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   set  data   graph     files  public CO2 \u00d7 temperature specific early life survival and growth of Menidia menidia assessed by
5 factorial experiments
   ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_732818

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv,.esriCsv,.geoJson
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String CO2 \u00d7 temperature manipulations and measurements:
For 2 \u00d7 2 and 3 \u00d7 2 factorial designs, replicate rearing
containers (20 L) were placed into large temperature-controlled water baths.
Elevated CO2 levels were achieved via gas proportioners (ColeParmer\u00ae)
mixing air with 100% CO2 (bone dry grade) that was delivered continuously to
the bottom of each replicate rearing container via airstone. To counteract
metabolic CO2 accumulation, control CO2 conditions were achieved by forcing
compressed laboratory air through a series of CO2 stripping units containing
granular soda lime (AirGas\u00ae), a particle filter (1 \u00b5m), and then to
each replicate via airstone. Target pH levels were monitored daily using a
handheld pH probes (Orion Ross Ultra pH/ATC Triode with Orion Star A121 pH
Portable Meter; Intellical PHC281 pH Electrode with Hach\u00ae HQ11D Handheld
pH/ORP Meter) calibrated bi-weekly with 2-point pHNBS references. Continuous
bubbling maintained dissolved oxygen saturation (>8 mg/ DO) in rearing
vessels. Target treatment temperatures were controlled by thermostats
(Aqualogic\u00ae) which powered chillers (DeltaStar\u00ae) or glass
submersible heaters to maintain water bath temperatures. For 3 \u00d7 3
factorial experiments, we developed an automated acidification system composed
of nine discrete recirculation units designed for larval fish rearing. We
designed a LabView (National Instruments\u00ae) based program to fully
automate the control of seawater chemistry. The software interfaces with the
recirculating units via a data-acquisition module (NI cDAQ-9184, National
Instruments\u00ae), which controls nine sampling pumps (one per tank) and a
series of gas and water solenoid valves, while receiving input from a central
pH electrode (Hach pHD\u00ae digital electrode calibrated weekly using 2-point
pHNBS references) and dissolved oxygen probe (Hach LDO\u00ae Model 2). The
software sequentially assesses the pH conditions in each rearing unit (each
tank once per hour) by pumping water for ~450 seconds through the housing of
the central pH probe, comparing measured pH levels to set-points and then
adjusting levels by bubbling standardized amounts 100% CO2 (bone dry grade,
AirGas\u00ae) or CO2-stripped air into the sump of each tank. The software
also maintains DO saturation (>8 mg/l) by bubbling in CO2-stripped air.
LabView logs current pH, temperature, and DO conditions before cycling to the
next unit. Temperatures were controlled by thermostats (Aqualogic\u00ae) that
powered submersible heaters or in-line chillers (DeltaStar\u00ae).

Actual treatment CO2 levels were determined based on measurements of pH,
temperature, salinity, and total alkalinity (AT). Treatment tanks were sampled
three times per experiment for measurements of AT (\u03bcmol kg-1). Seawater
was siphoned and filtered (to 10 \u00b5m) into 300 ml borosilicate bottles.
Salinity was measured at the time of sampling using a refractometer. Bottles
were stored at 3\u02daC and measured for AT within two weeks of sampling using
an endpoint titration (Mettler Toledo\u00ae\u00a0G20 Potentiometric Titrator).
Methodological accuracy (within \u00b11%) of alkalinity titrations were
verified and calibrated using Dr. Andrew Dickson\u2019s (University of
California San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography) certified reference
material for AT in seawater. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2,; \u03bcatm)
was calculated in CO2SYS (V2.1,
[http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/co2sys](\\"http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/co2sys\\"))
based on measured AT, pHNBS, temperature, and salinity using K1 and K2
constants from Mehrbach et al. (1973)\u00a0 refit by Dickson and Millero
(1987)\u00a0 and Dickson (1990) for KHSO4.

Field sampling and experimental designs:
Collections of wild, spawning ripe Atlantic silversides were made during
high tide 1-3 days prior to full or new moons during the species spawning
season. Adults were caught with a 30 m \u00d7 2 m beach seine from local salt
marshes and transported live to our laboratory facilities. Ripe adults were
held overnight at 20\u00b0C in well aerated tanks at low densities with no
food and strip spawned the next day.

For each experiment, eggs from 20+ running-ripe females were gently mixed into
shallow plastic dishes lined with 1 mm plastic window screening. 20+ males
were stripped-spawned together into 500 ml glass beakers, mixed with seawater,
stirred, then gently poured into spawning dishes and mixed with eggs for ~15
minutes. Screens were rinsed with seawater to remove unfertilized eggs and
then soaked in a 100 ppm buffered iodine (Ovadine\u00ae) solution for 15
minutes to prevent fungal infection. Experiments were initiated within two
hours of fertilization when replicate rearing vessels received precisely 100
embryos. Vessels were filled with clean seawater (filtered to 1 \u00b5m and UV
sterilized). Optimal salinity (27-31) and light conditions (15 h light:9 h
dark) for rearing M. menidia were maintained across experiments. Upon hatching
larvae were immediately provided ad libitum rations of newly hatched brine
shrimp nauplii (Artemia salina, San Francisco strain, brineshrimpdirect.com)
and equal rations of powdered weaning diet (Otohime Marine Fish Diet, size A1,
Reed Mariculture\u00ae). To quantify hatching survival, one day post first
hatch larvae were counted by gently scooping small groups into replacement
rearing vessels. For initial hatch measurements, random sub-samples (N = 10)
from each replicate were preserved in 5% formaldehyde/freshwater solution
buffered with saturated sodium tetraborate. All experiments were terminated
when larvae reached ~10 mm standard length (SL). At termination, all survivors
were counted and measured for standard length (SL, nearest 0.01 mm) via
calibrated digital images (Image Pro Premier\u00ae V9.0).
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 650183
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1536336
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1536336 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Dr Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String CO2 x temperature effects on Menidia menidia offspring
PI: Hannes Baumann (UConn)
Co-PIs: Christopher Murray (UConn) & Janet Nye (SUNY Stony Brook)
Version: 05 April 2018
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.2d 13 Jun 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2018-04-03T18:40:18Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2018-07-24T16:37:11Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.742200
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double -72.015247
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 41.321526
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double 40.947376
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double -72.015247
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double -73.10258
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/732818 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_acronym String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Target pH levels were monitored daily using a handheld pH probes (Orion Ross Ultra pH/ATC Triode with Orion Star A121 pH Portable Meter; Intellical PHC281 pH Electrode with Hach�HQ11D Handheld pH/ORP Meter) calibrated bi-weekly with 2-point pHNBS references.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 732828
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String General term for an instrument that measures the pH or how acidic or basic a solution is.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String pH Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 674
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String handheld pH probe
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_acronym String Refractometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_description String Salinity was measured at the time of sampling using a refractometer.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_dataset_instrument_nid String 732830
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_description String A refractometer is a laboratory or field device for the measurement of an index of refraction (refractometry). The index of refraction is calculated from Snell's law and can be calculated from the composition of the material using the Gladstone-Dale relation.

In optics the refractive index (or index of refraction) n of a substance (optical medium) is a dimensionless number that describes how light, or any other radiation, propagates through that medium.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_name String Refractometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_instrument_nid String 679
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_1_supplied_name String refractometer
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_acronym String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_description String Bottles were stored at 3˚C and measured for AT within two weeks of sampling using an endpoint titration (Mettler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator).�
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_dataset_instrument_nid String 732831
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_description String Instruments that incrementally add quantified aliquots of a reagent to a sample until the end-point of a chemical reaction is reached.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB12/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_name String Automatic titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_instrument_nid String 682
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_2_supplied_name String Mettler Toledo G20 Potentiometric Titrator
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_acronym String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_dataset_instrument_nid String 732829
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_description String An electronic device that measures the proportion of oxygen (O2) in the gas or liquid being analyzed
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_name String Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_instrument_nid String 705
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_3_supplied_name String dissolved oxygen probe
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_acronym String Airstone
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_dataset_instrument_description String Elevated CO2 levels were achieved via gas proportioners (ColeParmer) mixing air with 100% CO2 (bone dry grade) that was delivered continuously to the bottom of each replicate rearing container via airstone.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_dataset_instrument_nid String 732827
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_description String Airstone - Also called an aquarium bubbler, is a piece of aquarium furniture, traditionally a piece of limewood or porous stone, whose purpose is to gradually diffuse air into the tank, eliminating the noise and large bubbles of conventional air filtration systems
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_instrument_name String Airstone
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_instrument_nid String 713
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_4_supplied_name String airstone
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_acronym String Immersion heater
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_dataset_instrument_description String Target treatment temperatures were controlled by thermostats (Aqualogic) which powered chillers (DeltaStar) or glass submersible heaters to maintain water bath temperatures.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_dataset_instrument_nid String 732834
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_description String Submersible heating element for water tanks and aquaria.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_instrument_name String Immersion heater
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_instrument_nid String 522981
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_5_supplied_name String glass submersible heaters
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_acronym String Aquarium chiller
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_dataset_instrument_description String Target treatment temperatures were controlled by thermostats (Aqualogic) which powered chillers (DeltaStar) or glass submersible heaters to maintain water bath temperatures.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_dataset_instrument_nid String 732833
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_description String Immersible or in-line liquid cooling device, usually with temperature control.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_instrument_name String Aquarium chiller
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_instrument_nid String 522982
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_6_supplied_name String DeltaStar chiller
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_dataset_instrument_description String Adults were caught with a 30 m � 2 m beach seine from local salt marshes and transported live to our laboratory facilities.�
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_dataset_instrument_nid String 732832
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_description String A seine net is a very long net, with or without a bag in the centre, which is set either from the shore or from a boat for surrounding a certain area and is operated with two (long) ropes fixed to its ends (for hauling and herding the fish).

Seine nets are operated both in inland and in marine waters. The surrounded and catching area depends on the length of the seine and of the hauling lines.

(definition from: fao.org)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_instrument_name String Seine Net
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_instrument_nid String 716403
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_7_supplied_name String beach seine
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String adult, adult_collection_site, age, bco, bco-dmo, biological, biology, carbon, carbon dioxide, chemical, chemistry, co2, collection, data, dataset, date, dioxide, dmo, earth, Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > pH, embryo, erddap, experiment, fertilization, final, final_length, final_sample_age, final_sample_date, growth, growth_rate, hatch, hatch_length, hatch_sample_age, hatch_sample_date, larval, latitude, length, longitude, management, ocean, oceanography, oceans, office, pCO2, preliminary, rate, rel, rel_embryo_survival, rel_larval_survival, replicate, reported, salinity, sample, scale, science, sea, sea_water_ph_reported_on_total_scale, seawater, site, species, survival, tank, taxonomy, temperature, time, total, water
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String The data may be used and redistributed for free but is not intended
for legal use, since it may contain inaccuracies. Neither the data
Contributor, ERD, NOAA, nor the United States Government, nor any
of their employees or contractors, makes any warranty, express or
implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose, or assumes any legal liability for the accuracy,
completeness, or usefulness, of this information.
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/732818 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 41.321526
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'732818': {'latitude': 'flag - latitude', 'longitude': 'flag - longitude'}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/732818/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Hannes Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 528586
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String UConn - Avery Point
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Christopher S. Murray
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 742121
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Stony Brook University - SoMAS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String SUNY-SB SoMAS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Janet Nye
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 650186
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation String University of Connecticut
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_affiliation_acronym String UConn
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_name String Hannes Baumann
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_person_nid String 528586
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role String Contact
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_3_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_person_nid String 51498
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_4_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Collaborative research: Understanding the effects of acidification and hypoxia within and across generations in a coastal marine fish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String HYPOA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Description from NSF award abstract:
Coastal marine ecosystems provide a number of important services and resources for humans, and at the same time, coastal waters are subject to environmental stressors such as increases in ocean acidification and reductions in dissolved oxygen. The effects of these stressors on coastal marine organisms remain poorly understood because most research to date has examined the sensitivity of species to one factor, but not to more than one in combination. This project will determine how a model fish species, the Atlantic silverside, will respond to observed and predicted levels of dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2). Shorter-term experiments will measure embryo and larval survival, growth, and metabolism, and determine whether parents experiencing stressful conditions produce more robust offspring. Longer-term experiments will study the consequences of ocean acidification over the entire life span by quantifying the effects of high-CO2 conditions on the ratio of males to females, lifetime growth, and reproductive investment. These studies will provide a more comprehensive view of how multiple stressors may impact populations of Atlantic silversides and potentially other important forage fish species. This collaborative project will support and train three graduate students at the University of Connecticut and the Stony Brook University (NY), two institutions that attract students from minority groups. It will also provide a variety of opportunities for undergraduates to participate in research and the public to learn about the study, through summer research projects, incorporation in the "Women in Science and Engineering" program, and interactive displays of environmental data from monitoring buoys. The two early-career investigators are committed to increasing ocean literacy and awareness of NSF-funded research through public talks and presentations.
This project responds to the recognized need for multi-stressor assessments of species sensitivities to anthropogenic environmental change. It will combine environmental monitoring with advanced experimental approaches to characterize early and whole life consequences of acidification and hypoxia in the Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia), a valued model species and important forage fish along most of the US east coast. Experiments will employ a newly constructed, computer-controlled fish rearing system to allow independent and combined manipulation of seawater pCO2 and dissolved oxygen (DO) content and the application of static and fluctuating pCO2 and DO levels that were chosen to represent contemporary and potential future scenarios in productive coastal habitats. First CO2, DO, and CO2 � DO dependent reaction norms will be quantified for fitness-relevant early life history (ELH) traits including pre- and post-hatch survival, time to hatch, post-hatch growth, by rearing offspring collected from wild adults from fertilization to 20 days post hatch (dph) using a full factorial design of 3 CO2 � 3 DO levels. Second, the effects of tidal and diel CO2 � DO fluctuations of different amplitudes on silverside ELH traits will be quantified. To address knowledge gaps regarding the CO2-sensitivity in this species, laboratory manipulations of adult spawner environments and reciprocal offspring exposure experiments will elucidate the role of transgenerational plasticity as a potential short-term mechanism to cope with changing environments. To better understand the mechanisms of fish early life CO2-sensitivity, the effects of temperature � CO2 on pre- and post-hatch metabolism will be robustly quantified. The final objective is to rear silversides from fertilization to maturity under different CO2 levels and assess potential CO2-effects on sex ratio and whole life growth and fecundity.
Related references:
Gobler, C.J. and Baumann, H. (2016) Hypoxia and acidification in ocean ecosystems: Coupled dynamics and effects on marine life. Biology Letters 12:20150976. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2015.0976
Baumann, H. (2016) Combined effects of ocean acidification, warming, and hypoxia on marine organisms. Limnology and Oceanography e-Lectures 6:1-43. doi:10.1002/loe2.10002
Depasquale, E., Baumann, H., and Gobler, C.J. (2015) Variation in early life stage vulnerability among Northwest Atlantic estuarine forage fish to ocean acidification and low oxygen Marine Ecology Progress Series 523: 145–156.doi:10.3354/meps11142
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2018-11
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Eastern Long Island Sound, CT, USA
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Collaborative research: Understanding the effects of acidification and hypoxia within and across generations in a coastal marine fish
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 650184
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-12
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Shannon Rauch
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager(s)
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double 40.947376
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v29
attribute NC_GLOBAL subsetVariables String species
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String In five individual rearing experiments, wild-caught M. menidia adults were spawned to test offspring sensitivity to factorial combinations of pCO2 (nominal: 400, 2200, 4000, and 6000 \u00b5atm) and temperature (17, 20, 24, and 28 \u00b0C) through measurements of early-life survival and growth. For experiment 1, adults were collected from Poquot Beach (40.947376, -73.10258), and the experiment took place at Stony Brook University\u2019s Flax Pond Marine Laboratory. For experiments 2\u20135, spawning adults were collected from Mumford Cove (41.321526, -72.015247), and experiments were conducted in the Rankin Seawater Facility at University of Connecticut\u2019s Avery Point campus. The experiments quantified two survival and two growth traits for each replicate and CO2 \u00d7 temperature treatment; embryo survival (fertilization to 1 dph), larval survival (1 dph to experiment termination), size (SL) at hatch (1 dph), and growth rate ((SL at end of experiment \u2013 SL 1dph)/number days reared post hatch). These data are published in: Murray, C.S., and Baumann, H. (2018) You Better Repeat It: Complex CO2 \u00d7 Temperature Effects in Atlantic Silverside Offspring Revealed by Serial experimentation. Diversity. doi:10.3390/d10030069.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String CO2 \u00d7 temperature specific early life survival and growth of Menidia menidia assessed by 5 factorial experiments
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double -73.10258
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.5-beta
variable experiment   byte  
attribute experiment _FillValue byte 127
attribute experiment actual_range byte 1, 5
attribute experiment description String Experiment number
attribute experiment ioos_category String Unknown
attribute experiment long_name String Experiment
attribute experiment units String unitless
variable species   String  
attribute species description String Scientific name of the speices (Menidia menidia, the Atlantic silverside)
attribute species ioos_category String Taxonomy
attribute species long_name String Species
attribute species units String unitless
variable adult_collection_site   String  
attribute adult_collection_site description String Site of the collection of wild adult spawners
attribute adult_collection_site ioos_category String Unknown
attribute adult_collection_site long_name String Adult Collection Site
attribute adult_collection_site units String unitless
variable latitude   double  
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute latitude actual_range double 40.947376, 41.321526
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude colorBarMaximum double 90.0
attribute latitude colorBarMinimum double -90.0
attribute latitude description String Latitude of adult collection site
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
variable longitude   double  
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude _FillValue double NaN
attribute longitude actual_range double -73.10258, -72.015247
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude colorBarMaximum double 180.0
attribute longitude colorBarMinimum double -180.0
attribute longitude description String Longitude of adult collection site
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
variable tank   String  
attribute tank description String Tank number
attribute tank ioos_category String Unknown
attribute tank long_name String Tank
attribute tank units String unitless
variable replicate   byte  
attribute replicate _FillValue byte 127
attribute replicate actual_range byte 1, 98
attribute replicate description String Within experiment replicate number
attribute replicate ioos_category String Unknown
attribute replicate long_name String Replicate
attribute replicate missing_value byte 99
attribute replicate units String unitless
variable temperature   float  
attribute temperature _FillValue float NaN
attribute temperature actual_range float 16.9, 28.2
attribute temperature description String Average temperature experienced by fish in degrees celsius
attribute temperature ioos_category String Temperature
attribute temperature long_name String Temperature
attribute temperature units String degrees Celsius
variable pH   float  
attribute pH _FillValue float NaN
attribute pH actual_range float 7.14, 8.24
attribute pH colorBarMaximum double 9.0
attribute pH colorBarMinimum double 7.0
attribute pH description String Average pH level experienced by the fish NBS
attribute pH ioos_category String Salinity
attribute pH long_name String Sea Water Ph Reported On Total Scale
attribute pH units String pH NBS
variable pCO2   short  
attribute pCO2 _FillValue short 32767
attribute pCO2 actual_range short 322, 6195
attribute pCO2 description String Calculated average pCO2 levels in �atm calculated by CO2SYS based on alkalinity, pH, and temperature
attribute pCO2 ioos_category String CO2
attribute pCO2 long_name String P CO2
attribute pCO2 units String atm
variable fertilization_date   String  
attribute fertilization_date description String Date offspring were fertilized by stripspawning 20+ adults of each sex; formatted as yyyy/mm/dd
attribute fertilization_date ioos_category String Time
attribute fertilization_date long_name String Fertilization Date
attribute fertilization_date source_name String fertilization_date
attribute fertilization_date units String unitless
variable hatch_sample_date   String  
attribute hatch_sample_date description String Date offspring were sampled for hatch survival and measurements; formatted as yyyy/mm/dd
attribute hatch_sample_date ioos_category String Time
attribute hatch_sample_date long_name String Hatch Sample Date
attribute hatch_sample_date units String unitless
variable hatch_sample_age   byte  
attribute hatch_sample_age _FillValue byte 127
attribute hatch_sample_age actual_range byte 5, 15
attribute hatch_sample_age description String Age in days post fertilization (dpf) on the date of hatch sampling
attribute hatch_sample_age ioos_category String Time
attribute hatch_sample_age long_name String Hatch Sample Age
attribute hatch_sample_age units String days
variable final_sample_date   String  
attribute final_sample_date description String Date offspring were sampled for final survival and measurements; formatted as yyyy/mm/dd
attribute final_sample_date ioos_category String Time
attribute final_sample_date long_name String Final Sample Date
attribute final_sample_date units String unitless
variable final_sample_age   byte  
attribute final_sample_age _FillValue byte 127
attribute final_sample_age actual_range byte 14, 36
attribute final_sample_age description String Age in days post fertilization (dpf) on the date of final sampling
attribute final_sample_age ioos_category String Time
attribute final_sample_age long_name String Final Sample Age
attribute final_sample_age units String days
variable rel_embryo_survival   float  
attribute rel_embryo_survival _FillValue float NaN
attribute rel_embryo_survival actual_range float 0.39, 1.0
attribute rel_embryo_survival description String relative survival of embryos (0-1)
attribute rel_embryo_survival ioos_category String Unknown
attribute rel_embryo_survival long_name String Rel Embryo Survival
attribute rel_embryo_survival units String unitless (fraction)
variable rel_larval_survival   float  
attribute rel_larval_survival _FillValue float NaN
attribute rel_larval_survival actual_range float 0.03, 1.0
attribute rel_larval_survival description String relative survival from hatch to experiment termination (0-1)
attribute rel_larval_survival ioos_category String Biology
attribute rel_larval_survival long_name String Rel Larval Survival
attribute rel_larval_survival units String unitless (fraction)
variable hatch_length   float  
attribute hatch_length _FillValue float NaN
attribute hatch_length actual_range float 4.42, 5.74
attribute hatch_length description String Average replicate hatch length (mm)
attribute hatch_length ioos_category String Unknown
attribute hatch_length long_name String Hatch Length
attribute hatch_length units String millimeters (mm)
variable final_length   float  
attribute final_length _FillValue float NaN
attribute final_length actual_range float 6.95, 10.57
attribute final_length description String Average replicate final length (mm)
attribute final_length ioos_category String Unknown
attribute final_length long_name String Final Length
attribute final_length units String millimeters (mm)
variable growth_rate   float  
attribute growth_rate _FillValue float NaN
attribute growth_rate actual_range float 0.14, 0.56
attribute growth_rate description String average replicate growth rate (mm d-1) of offspring from hatch to experiment termination
attribute growth_rate ioos_category String Unknown
attribute growth_rate long_name String Growth Rate
attribute growth_rate units String millimeters per day (mm d-1)

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.


 
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