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Dataset Title:  Percent cover of healthy and bleached coral in Pacific Panama using the
transect method in 2019
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Institution:  BCO-DMO   (Dataset ID: bcodmo_dataset_776377)
Information:  Summary ? | License ? | ISO 19115 | Metadata | Background (external link) | Subset | Files | Make a graph
 
Variable ?   Optional
Constraint #1 ?
Optional
Constraint #2 ?
   Minimum ?
   or a List of Values ?
   Maximum ?
 
 Gulf (unitless) ?          "C"    "P"
 Site (unitless) ?          "Canales de Tierra"    "Uva"
 latitude (degrees_north) ?          7.403    8.631
  < slider >
 longitude (degrees_east) ?          -81.758    -79.028
  < slider >
 time2 (Time, season year) ?      
   - +  ?
 Transect (unitless) ?          1    6
 Healthy_P_damicornis (unitless) ?          0    89
 Pale_P_damicornis (unitless) ?          0    26
 Bleached_P_damicornis (unitless) ?          0    1
 Healthy_P_verricosa (unitless) ?          0    53
 Pale_P_verricose (unitless) ?          0    6
 Bleached_P_verricosa (unitless) ?      
   - +  ?
 Healthy_Psammocora_stellata (unitless) ?          0    10
 Pale_P_stellata (unitless) ?          0    1
 Bleached_P_stellata (unitless) ?      
   - +  ?
 COTS_damage (unitless) ?      
   - +  ?
 Standing_dead_coral_no_turf (unitless) ?          0    9
 Standing_dead_coral_with_turf (unitless) ?          0    65
 Unconsolidated_rubble_with_turf (unitless) ?          0    85
 Unconsolidated_rubble_with_CCA (unitless) ?          0    75
 Fleshy_algae (unitless) ?          0    24
 CCA (unitless) ?          0    1
 Sand (unitless) ?          0    5
 Healthy_Porites_lobata (unitless) ?          0    6
 Total (unitless) ?          96    109
 
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The Dataset Attribute Structure (.das) for this Dataset

Attributes {
 s {
  Gulf {
    String bcodmo_name "region";
    String description "P (Panama) and C (Chiriqui) Gulf";
    String long_name "Gulf";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Site {
    String bcodmo_name "site";
    String description "experimental site";
    String long_name "Site";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  latitude {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Lat";
    Float64 _FillValue NaN;
    Float64 actual_range 7.403, 8.631;
    String axis "Y";
    String bcodmo_name "latitude";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 90.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -90.0;
    String description "latitude in decimal degrees north";
    String ioos_category "Location";
    String long_name "Latitude";
    String nerc_identifier "https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/";
    String standard_name "latitude";
    String units "degrees_north";
  }
  longitude {
    String _CoordinateAxisType "Lon";
    Float64 _FillValue NaN;
    Float64 actual_range -81.758, -79.028;
    String axis "X";
    String bcodmo_name "longitude";
    Float64 colorBarMaximum 180.0;
    Float64 colorBarMinimum -180.0;
    String description "longitude in decimal degrees east";
    String ioos_category "Location";
    String long_name "Longitude";
    String nerc_identifier "https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/";
    String standard_name "longitude";
    String units "degrees_east";
  }
  time2 {
    String bcodmo_name "season";
    String description "season and year that the transect was taken";
    String long_name "Time";
    String units "season year";
  }
  Transect {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 1, 6;
    String bcodmo_name "transect";
    String description "transect number";
    String long_name "Transect";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Healthy_P_damicornis {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 89;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of healthy Pocillopora damicornis identified in the transect; rated as 1 indicating no bleaching";
    String long_name "Healthy P Damicornis";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Pale_P_damicornis {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 26;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of pale Pocillopora damicornis identified in the transect; rated as 2 indicating lower health";
    String long_name "Pale P Damicornis";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Bleached_P_damicornis {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 1;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of bleached Pocillopora damicornis identified in the transect; rated as 3 indicating bleached";
    String long_name "Bleached P Damicornis";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Healthy_P_verricosa {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 53;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of healthy Pocillopora verricosa identified in the transect; rated as 1 indicating no bleaching";
    String long_name "Healthy P Verricosa";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Pale_P_verricose {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 6;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of pale Pocillopora verricosa identified in the transect; rated as 2 indicating lower health";
    String long_name "Pale P Verricose";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Bleached_P_verricosa {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 0;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of bleached Pocillopora verricosa identified in the transect; rated as 3 indicating bleached";
    String long_name "Bleached P Verricosa";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Healthy_Psammocora_stellata {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 10;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of healthy colonies of the species identified in the transect; rated as 1 indicating no bleaching";
    String long_name "Healthy Psammocora Stellata";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Pale_P_stellata {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 1;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of pale colonies of the species identified in the transect; rated as 2 indicating lower health";
    String long_name "Pale P Stellata";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Bleached_P_stellata {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 0;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of bleached colonies of the species identified in the transect; rated as 3 indicating bleached";
    String long_name "Bleached P Stellata";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  COTS_damage {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 0;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of harm identified to the coral structure caused by crown of thorns";
    String long_name "COTS Damage";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Standing_dead_coral_no_turf {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 9;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of identified dead coral colonies that did not have turf starfish (COTS)";
    String long_name "Standing Dead Coral No Turf";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Standing_dead_coral_with_turf {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 65;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of identified dead coral colonies that had turf algae colonizing them";
    String long_name "Standing Dead Coral With Turf";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Unconsolidated_rubble_with_turf {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 85;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of rubble on the ground that had turf algae growing on it";
    String long_name "Unconsolidated Rubble With Turf";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Unconsolidated_rubble_with_CCA {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 75;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of rubble on the ground that had crustose coralline algae (CCA) growing on it";
    String long_name "Unconsolidated Rubble With CCA";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Fleshy_algae {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 24;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of fleshy algae observed in the transect";
    String long_name "Fleshy Algae";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  CCA {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 1;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of crustose coralline algae (CCA) observed in the transect";
    String long_name "CCA";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Sand {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 5;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "frequency of sand observed in the transect";
    String long_name "Sand";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Healthy_Porites_lobata {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 0, 6;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "the frequency of healthy colonies of the identified species in the transect; rated as 1 indicating good health";
    String long_name "Healthy Porites Lobata";
    String units "unitless";
  }
  Total {
    Byte _FillValue 127;
    Byte actual_range 96, 109;
    String bcodmo_name "cover_pcent";
    String description "the total number of observations in the transect";
    String long_name "Total";
    String units "unitless";
  }
 }
  NC_GLOBAL {
    String access_formats ".htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson";
    String acquisition_description 
"Coral health was monitored using a transect technique by laying 25-meter
transects along a depth contour in the reef at 3 sites within the Gulf of
Chiriqui and 3 sites within the Gulf of Panama. Benthic composition below the
tape was recorded every 25cm for the entire transect length. The process was
repeated 5 more times for a total of 6 transects for each site. \\u00a0Any
coral present was classified and the health was scored using a 1-3 scale
rating, with 1 indicating a fully healthy colony, 3 indicating a bleached
colony, and 2 indicating a pale colony that fell in-between 1 and 3.";
    String awards_0_award_nid "655898";
    String awards_0_award_number "OCE-1535007";
    String awards_0_data_url "http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1535007";
    String awards_0_funder_name "NSF Division of Ocean Sciences";
    String awards_0_funding_acronym "NSF OCE";
    String awards_0_funding_source_nid "355";
    String awards_0_program_manager "Michael E. Sieracki";
    String awards_0_program_manager_nid "50446";
    String cdm_data_type "Other";
    String comment 
"2019 Bleaching Transects 
   Percent cover of coral in Pacific Panama 
   PI: Aronson, R.B. (FIT), L. Toth (USGS) 
   Version: 2019-09-09";
    String Conventions "COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3";
    String creator_email "info@bco-dmo.org";
    String creator_name "BCO-DMO";
    String creator_type "institution";
    String creator_url "https://www.bco-dmo.org/";
    String data_source "extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3  19 Dec 2019";
    String date_created "2019-09-11T13:56:42Z";
    String date_modified "2019-09-12T13:24:41Z";
    String defaultDataQuery "&amp;time&lt;now";
    String doi "10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.776377.1";
    Float64 Easternmost_Easting -79.028;
    Float64 geospatial_lat_max 8.631;
    Float64 geospatial_lat_min 7.403;
    String geospatial_lat_units "degrees_north";
    Float64 geospatial_lon_max -79.028;
    Float64 geospatial_lon_min -81.758;
    String geospatial_lon_units "degrees_east";
    String history 
"2020-12-04T17:34:30Z (local files)
2020-12-04T17:34:30Z https://erddap.bco-dmo.org/erddap/tabledap/bcodmo_dataset_776377.html";
    String infoUrl "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/776377";
    String institution "BCO-DMO";
    String keywords "algae, bco, bco-dmo, biological, bleached, Bleached_P_damicornis, Bleached_P_stellata, Bleached_P_verricosa, cca, chemical, coral, cots, COTS_damage, damage, damicornis, data, dataset, dead, dmo, erddap, fleshy, Fleshy_algae, gulf, healthy, Healthy_P_damicornis, Healthy_P_verricosa, Healthy_Porites_lobata, Healthy_Psammocora_stellata, latitude, lobata, longitude, management, oceanography, office, pale, Pale_P_damicornis, Pale_P_stellata, Pale_P_verricose, porites, preliminary, psammocora, rubble, sand, site, standing, Standing_dead_coral_no_turf, Standing_dead_coral_with_turf, stellata, time, time2, total, transect, turf, unconsolidated, Unconsolidated_rubble_with_CCA, Unconsolidated_rubble_with_turf, verricosa, verricose, with";
    String license "https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/776377/license";
    String metadata_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/776377";
    Float64 Northernmost_Northing 8.631;
    String param_mapping "{'776377': {'Latitude': 'master - latitude', 'Longitude': 'master - longitude'}}";
    String parameter_source "https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/776377/parameters";
    String people_0_affiliation "Florida Institute of Technology";
    String people_0_affiliation_acronym "FIT";
    String people_0_person_name "Dr Richard B. Aronson";
    String people_0_person_nid "655902";
    String people_0_role "Principal Investigator";
    String people_0_role_type "originator";
    String people_1_affiliation "United States Geological Survey";
    String people_1_affiliation_acronym "USGS";
    String people_1_person_name "Dr Lauren T. Toth";
    String people_1_person_nid "655904";
    String people_1_role "Co-Principal Investigator";
    String people_1_role_type "originator";
    String people_2_affiliation "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution";
    String people_2_affiliation_acronym "WHOI BCO-DMO";
    String people_2_person_name "Nancy Copley";
    String people_2_person_nid "50396";
    String people_2_role "BCO-DMO Data Manager";
    String people_2_role_type "related";
    String project "Coral Climate ETP";
    String projects_0_acronym "Coral Climate ETP";
    String projects_0_description 
"Coral reefs are under threat around the world, and climate change is the main reason they are declining. Knowing how local conditions on a reef exaggerate or mask the impacts of climate change make it possible to predict which reefs are most likely to survive longer and, therefore, which reefs deserve the greatest effort and funding for conservation. Reefs off the Pacific coast of Panama are vulnerable to the impacts of global climate change but are also strongly influenced by small-scale currents and other local conditions. The goal of this study is to see how those local differences affect coral growth and the ability of the corals to build reefs. Climate change appears poised to shut down reef growth off Pacific Panama within the next century. Considering that sea-level rise is accelerating at the same time, if coral reefs shut down they will not be able to protect populated shorelines from storm damage and erosion. In addition to its scientific insights, this project will provide undergraduate and graduate training, provide research training for underrepresented groups, advance women in scientific careers, and contribute important information for management and policy. The results will be incorporated into innovative curricular materials for K through 12 classes in Title-I schools in Florida aligned with Next Generation (Common Core) standards, and standards for Climate and Ocean Literacy. An annual film festival will be organized for K through 12 students to explore themes in marine science through videography.
Global climate change is now the leading cause of coral-reef degradation, but the extent to which mesoscale oceanography overprints climatic forcing is poorly understood. Previous studies in Pacific Panama showed that reef ecosystems collapsed from 4100 to 1600 years ago. The 2500-yr hiatus in reef-building occurred at locations throughout the Pacific, and the primary cause was increased variability of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation. This study will determine the influence of contemporary variability in mesoscale oceanography in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) on variability in the condition of local coral populations. Insights from the living populations will be combined with paleoecological and geochemical studies of reef frameworks to infer past conditions that were inimical or beneficial to coral growth and reef accretion. Three primary hypotheses will be tested in Pacific Panama:
H1. Mesoscale oceanography is manifested in gradients of reef condition, coral growth, and coral physiological condition. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling confers positive effects on coral growth rate and physiology.
H2. The impacts of mesoscale oceanographic regimes on the growth and condition of reef-corals were felt at least as far back as the mid- to late Holocene.
H3. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling conferred positive effects on vertical reef accretion in the past and shortened the late-Holocene hiatus.
Specific research approaches to test these hypotheses will include collecting high-resolution, oceanographic time series to characterize contemporary environments along gradients of physical conditions; collecting ecological and geochemical data on the condition of living coral populations; and extracting cores from the reef frameworks and analyzing the coral assemblages taxonomically, taphonomically, and geochemically to assess patterns of biotic and paleoenvironmental variability. Strong spatial and temporal variability in the physical drivers of reef development make the ETP an excellent model system in which to examine the response of coral reefs to climate change over a range of physical regimes. This research will provide a unique opportunity to tease apart the controls on reef development across multiple spatial and temporal scales. The climatology underlying the late-Holocene hiatus was similar to probable scenarios for the next century, implying that climate change could be driving reef ecosystems of the ETP (and elsewhere) toward another collapse. Understanding how the hiatus unfolded along oceanographic gradients will increase our power to predict the future responses of reefs to a rapidly changing climate.";
    String projects_0_end_date "2019-03";
    String projects_0_geolocation "Pacific Panamá";
    String projects_0_name "Collaborative Research: Climate Change, Mesoscale Oceanography, and the Dynamics of Eastern Pacific Coral Reefs";
    String projects_0_project_nid "655899";
    String projects_0_project_website "http://www.fit.edu/research/portal/project/420/climate-change-mesoscale-oceanography-and-the-dynamics-of-eastern-pacific-coral-reefs";
    String projects_0_start_date "2015-09";
    String publisher_name "Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)";
    String publisher_type "institution";
    String sourceUrl "(local files)";
    Float64 Southernmost_Northing 7.403;
    String standard_name_vocabulary "CF Standard Name Table v55";
    String subsetVariables "time2,Bleached_P_verricosa,Bleached_P_stellata,COTS_damage";
    String summary "Percent cover of healthy and bleached coral in Pacific Panama using the transect method in 2019.";
    String title "Percent cover of healthy and bleached coral in Pacific Panama using the transect method in 2019";
    String version "1";
    Float64 Westernmost_Easting -81.758;
    String xml_source "osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3";
  }
}

 

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