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Title Sum-
Institution Dataset ID
   set  data   graph     files  public Absolute abundance of Foraminifera in Pacific Panama, 2019    ?     I   M   background (external link) RSS Subscribe BCO-DMO bcodmo_dataset_776411

The Dataset's Variables and Attributes

Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL access_formats String .htmlTable,.csv,.json,.mat,.nc,.tsv
attribute NC_GLOBAL acquisition_description String In March 2019, samples were collected at 3 sites in the Gulf of Chiriqui and 3
sites in the Gulf of Panama. Five, 10-20 cm3 samples of sand from each
location were collected with a spoon and placed in a plastic bag for a total
of 30 samples. They were taken back to the lab where foraminifera abundances
and identification to the genus level were collected using a stereomicroscope.
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_nid String 655898
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_award_number String OCE-1535007
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_data_url String http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1535007 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funder_name String NSF Division of Ocean Sciences
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_acronym String NSF OCE
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_funding_source_nid String 355
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager String Michael E. Sieracki
attribute NC_GLOBAL awards_0_program_manager_nid String 50446
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Other
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Foraminifera counts
Absolute abundance of Foraminifera in Pacific Panama, 2019
PI: Aronson, R.B. (FIT), L. Toth (USGS)
Version: 2019-09-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String COARDS, CF-1.6, ACDD-1.3
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String info at bco-dmo.org
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String https://www.bco-dmo.org/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL data_source String extract_data_as_tsv version 2.3 19 Dec 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2019-09-11T14:18:11Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2019-09-12T13:23:02Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL defaultDataQuery String &time<now
attribute NC_GLOBAL doi String 10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.776411.1
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/776411 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_description String Used to count and identify foraminifera.
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_dataset_instrument_nid String 776418
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_description String Instruments that generate enlarged images of samples using the phenomena of reflection and absorption of visible light. Includes conventional and inverted instruments. Also called a "light microscope".
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_external_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/L05/current/LAB05/ (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_name String Microscope-Optical
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_instrument_nid String 708
attribute NC_GLOBAL instruments_0_supplied_name String stereo microscope
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String amphistegina, articulina, bco, bco-dmo, biological, bolivina, borelis, chemical, cymbaloporetta, data, dataset, discorbis, dmo, elphidium, erddap, gulf, hayesina, Location, management, marginopora, miliolinella, neoconorbina, nonioinella, oceanography, office, peneroplis, planorbulina, preliminary, pseudohauerina, quinqueloculina, reusella, rosa, RosaDiscorbis, sediment, site, sorites, spiroloculina, textularia, total, triloculina, uvigerina, weight, Weight_of_Sediment, year
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/776411/license (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL metadata_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/api/dataset/776411 (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL param_mapping String {'776411': {}}
attribute NC_GLOBAL parameter_source String https://www.bco-dmo.org/mapserver/dataset/776411/parameters (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation String Florida Institute of Technology
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_affiliation_acronym String FIT
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_name String Dr Richard B. Aronson
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_person_nid String 655902
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role String Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_0_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation String United States Geological Survey
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_affiliation_acronym String USGS
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_name String Dr Lauren T. Toth
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_person_nid String 655904
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role String Co-Principal Investigator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_1_role_type String originator
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation String Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_affiliation_acronym String WHOI BCO-DMO
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_name String Nancy Copley
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_person_nid String 50396
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role String BCO-DMO Data Manager
attribute NC_GLOBAL people_2_role_type String related
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String Coral Climate ETP
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_acronym String Coral Climate ETP
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_description String Coral reefs are under threat around the world, and climate change is the main reason they are declining. Knowing how local conditions on a reef exaggerate or mask the impacts of climate change make it possible to predict which reefs are most likely to survive longer and, therefore, which reefs deserve the greatest effort and funding for conservation. Reefs off the Pacific coast of Panama are vulnerable to the impacts of global climate change but are also strongly influenced by small-scale currents and other local conditions. The goal of this study is to see how those local differences affect coral growth and the ability of the corals to build reefs. Climate change appears poised to shut down reef growth off Pacific Panama within the next century. Considering that sea-level rise is accelerating at the same time, if coral reefs shut down they will not be able to protect populated shorelines from storm damage and erosion. In addition to its scientific insights, this project will provide undergraduate and graduate training, provide research training for underrepresented groups, advance women in scientific careers, and contribute important information for management and policy. The results will be incorporated into innovative curricular materials for K through 12 classes in Title-I schools in Florida aligned with Next Generation (Common Core) standards, and standards for Climate and Ocean Literacy. An annual film festival will be organized for K through 12 students to explore themes in marine science through videography.
Global climate change is now the leading cause of coral-reef degradation, but the extent to which mesoscale oceanography overprints climatic forcing is poorly understood. Previous studies in Pacific Panama showed that reef ecosystems collapsed from 4100 to 1600 years ago. The 2500-yr hiatus in reef-building occurred at locations throughout the Pacific, and the primary cause was increased variability of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation. This study will determine the influence of contemporary variability in mesoscale oceanography in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) on variability in the condition of local coral populations. Insights from the living populations will be combined with paleoecological and geochemical studies of reef frameworks to infer past conditions that were inimical or beneficial to coral growth and reef accretion. Three primary hypotheses will be tested in Pacific Panama:
H1. Mesoscale oceanography is manifested in gradients of reef condition, coral growth, and coral physiological condition. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling confers positive effects on coral growth rate and physiology.
H2. The impacts of mesoscale oceanographic regimes on the growth and condition of reef-corals were felt at least as far back as the mid- to late Holocene.
H3. Physiographic protection from upwelling currents and thermocline shoaling conferred positive effects on vertical reef accretion in the past and shortened the late-Holocene hiatus.
Specific research approaches to test these hypotheses will include collecting high-resolution, oceanographic time series to characterize contemporary environments along gradients of physical conditions; collecting ecological and geochemical data on the condition of living coral populations; and extracting cores from the reef frameworks and analyzing the coral assemblages taxonomically, taphonomically, and geochemically to assess patterns of biotic and paleoenvironmental variability. Strong spatial and temporal variability in the physical drivers of reef development make the ETP an excellent model system in which to examine the response of coral reefs to climate change over a range of physical regimes. This research will provide a unique opportunity to tease apart the controls on reef development across multiple spatial and temporal scales. The climatology underlying the late-Holocene hiatus was similar to probable scenarios for the next century, implying that climate change could be driving reef ecosystems of the ETP (and elsewhere) toward another collapse. Understanding how the hiatus unfolded along oceanographic gradients will increase our power to predict the future responses of reefs to a rapidly changing climate.
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_end_date String 2019-03
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_geolocation String Pacific Panamá
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_name String Collaborative Research: Climate Change, Mesoscale Oceanography, and the Dynamics of Eastern Pacific Coral Reefs
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_nid String 655899
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_project_website String http://www.fit.edu/research/portal/project/420/climate-change-mesoscale-oceanography-and-the-dynamics-of-eastern-pacific-coral-reefs (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL projects_0_start_date String 2015-09
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String Biological and Chemical Oceanographic Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v55
attribute NC_GLOBAL subsetVariables String Year
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String Absolute abundance of Foraminifera in Pacific Panama, 2019.
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Absolute abundance of Foraminifera in Pacific Panama, 2019
attribute NC_GLOBAL version String 1
attribute NC_GLOBAL xml_source String osprey2erddap.update_xml() v1.3
variable Gulf   String  
attribute Gulf bcodmo_name String region
attribute Gulf description String location of the study
attribute Gulf long_name String Gulf
attribute Gulf units String unitless
variable Location   String  
attribute Location bcodmo_name String site
attribute Location description String experimental site
attribute Location long_name String Location
attribute Location units String unitless
variable Site   String  
attribute Site bcodmo_name String sample
attribute Site description String coded identifier for sampling location
attribute Site long_name String Site
attribute Site nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P02/current/ACYC/ (external link)
attribute Site units String unitless
variable Year   short  
attribute Year _FillValue short 32767
attribute Year actual_range short 2019, 2019
attribute Year bcodmo_name String year
attribute Year description String time when sample was collected
attribute Year long_name String Year
attribute Year nerc_identifier String https://vocab.nerc.ac.uk/collection/P01/current/YEARXXXX/ (external link)
attribute Year units String unitless
variable Weight_of_Sediment   float  
attribute Weight_of_Sediment _FillValue float NaN
attribute Weight_of_Sediment actual_range float 1.3522, 6.7434
attribute Weight_of_Sediment bcodmo_name String weight
attribute Weight_of_Sediment description String sediment weight containing the foraminiferas
attribute Weight_of_Sediment long_name String Weight Of Sediment
attribute Weight_of_Sediment units String grams (g)
variable Quinqueloculina   byte  
attribute Quinqueloculina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Quinqueloculina actual_range byte 19, 110
attribute Quinqueloculina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Quinqueloculina description String the relative abundance of Quinqueloculina in the sediment
attribute Quinqueloculina long_name String Quinqueloculina
attribute Quinqueloculina units String unitless
variable Spiroloculina   byte  
attribute Spiroloculina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Spiroloculina actual_range byte 0, 6
attribute Spiroloculina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Spiroloculina description String the relative abundance of Spiroloculina in the sediment
attribute Spiroloculina long_name String Spiroloculina
attribute Spiroloculina units String unitless
variable RosaDiscorbis   short  
attribute RosaDiscorbis _FillValue short 32767
attribute RosaDiscorbis actual_range short 70, 197
attribute RosaDiscorbis bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute RosaDiscorbis description String the relative abundance of RosaDiscorbis in the sediment
attribute RosaDiscorbis long_name String Rosa Discorbis
attribute RosaDiscorbis units String unitless
variable Peneroplis   byte  
attribute Peneroplis _FillValue byte 127
attribute Peneroplis actual_range byte 0, 48
attribute Peneroplis bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Peneroplis description String the relative abundance of Peneroplis in the sediment
attribute Peneroplis long_name String Peneroplis
attribute Peneroplis units String unitless
variable Neoconorbina   byte  
attribute Neoconorbina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Neoconorbina actual_range byte 0, 7
attribute Neoconorbina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Neoconorbina description String the relative abundance of Neoconorbina in the sediment
attribute Neoconorbina long_name String Neoconorbina
attribute Neoconorbina units String unitless
variable Sorites   byte  
attribute Sorites _FillValue byte 127
attribute Sorites actual_range byte 0, 43
attribute Sorites bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Sorites description String the relative abundance of Sorites in the sediment
attribute Sorites long_name String Sorites
attribute Sorites units String unitless
variable Uvigerina   byte  
attribute Uvigerina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Uvigerina actual_range byte 0, 12
attribute Uvigerina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Uvigerina description String the relative abundance of Uvigerina in the sediment
attribute Uvigerina long_name String Uvigerina
attribute Uvigerina units String unitless
variable Bolivina   byte  
attribute Bolivina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Bolivina actual_range byte 0, 27
attribute Bolivina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Bolivina description String the relative abundance of Bolivina in the sediment
attribute Bolivina long_name String Bolivina
attribute Bolivina units String unitless
variable Elphidium   byte  
attribute Elphidium _FillValue byte 127
attribute Elphidium actual_range byte 0, 9
attribute Elphidium bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Elphidium description String the relative abundance of Elphidium in the sediment
attribute Elphidium long_name String Elphidium
attribute Elphidium units String unitless
variable Cymbaloporetta   byte  
attribute Cymbaloporetta _FillValue byte 127
attribute Cymbaloporetta actual_range byte 0, 17
attribute Cymbaloporetta bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Cymbaloporetta description String the relative abundance of Cymbaloporetta in the sediment
attribute Cymbaloporetta long_name String Cymbaloporetta
attribute Cymbaloporetta units String unitless
variable Nonioinella   byte  
attribute Nonioinella _FillValue byte 127
attribute Nonioinella actual_range byte 0, 12
attribute Nonioinella bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Nonioinella description String the relative abundance of Nonioinella in the sediment
attribute Nonioinella long_name String Nonioinella
attribute Nonioinella units String unitless
variable Hayesina   byte  
attribute Hayesina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Hayesina actual_range byte 0, 34
attribute Hayesina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Hayesina description String the relative abundance of Hayesina in the sediment
attribute Hayesina long_name String Hayesina
attribute Hayesina units String unitless
variable Borelis   byte  
attribute Borelis _FillValue byte 127
attribute Borelis actual_range byte 0, 3
attribute Borelis bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Borelis description String the relative abundance of Borelis in the sediment
attribute Borelis long_name String Borelis
attribute Borelis units String unitless
variable Pseudohauerina   byte  
attribute Pseudohauerina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Pseudohauerina actual_range byte 0, 14
attribute Pseudohauerina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Pseudohauerina description String the relative abundance of Pseudohauerina in the sediment
attribute Pseudohauerina long_name String Pseudohauerina
attribute Pseudohauerina units String unitless
variable Amphistegina   byte  
attribute Amphistegina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Amphistegina actual_range byte 0, 20
attribute Amphistegina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Amphistegina description String the relative abundance of Amphistegina in the sediment
attribute Amphistegina long_name String Amphistegina
attribute Amphistegina units String unitless
variable Marginopora   byte  
attribute Marginopora _FillValue byte 127
attribute Marginopora actual_range byte 0, 3
attribute Marginopora bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Marginopora description String the relative abundance of Marginopora in the sediment
attribute Marginopora long_name String Marginopora
attribute Marginopora units String unitless
variable Triloculina   byte  
attribute Triloculina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Triloculina actual_range byte 0, 13
attribute Triloculina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Triloculina description String the relative abundance of Triloculina in the sediment
attribute Triloculina long_name String Triloculina
attribute Triloculina units String unitless
variable Reusella   byte  
attribute Reusella _FillValue byte 127
attribute Reusella actual_range byte 0, 4
attribute Reusella bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Reusella description String the relative abundance of Reusella in the sediment
attribute Reusella long_name String Reusella
attribute Reusella units String unitless
variable Articulina   byte  
attribute Articulina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Articulina actual_range byte 0, 2
attribute Articulina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Articulina description String the relative abundance of Articulina in the sediment
attribute Articulina long_name String Articulina
attribute Articulina units String unitless
variable Planorbulina   byte  
attribute Planorbulina _FillValue byte 127
attribute Planorbulina actual_range byte 0, 35
attribute Planorbulina bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Planorbulina description String the relative abundance of Planorbulina in the sediment
attribute Planorbulina long_name String Planorbulina
attribute Planorbulina units String unitless
variable Miliolinella   byte  
attribute Miliolinella _FillValue byte 127
attribute Miliolinella actual_range byte 0, 9
attribute Miliolinella bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Miliolinella description String the relative abundance of Miliolinella in the sediment
attribute Miliolinella long_name String Miliolinella
attribute Miliolinella units String unitless
variable Textularia   byte  
attribute Textularia _FillValue byte 127
attribute Textularia actual_range byte 0, 3
attribute Textularia bcodmo_name String relative_abund
attribute Textularia description String the relative abundance of Textularia in the sediment
attribute Textularia long_name String Textularia
attribute Textularia units String unitless
variable Total   short  
attribute Total _FillValue short 32767
attribute Total actual_range short 244, 320
attribute Total bcodmo_name String count
attribute Total description String the total abundance of foraminifera in the sediment
attribute Total long_name String Total
attribute Total units String unitless

The information in the table above is also available in other file formats (.csv, .htmlTable, .itx, .json, .jsonlCSV1, .jsonlCSV, .jsonlKVP, .mat, .nc, .nccsv, .tsv, .xhtml) via a RESTful web service.

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