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     data   graph     files  public Behavioral observations of lionfish at native Pacific and invaded Atlantic
locations (Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Guam, Philippines) from 2009-2012 (Lionfish Invasion
project)
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_3975

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String This sub-project aimed to compare native vs. invasive populations of lionfish,
in order to assess some of the potential factors responsible for the invasive
success of lionfish in the Atlantic. Assessment in the native range included
analysis of behaviour and juvenile growth patterns, at two general locations:
Guam and the Philippines. Behaviour was assessed via 10-minute observations on
inividual lionfish, aiming to assess different individuals and their hunting
behaviour as well as interactions with other species at different times of the
day. Observations were done wherever lionfish were found, and included
artificial habitats, coral reefs, sandy areas and reef channels with
rock/boulder habitat. Observations in the native range were then compared to
those at invaded locations (Bahamas and Caymans) undertaken with identical
methods by other members of the team. Data were QA/QCd by spot checking
against original field data sheets.

Lengthy notes/comments extracted from dataset are below. Indicated by
'see_Note_x' in the data.

Notes in strikes_at_species column:
Strikes_at_sp_Note_1 = Not visible but around P. coelestis and wanting to
feed on them
Stikes_at_sp_Note_2 = Plotosus lineatus and something not visible in the
water column
Strikes_at_sp_Note_3 = Recruits pomacentrids & cardinals less than 2cm
Strikes_at_sp_Note_4 = Unidentified Apogonidae with bright yell spot on the
caudal peduncle

\----------------------------
Notes in num_blows column:
Num_blows_Note_1 = 4 (plus 3 continuous bLings at a little sandy bay under a
rock)
\u00a0
----------------------------
Notes in blows_at_species column:
Blows_at_sp_Note_1 = unidentified; not possible to view from distance
Blows_at_sp_Note_2 = Labrid small; perhaps Labroides bicolor
Blows_at_sp_Note_3 = unidentified; cannot see from distance at which
observer located and water murky; only prey IDd nearby was yell and blue
little fish
Blows_at_sp_Note_4 = While being cleaned by L. dimidaitus
Blows_at_sp_Note_5 = cardinalfish bright yelL margin on dorsal fin

\---------------------------------
Notes in aggression_at_species column:
Aggrssn_at_Note_1 = 2 pennant bannerfish(H.chrysostomus);agression=approach
w flared fins & upright spines;slight movement displaced Heniochus
Aggrssn_at_Note_2 = 2X P.antennata;flaring fins & moving to defend;1 against
lrgr PTVO(27cm) that it encntrd looking for diff spot;got it out of its hole &
occupied hole
Aggrssn_at_Note_3 = Parrotfish large darting by; lion reacted by flaring
spines defensively

\------------------------
Notes in killed_species column:
Killed_sp_Note_1 = Invert maybe;not seen;definite action under boat while
upsidedown amongst algae overgrowth
Killed_sp_Note_2 = Not visible but feeding observed;must be prey small
enough to not be seen at distance of observation
Killed_sp_Note_3 = Not visible but clearly lion turned around from position
and ate

\------------------------
Notes in aggressive_species column:
Agg_sp_Note_1 = PTVO smaller size (13) approached with flared fins trying to
get a hunting spot
Agg_sp_Note_2 = PTVO smaller size approached it with flared fins and kept
staring at it;no close approach but enought to cause this animal to move away
and stop rest. This PTVO was observed by Brett Taylor, line 39
Agg_sp_Note_3 = Ptvo larger 37 cm; kept displacing this one from its
position
Agg_sp_Note_4 = Ptvo larger 37 cm;\u00a0 displaced it from its position
Agg_sp_Note_5 = PTAT 10cm moved voli from its spot

\-----------------------------------
Notes in location column:
Loc_Note_1 = 260 deg from mooring / 270 deg from x-mas tree / 310 deg over
little mushroom
Loc_Note_2 = 10 deg from ally with mallet head on right / mallet head is 235
deg from x-mas tree
Loc_Note_3 = 80 deg to triple head (?) boundary ~10 m/past other 2 300 deg
to lion ledge/ 3 fan rock
Loc_Note_4 = New head across alley from flag 290/300 to Lion ledge (closer
to lion ledge)
Loc_Note_5 = Near Goniopora field;Under plate of coral at cleaning stn being
cleaned by a blue&yell wrasse w straight caudal fin
Loc_Note_6 = On table Porites rus at the northernmost part of the dive;
towards Love Rock; next to previous
Loc_Note_7 = On table Porites rus at the northernmost part of the dive;
towards Love Rock
Loc_Note_8 = Under ledge of almost dead skirt like coral w no bumps;not
P.rus;reddish color;looks like P. asteroides in Caribbn
Loc_Note_9 = Massive semi dead;under larger volitans;moved & sat next to the
big guy & repositioned itself
Loc_Note_10 = On Boulder;Non Coral;undrneath & close to PTVO 32cm;ended next
to big guy;at cleaning stn at branching Porites
Loc_Note_11 = At boulder;non-coral;next to Prus cleaning colony;another PTVO
under it in silt

\-----------------------
Notes in body_orientation column:
Body_Note_1 = Upright and exposed but upon approach kept running away and
tucking itself more and more until ended up in cave with only pectorals and
tail seen
Body_Note_2 = Area w sm colonies of Pocillopora & recruit Chromis;vertcl
position;under boat canopy;recently fallen;couldnt find lttle guy;kept
envrnmnt dark & kept opening&closing space
Body_Note_3 = On top of massive boulder w somewhat live coral;horizntl
position;next to darker phase volitans almost touching each other
Body_Note_4 = Under sm ledge near bottm facing wall vertically;diff place
than othr times;but same head
Body_Note_5 = Upright on sandy bottom; under boulder; could be seen through
a hole; right next to previous one
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 55160
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-0851162
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=0851162 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String David L. Garrison
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50534
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Comparative lionfish behavior (native vs. invaded locations)
(From sub-project "Inter-Ocean Comparative Lionfish Behavior and Growth")
Lead PI: Mark Hixon (OSU)
Sub-Project Lead: Katherine Cure
Version: 21 June 2013
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2013-06-26T18:52:30Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-11-12T19:48:54Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.3975.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double 144.800067
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 23.81761
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 9.073039
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double 144.800067
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -80.06091
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3975 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String active, active_time, activity, adjusted, against, aggression, aggression_at_species, aggressions, aggressive, aggressive_species, array, array-data, average, avg_activity, basin, bco, bco-dmo, biological, blows, blows_at_species, body, body_orientation, chemical, class, clipped, code, comprehensive, current, current_strength, data, dataset, date, day, dmo, erddap, est, fish, fish_id, fish_tag_code, habitat, hunt, hunting, killed, killed_species, kills, large, latitude, longitude, management, method, min, min_activity_time, month, notes, num, num_aggression_against_PTVO, num_aggressions, num_blows, num_kills, num_of_strikes, num_spines_clipped, oceanography, office, orientation, passive, passive_hunt_time, person, preliminary, prey, prey_size, ptvo, region, resting, resting_time, site, size, size_class, size_est, species, spines, start, stewardship, strength, strikes, strikes_at_species, sunrise, sunset, system, tag, tagged, time, time_start, time_start_adjusted, time_sunrise, time_sunset, total, total_hunting_time, very, very_active_hunt_time, weather, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/3975/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/3975 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 23.81761
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'3975': {'lat': 'master - latitude', 'lon': 'master - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/3975/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Oregon State University
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String OSU
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Mark Hixon
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 51647
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Lead Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Guam Marine Laboratory
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UOGML
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Katherine Cure
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 51710
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Scientist
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Lionfish Invasion
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Lionfish Invasion
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Invasive species are increasingly introduced by human activities to new regions of the world where those species have never existed previously. In the absence of natural enemies (predators, competitors, and diseases) from their homeland, invasives may have strong negative effects on invaded ecosystems, especially systems with fewer species ("ecological release"), and may even drive native species extinct. However, if native natural enemies can somehow control the invaders ("ecological resistance"), then ecological disruption can be prevented or at least moderated. Most of the many invasive species in the sea have been seaweeds and invertebrates, and the few documented invasive marine fishes have not caused major problems. However, this situation has recently changed in a stunning and ominous way. In the early 1990s, lionfish (Pterois volitans) from the Pacific Ocean were accidentally or intentionally released from aquaria to the ocean in the vicinity of Florida. Camouflaged by shape and color, protected by venomous spines, consuming native coral-reef fishes voraciously, and reproducing rapidly, lionfish have subsequently undergone a population explosion. They now range from the mid-Atlantic coast of the US to the Caribbean, including the Bahamas. Native Atlantic fishes have never before encountered this spiny, stealthy, efficient predator and seldom take evasive action. In fact, the investigator has documented that a single lionfish is capable of reducing the abundance of small fish on a small coral patch reef by nearly 80% in just 5 weeks. There is great concern that invasive lionfish may severely reduce the abundance of native coral-reef fishes important as food for humans (e.g., grouper and snapper in their juvenile stages) as well as species that normally maintain the integrity of coral reefs (e.g., grazing parrotfishes that can prevent seaweeds from smothering corals). There are far more species of coral-reef fish in the Pacific than the Atlantic, so this invasion may represent a case of extreme ecological release with minor ecological resistance. Dr. Hixon and colleagues will study the mechanisms of ecological release in lionfish, as well as examine potential sources of ecological resistance in the heavily invaded Bahamas. Because very little is known about the ecology and behavior of lionfish in their native Pacific range, he will also conduct comparative studies in both oceans, which may provide clues regarding the extreme success of this invasion. In the Bahamas, the investigator will document the direct and indirect effects on native species of the ecological release of lionfish, both as a predator and as a competitor. These studies will be conducted at various scales of time and space, from short-term experiments on small patch reefs, to long-term experiments and observations on large reefs. Whereas direct effects involve mostly changes in the abundance of native species, indirect effects can be highly variable. For example, lionfish may actually indirectly benefit some native species by either consuming or outcompeting the competitors of those natives. The project will explore possible ecological resistance to the invasion by determining whether any native Bahamian species are effective natural enemies of lionfish, including predators, parasites, and competitors of both juvenile and adult lionfish. Comparative studies of natural enemies, as well as lionfish ecology and behavior, in both the Atlantic and the Pacific may provide clues regarding the explosive spread of lionfish in the Atlantic.
Regarding broader impacts, this basic research will provide information valuable to coral-reef and fisheries managers fighting the lionfish invasion in the US, the Bahamas, and the greater Caribbean, especially if sources of native ecological resistance are identified. The study will fund the PhD research of U.S. graduate students, as well as involve assistance and participation by a broad variety of undergraduates and reef/fisheries managers, including women, minorities, native Bahamians, and native Pacific islanders. Participation in this project will promote education in marine ecology and conservation biology directly via Dr. Hixon's and graduate students' teaching and outreach activities, and indirectly via the experiences of undergraduate field assistants and various associates.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2012-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Mariana Islands; Philippines
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Ecological Release and Resistance at Sea: Invasion of Atlantic Coral Reefs by Pacific Lionfish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 2256
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://hixon.science.oregonstate.edu/content/highlight-lionfish-invasion (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2009-06
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 9.073039
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Behavioral observations of lionfish, with a focus on hunting activity throughout the day, at native Pacific (Guam and the Philippines) vs. invasive Atlantic locations (Bahamas and Caymans) to assess possible differences between ranges. Particular emphasis was placed on species hunted, time spent hunting and total numbers of kills and strikes. The investigators hypothesized that lionfish at invaded locations would have higher success at killing prey and spend less time hunting.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Behavioral observations of lionfish at native Pacific and invaded Atlantic locations (Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Guam, Philippines) from 2009-2012 (Lionfish Invasion project)
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -80.06091
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable basin   String  
attribute basin bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute basin description String Atlantic or Pacific Ocean.
attribute basin long_name String Basin
attribute basin units String text
variable region   String  
attribute region bcodmo_name String site_descrip
attribute region description String Region sampled.
attribute region long_name String Region
attribute region units String text
variable site   String  
attribute site bcodmo_name String site
attribute site description String Name of the reef site.
attribute site long_name String Site
attribute site units String text
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 9.073039, 23.81761
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude bcodmo_name String latitude
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String Latitude of the reef site.
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LATX/ (external link)
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -80.06091, 144.800067
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude bcodmo_name String longitude
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String Longitude of the reef site.
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P09/current/LONX/ (external link)
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable date   String  
attribute date bcodmo_name String date
attribute date description String Date in which observation was taken in�mm/dd/YYYY format.
attribute date long_name String Date
attribute date nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/ADATAA01/ (external link)
attribute date source_name String date
attribute date time_precision String 1970-01-01
attribute date units String unitless
variable month   String  
attribute month bcodmo_name String month
attribute month description String 2-digit month when observation was made.
attribute month long_name String Month
attribute month nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/MNTHXXXX/ (external link)
attribute month units String mm (01 to 12)
variable day   String  
attribute day bcodmo_name String day
attribute day description String 2-digit day of month when observation was made.
attribute day long_name String Day
attribute day nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/DAYXXXXX/ (external link)
attribute day units String dd (01 to 31)
variable year   short  
attribute year _FillValue short 32767
attribute year actual_range short 2009, 2010
attribute year bcodmo_name String year
attribute year description String 4-digit year when observation was made in�YYYY format.
attribute year long_name String Year
attribute year nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/YEARXXXX/ (external link)
attribute year units String unitless
variable time_sunrise   String  
attribute time_sunrise bcodmo_name String time_local
attribute time_sunrise description String Time (local) of sunrise at region sampled.
attribute time_sunrise long_name String Time Sunrise
attribute time_sunrise units String HH:MM
variable time_sunset   String  
attribute time_sunset bcodmo_name String time_local
attribute time_sunset description String Time (local) of sunset at region sampled.
attribute time_sunset long_name String Time Sunset
attribute time_sunset units String HH:MM
variable method   String  
attribute method bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute method description String Description of method use for observation (snorkel or scuba).
attribute method long_name String Method
attribute method units String text
variable time_start   String  
attribute time_start bcodmo_name String time_start
attribute time_start description String Time of day when 10-minute observation started.
attribute time_start long_name String Time Start
attribute time_start units String HH:MM
variable time_start_adjusted   String  
attribute time_start_adjusted bcodmo_name String time_start
attribute time_start_adjusted description String Time in hours and minutes between observation start and sunset at each site (i.e. time_start_adjusted = time_sunset - time_start)
attribute time_start_adjusted long_name String Time Start Adjusted
attribute time_start_adjusted units String HH:MM
variable person   String  
attribute person bcodmo_name String investigator
attribute person description String Initials of person who observed lionfish.
attribute person long_name String Person
attribute person units String text
variable location   String  
attribute location bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute location description String Description of specific area where lionfish was found at study site.
attribute location long_name String Location
attribute location units String text
variable body_orientation   String  
attribute body_orientation bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute body_orientation description String Description of specific body position of lionfish during the observation period.
attribute body_orientation long_name String Body Orientation
attribute body_orientation units String text
variable habitat   String  
attribute habitat bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute habitat description String Desciption of the habitat.Artificial = wrecks, tires, logs, piers, any kind of man-made or associated habitat.Coral = continuous reef or coral patch.Sand/rubble = sandy or coarse rubble area.Sponge = sponge gardens.Rock/boulder/cave = large rocks and boulders especially along channels. Seagrass = seagrass beds.
attribute habitat long_name String Habitat
attribute habitat units String text
variable weather   String  
attribute weather bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute weather description String Description of weather/cloud-cover.C = clear 0-25%PC = partly cloudy 25-75%O = overcast >75%
attribute weather long_name String Weather
attribute weather units String text
variable current_strength   String  
attribute current_strength bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute current_strength description String Description of current strength.low = diver barely kicking to maintain position.medium = periodic kicking required by diver to maintain position.high = constant kicking by diver required to maintain position.
attribute current_strength long_name String Current Strength
attribute current_strength units String text
variable tagged   String  
attribute tagged bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute tagged description String Describes whether or not elastomer tag was present on observed lionfish.
attribute tagged long_name String Tagged
attribute tagged units String yes/no
variable fish_id   String  
attribute fish_id bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute fish_id description String Identifies individuals when they were tagged according to a numbered record.
attribute fish_id long_name String Fish Id
attribute fish_id units String code
variable num_spines_clipped   String  
attribute num_spines_clipped bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_spines_clipped description String Numbers for the dorsal spines which were clipped on tagged individuals (e.g. 3;10 means spines # 3 and 10 were clipped). NC stands for not clipped.
attribute num_spines_clipped long_name String Num Spines Clipped
attribute num_spines_clipped units String text or numbers
variable fish_tag_code   String  
attribute fish_tag_code bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute fish_tag_code description String Describes combination of letters used to identify elsatomer tag placement along body (e.g. L-GM means tag is on the left side; green color in the mid region).
attribute fish_tag_code long_name String Fish Tag Code
attribute fish_tag_code units String text or numbers
variable size_est   byte  
attribute size_est _FillValue byte 127
attribute size_est actual_range byte 5, 35
attribute size_est bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute size_est description String Size in cm; estimated visually.
attribute size_est long_name String Size Est
attribute size_est units String cm
variable size_class   String  
attribute size_class bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute size_class description String Classes in 5 cm increments for posterior analyses.
attribute size_class long_name String Size Class
attribute size_class units String cm
variable resting_time   float  
attribute resting_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute resting_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute resting_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute resting_time description String Total proportion of 10 minute observation lionfish spent resting (0).
attribute resting_time long_name String Resting Time
attribute resting_time units String proportion
variable min_activity_time   float  
attribute min_activity_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute min_activity_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute min_activity_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute min_activity_time description String Total proportion of 10 minute observation lionfish spent in minimal activity (1).
attribute min_activity_time long_name String Min Activity Time
attribute min_activity_time units String proportion
variable active_time   float  
attribute active_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute active_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute active_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute active_time description String Total proportion of 10 minute observation that lionfish was active (2).
attribute active_time long_name String Active Time
attribute active_time units String proportion
variable passive_hunt_time   float  
attribute passive_hunt_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute passive_hunt_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute passive_hunt_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute passive_hunt_time description String Total proportion of 10 minute observation that lionfish spent passively hunting (3).
attribute passive_hunt_time long_name String Passive Hunt Time
attribute passive_hunt_time units String proportion
variable very_active_hunt_time   float  
attribute very_active_hunt_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute very_active_hunt_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute very_active_hunt_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute very_active_hunt_time description String Total proportion of 10 minute observation that lionfish was hunting/very active (4).
attribute very_active_hunt_time long_name String Very Active Hunt Time
attribute very_active_hunt_time units String proportion
variable avg_activity   float  
attribute avg_activity _FillValue float NaN
attribute avg_activity actual_range float 0.0, 0.8
attribute avg_activity bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute avg_activity description String Weighted average of proportions of time spent in all observed activities during each 10-minute observation. avg_activity = [(0*resting_time)+(1*min_activity_time)+(2*active_time)+(3*passive_hunt_time)+(4*very_active_hunt_time)]/5
attribute avg_activity long_name String Avg Activity
attribute avg_activity units String proportion
variable total_hunting_time   float  
attribute total_hunting_time _FillValue float NaN
attribute total_hunting_time actual_range float 0.0, 1.0
attribute total_hunting_time bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute total_hunting_time description String Sum of proportion of time spent hunting (passive hunting + active hunting).
attribute total_hunting_time long_name String Total Hunting Time
attribute total_hunting_time units String proportion
variable num_of_strikes   byte  
attribute num_of_strikes _FillValue byte 127
attribute num_of_strikes actual_range byte 0, 8
attribute num_of_strikes bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_of_strikes description String Total number of strikes by lionfish against prey.
attribute num_of_strikes long_name String Num Of Strikes
attribute num_of_strikes units String integer
variable strikes_at_species   String  
attribute strikes_at_species bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute strikes_at_species description String Identification of species or taxa striked against by lionfish for each strike.
attribute strikes_at_species long_name String Strikes At Species
attribute strikes_at_species units String code/text
variable num_blows   String  
attribute num_blows bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_blows description String Total number of blows against prey.
attribute num_blows long_name String Num Blows
attribute num_blows units String integer
variable blows_at_species   String  
attribute blows_at_species bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute blows_at_species description String Identification of species or taxa blown against by lionfish.
attribute blows_at_species long_name String Blows At Species
attribute blows_at_species units String code/text
variable num_aggressions   byte  
attribute num_aggressions _FillValue byte 127
attribute num_aggressions actual_range byte 0, 6
attribute num_aggressions bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_aggressions description String Total number of aggressions by lionfish against other species.
attribute num_aggressions long_name String Num Aggressions
attribute num_aggressions units String integer
variable aggression_at_species   String  
attribute aggression_at_species bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute aggression_at_species description String Identification of species or taxa aggresive towards lionfish.
attribute aggression_at_species long_name String Aggression At Species
attribute aggression_at_species units String code/text
variable num_kills   byte  
attribute num_kills _FillValue byte 127
attribute num_kills actual_range byte 0, 3
attribute num_kills bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_kills description String Total number of kills.
attribute num_kills long_name String Num Kills
attribute num_kills units String integer
variable killed_species   String  
attribute killed_species bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute killed_species description String Identification of species or taxa killed by lionfish.
attribute killed_species long_name String Killed Species
attribute killed_species units String code/text
variable prey_size   String  
attribute prey_size bcodmo_name String fish_len
attribute prey_size description String Estimate of prey size (cm) when a kill occurred.
attribute prey_size long_name String Prey Size
attribute prey_size units String cm
variable num_aggression_against_PTVO   byte  
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO _FillValue byte 127
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO actual_range byte 0, 8
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO description String Total number of aggressions by other species against lionfish.
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO long_name String Num Aggression Against PTVO
attribute num_aggression_against_PTVO units String integer
variable aggressive_species   String  
attribute aggressive_species bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute aggressive_species description String Identification of species or taxa aggresive towards lionfish.
attribute aggressive_species long_name String Aggressive Species
attribute aggressive_species units String code/text
variable notes   String  
attribute notes bcodmo_name String unknown
attribute notes description String Data entry related or QA/AC related notes or notes about a particular observation. NONE or nd if no notes associated with observation.
attribute notes long_name String Notes
attribute notes units String text

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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