal resilience. The project uses laboratory-based bleaching experiments and actual stress signatures accreted by wild corals during the 2015 El Niño to validate signatures of historical bleaching archived in the skeletons of massive reef building corals. In addition the investigator will use new, long cores from the CEP to build a robust dataset of historical bleaching back to the 1800's. A successful outcome will increase confidence in the interpretation of skeletal stress bands as quantitative bleaching proxies and enable the reconstruction of the history of coral reef bleaching and recovery in the CEP.";
    String projects_0_end_date "2020-07";
    String projects_0_geolocation "Central Equatorial Pacific";
    String projects_0_name "Skeletal Records of Coral Reef Bleaching in the Central Equatorial Pacific";
    String projects_0_project_nid "768534";
    String projects_0_start_date "2017-08";
    String publisher_name "Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)";
    String publisher_type "institution";
    String sourceUrl "(local files)";
    String standard_name_vocabulary "CF Standard Name Table v55";
    String summary "Coral cores were collected in the central equatorial Pacific (Central Pacific Coral reefs, -5 to 5 latitude, Dongsha Atoll, Curacao, Barbados, Martinique coral reefs). The thickness of the tissue in each core was measured as an index of biomass or energetic reserve.";
    String title "Tissue thickness from coral cores taken in the central equatorial Pacific";
    String version "1";
    String xml_source "osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3";


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